Caritas aide actuellement des milliers de réfugiés qui fuient les massacres clandestins et la violence politique dans la petite nation de l’Est de l’Afrique, le Burundi. Déclenchée par la demande de réélection du Président, la crise s’est répandue dans plusieurs régions du pays, avec des milices menaçant les familles et tuant les opposants. Le département des réfugiés des Nations Unies estime que plus de 70 000 Burundais ont fui leurs foyers pour s’installer dans les pays voisins.
More than 1.82 million people were affected by floods or storms and at least 539 people lost their lives during the 2014/2015 Southern Africa rainfall season.
Extremely heavy rains over Malawi and Mozambique displaced 230,000 and 68,000 people respectively.
In Madagascar, Tropical Storm Chedza alone affected 123,225 people
The past weeks of civil unrest, mainly in the capital, and ensuing response by the security forces have raised serious concerns regarding child rights violations. Continued presence of children in political demonstrations has led to another death of a child (making the confirmed total of child deaths 5), as well as injuries by gunfire and teargas.
On the Burundi side of the border there are 52 confirmed cholera cases in the province of Makamba and 10 suspected cases in the province of Rutana with in total 5 deaths.
Caritas is helping thousands of refugees who are fleeing clandestine killings and political violence in the small east African nation of Burundi. Sparked by a presidential bid for reelection, the crisis has spread to many areas of the country, with roving military bands threatening families and killing opponents. The United Nations’ refugee department estimates that over 70,000 of Burundi’s people have fled their homes for nearby countries. Many refugees left with nothing.
The reports are the product of longitudinal assessments of the management of elections in Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda, with particular emphasis on each country’s EMB. They analyse the development of each country’s EMB over time, evaluating its strength and performance based on indices that are comparable to other similar bodies in the region. The studies provide an important context within which to review the evolution of EMBs in ongoing discussions about transforming the state through constitutional and legal reform.
- UNHCR launched the interagency Regional Refugee Response Plan to respond to the Burundi refugee emergency, seeking USD 207 million [http://www.unhcr.org/555f1dfe9.html].
-The mass evacuation of Burundian refugees from Kagunga was completed on 26 May. UNHCR is in close contact with Immigration officials to ensure that any new arrivals are reported and evacuated rapidly.
All newly arrived refugees have been uplifted by vessel from Kagunga, a village on the shores of Lake Tanganyika, where the vast majority of refugees had arrived as they fled Burundi.
Attention is now turning to Nyarugusu Refugee Camp where newly arrived refugees are hosted in churches, schools and playgrounds.
Nyarugusu Refugee Camp, up until the time of the current crises, accommodated approximately 65,500 Congolese and Burundian refugees who have been in Tanzania for over a decade.
BUJUMBURA, Burundi / NAIROBI, Kenya, 27 May 2015 – UNICEF said today it is extremely concerned by evidence of the continued presence of children amidst violent confrontations in Burundi. This situation has led to the death of yet another child in a shooting Monday and the injury of a child struck by a bullet yesterday.
Beneficial rainfall in the driest regions of Ethiopia and Djibouti; little rainfall for eastern areas of the Horn of Africa.
Moisture surpluses emerge in far western portions of the Western Africa region, while deficits remain to the east.
Le climat de tensions pré-électorales qui règne au Burundi a incité de nombreux Burundais à fuir vers la Tanzanie, le Rwanda et la République démocratique du Congo. Selon les estimations du Haut Commissariat des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés (HCR), plus de 112 000 réfugiés auraient à ce jour cherché refuge dans des pays voisins, dont plus de 70 000 en Tanzanie.
Tanzania - En coordination avec les autorités régionales et les partenaires des Nations Unies, l’OIM a terminé avec succès un programme pilote d’évacuation à pied visant à décongestionner Kagunga, un petit village situé à la frontière entre la Tanzanie et le Burundi, qui accueille actuellement environ 50 000 réfugiés burundais.
26 mai 2015 – Le Haut-Commissariat des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés (HCR) a déclaré mardi que les mesures de confinement prises pour lutter contre l'épidémie de choléra affectant des réfugiés burundais en Tanzanie semblent fonctionner.
According to the latest report from the Ministry of Agriculture, maize production is expected to decrease by 49 per cent compared to last year, and for all cereals (maize, sorghum, pearl and finger millet) a 649,859 ton deficit is predicted (requirements: 1,458,688 tons; available food production: 808,829 tons).
Sources: 2nd Round Crop Assessment Report, Zimbabwe Ministry of Agriculture.
United Republic of Tanzania
Caroline Haga, Finnish Red Cross
Senginuyava Fitness sits on the ground in the middle of the stadium clutching her youngest child, a six-month old girl who looks like a little princess in her colourful dress. She and her family have finally reached the second to last stop on their long journey to safety.
DAR ES SALAAM, 26 May 2015 (UNHCR) - The cholera outbreak that was announced by the Government of Tanzania last week took a positive turn at the weekend, with no deaths reported since Saturday 23 May.
“Due to the evacuation of the majority of the refugees from Kagunga and the improved water and sanitation situation at the epi- centers—Kagunga village and Lake Tanganyika Stadium—cases being treated are no longer as critical as they were in the initial stages of the outbreak,” said UNHCR’s Representative in Tanzania, Joyce Mends-Cole.
Kagunga, 26 May 2015 – The ongoing cholera outbreak in western Tanzania appears to be improving thanks to intensive national and international efforts, but the risk of transmission remains high due to limited access to shelter, toilets, water and essential medical care. As of 25 May, the total number of cases diagnosed and treated was 4408 and no deaths have been reported between 21-24 May.