Pope Francis has urgently appealed for food aid to help millions of South Sudanese “condemned to death by hunger”. His plea followed the United Nation’s declaration of famine in the stricken country, with 275,000 children severely malnourished and more than 5 million people urgently in need of food and agricultural assistance.
The pope has called on all involved to send food aid to South Sudan: “where a fratricidal conflict compounded by a severe food crisis condemns to death by starvation millions of people, including many children.”
The rate of new arrivals in to Uganda remains very high, with a total of 9,568 South Sudanese refugees received in Uganda between the 15th and 21st of February, although this is a decrease from the 13,092 new arrivals reported in the previous week. This brings the total new arrivals in February to 56,087.
The average daily rate of new arrivals this week was 1,367.
An obscure climate phenomenon in the Indian Ocean is contributing to an East Africa drought that is threatening the lives of millions of people, as famine looms.
Read more on IRIN
At a rally organised for a team led by Burundi Minister for Home Affairs Pascal Barandagiye, the refugees in Nakivale settlement demanded justice, an African Union force to protect those opposed to the government, and the resignation of President Pierre Nkurunziza before they could return home.
Burundian officials who had travelled to Uganda to persuade their nationals to return home left empty-handed after they were met with a hostile reception.
Average retail prices for maize and sorghum reduced by 6% and 20% respectively in January 2017 compared to December 2016 due to the December harvest. However, prices for the two commodities were higher during the month compared to January 2016 and the long-term average (2013-2016).
Average retail price for beans was higher during the month more especially compared to the long-term average (2013-2016) by 25%.
Statement from International Development Secretary Priti Patel and summary of how UK aid is already helping.
Following the declaration of famine in parts of South Sudan yesterday (Monday 20 February) – the first famine in the world for six years – there has been widespread media coverage including by the BBC, ITV, Sky, Guardian, Times, Financial Times and the Independent highlighting the worsening humanitarian crisis.
Today the European Commission has announced an emergency aid package worth €82 million as famine has been declared in South Sudan for the first time since the country gained independence in 2011.
One hundred thousand people are facing starvation in parts of the country while 40 per cent of the population (4.9 million people) is in need of urgent humanitarian assistance.
By Evelyne Karanja
NAIROBI, 21 February 2017 – Already grappling with an extended dry spell, countries in Greater Horn of Africa are bracing for an even deeper drought, with the approach of the traditional March to May rainy season offering little cause for comfort.
Exacerbated by the El Niño weather phenomenon, below-average rainfall is worsening food security and water availability, straining the resilience of communities across the region.
20 février 2017 – La Directrice exécutive du Programme alimentaire mondial (PAM), Ertharin Cousin, et le Haut-Commissaire des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés, Filippo Grandi, ont exprimé lundi leur préoccupation concernant les graves pénuries d'aide alimentaire qui affectent environ deux millions de réfugiés situés dans 10 pays africains notamment dans la Corne de l'Afrique
South Sudanese arrivals in 2017, based on field reports as of 31 Jan
Total South Sudanese refugees as of 31 January 2017 (pre and post Dec 2013 caseload and new arrivals)
Refugees in South Sudan
Internally Displaced People (IDPs) in South Sudan, including 223,862 people in UNMISS Protection of Civilians site
New Burundian refugees in asylum countries since April 2015 as of 31 January 2017
USD 214.5 million
Requested by UNHCR for the overall Burundi Situation in 2017
Burundi: Over 22,000 Burundians fled the country to neighbouring countries in January alone. Besides the concerning human rights environment inside Burundi, the food security has deteriorated considerably.
WFP is appealing to donors to fill a critical funding gap of USD 52.1 million over the next six months of its refugee operation.
The WFP is assisting 945,000 refugees in Uganda in 11 settlements and four transit centres in the northwest and southwest regions.
· The drought in the Horn of Africa is generating a humanitarian crisis of alarming proportions. The number of people in crisis and emergency food insecurity levels Integrated Phase Classification (IPC) 3 or above in Somalia (2.9 million), Ethiopia (5.6 million) and Kenya (2.6 million) now stands at over 11 million people.
· Global acute malnutrition (GAM) levels among children aged 6-59 months, pregnant women and nursing mothers remain a serious concern, with levels of over 25 percent GAM being reported in some parts of Somalia and Kenya.
The Executive Director of the World Food Programme (WFP), Ertharin Cousin and the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Filippo Grandi, are very concerned that critical shortages in food assistance are affecting some 2 million refugees in 10 countries across Africa.
The shortages could worsen in coming months without new resources to meet food needs.