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World + 11 others
Les pays en développement devraient recruter leurs étudiants en médecine et en soins infirmiers dans les régions rurales –L'épidémie du virus Ébola en Afrique occidentale est aggravée par la pénurie de personnel de la santé

AVIS AUX LECTEURS: Le Bulletin de l’Organisation mondiale de la Santé a été créé par elle pour être un forum permettant aux experts de la santé publique de publier leurs observations, d’exprimer leurs opinions et d’inciter un plus large public à réfléchir sur les questions essentielles de santé publique dans l'actualité. Par conséquent, les opinions exprimées par les auteurs dans ces pages ne représentent pas nécessairement celles de l’Organisation mondiale de la Santé.

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Tanzania Price Bulletin September 2014

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year.

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World + 25 others
Price Watch September 2014 Prices

Key Messages

  • In West Africa, staple food markets were well-supplied in August, with carryover stocks and early grain, tuber, and legume harvests. Staple food prices were stable or declining, except in deficit areas of Niger, Chad, and Mauritania and conflict-affected areas of northeastern Nigeria. The Ebola outbreak has led to both official and voluntary restrictions on the movement of goods and people in affected countries, resulting in atypical market trends in some areas.

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Ethiopia + 11 others
Program working to improve maize, legumes productivity

Addis Ababa September 25/2014 The Sustainable Intensification of Maize-Legume cropping systems for food security in Eastern and Southern Africa program (SIMLESA) is working to improve farmers' productivity through supplying improved seed.

Improved maize and legumes seed have been released to farmers through the program since 2010, said Mulugetta Mekuria, the Program Coordinator.

The improved maize and legumes seed provides 20 percent and 15 percent respectively higher production per hectare than the seed previously used by farmers.

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World + 11 others
Medical and nursing students’ intentions to work abroad or in rural areas: a cross-sectional survey in Asia and Africa

A cross-sectional survey reveals that less than one fifth of medical and nursing students in developing countries intend to work in remote and rural areas, where they are needed most.

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Madagascar + 8 others
Southern Africa: Weekly Report (23rd to 29th September 2014)

Regional Overview

According to FEWSNET, regional cereal production estimates for 2013/14 show an increased availability by 17 per cent above last year and 19 per cent above the past five-year average. Cereal production is also 2 per cent above the regional annual requirements.

In Focus: Southern Africa Climate Outlook

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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Angola + 10 others
Food Security Early Warning System - Agromet Update Issue 1, 2014/2015 Agricultural Season

Overview of the SARCOF Forecast

Four seasonal forecasts were issued at the SARCOF, covering the periods October to December 2014 (figure 1a), November 2014 to January 2015 (figure 1b), December 2014 to February 2015 (figure 1c), and January to March 2015 (figure 1d). According to the SARCOF, most of the SADC region is expected to receive normal to above-normal rainfall (light blue colours) throughout the forecast period. The exceptions are as follows:

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World + 2 others
Giving Young Women a Fair - and Healthy - Chance

Report
The Global Fund

By Mark Dybul, Executive Director of the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria

The circumstances of our lives begin the moment we enter the world. They start with who our parents are, what part of the world we are in, how many brothers and sisters we have, the environment that surrounds us -- and if we were born a girl or a boy. Even before we speak our first words, life begins shaping the opportunities and challenges we will face.

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World + 15 others
Rainfall Forecast for the 2014/2015 Agricultural Season

The Eighteenth Southern Africa Climate Outlook Forum (SARCOF-18) was convened from 27 to 29 August 2014 in Harare, Zimbabwe by the SADC Climate Services Centre (CSC) to formulate consensus guidance for the 2014/2015 rainfall season over the SADC region. A series of rainfall outlooks covering the period October 2014 to March 2015 were prepared by climate scientists from the National Meteorological and/or Hydrological Services (NMHSs) of the SADC region and the SADC CSC.

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United Republic of Tanzania: Vulnerability Assessment Committee Results (MUCHALI) 2014

Key Findings

  • A total of 35 Councils have been identified to be under stress.

  • A total of 213,379 people in 35 Councils are identified to be food and nutrition insecure and their food requirement is estimated to be 5,121 MT.

  • The levels of malnutrition in 6 to < 24 months age group were relatively higher than that of other age groups.

Key Recommendations

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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Kenya + 4 others
Leaders, farmers call for creation of regional food security commission

Report
EastAfrican

By DICTA ASIIMWE

Posted Tuesday, September 23 2014 at 10:06

In Summary

•East African crop scientists this year embarked on a five-year project to conserve indigenous plant genetic resources to improve food security across East Africa.

•Plant genetic resources are seeds and planting materials (traditional and modern varieties, crop and wild plant species) that can be used to develop crop varieties resistant to pests and diseases as well as tolerant to climate change.

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Regional Summary of 2014 SADC National Vulnerability Assessment Results (as of 22 September 2014)

The regional summary of the 2014 national vulnerability assessment results for Southern Africa finds that the regional food insecure population has decreased by 25 per cent compared to last year.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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World + 3 others
Fair share: climate finance to vulnerable countries

Key Messages

• Significant public expenditure on adapting to climate change is taking place through national budgets in some of the world’s poorest countries.

• In Ethiopia and Uganda, the overwhelming majority of this expenditure is being funded domestically.

• International support to assist such countries adapt to climate change, as called for under the UNFCCC, has not been forthcoming at the scale necessary.

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GIEWS Country Brief: United Republic of Tanzania 19-September-2014

FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

  • Above-average 2014 “msimu” and “masika” seasons crops gathered

  • Lower yields are reported in central Singida and Dodoma regions due to the unfavourable “msimu” rainy season

  • Favourable pasture conditions in most grazing areas

  • Maize prices continue to decline in major markets following commercialization of recently harvested crops

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World + 7 others
Secretary Kerry Keynotes Frontiers in Development Forum - Announces New Health Commitments by PEPFAR and a Global Resilience Challenge by USAID

Office of the Spokesperson
Washington, DC
September 20, 2014

Secretary of State John Kerry delivered keynote remarks yesterday morning at the second Frontiers in Development Forum convened by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID).

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World + 36 others
Food Assistance Outlook Brief, September 2014

PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR MARCH 2015

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Madagascar + 21 others
Emergency Transboundary Outbreak Pest (ETOP) Situation Report for August with a Forecast till Mid-October, 2014

Summary

The Desert Locust (SGR1) situation remained calm in winter, spring and summer breeding areas in the western outbreak region in August and only low density adults were reported in Mauritania, Niger and Chad, and a similar situation is highly likely in northern Mali where the ongoing security situation continuous undermining survey operations. No locusts were reported in Algeria, Libya, Morocco or Tunisia during this month.

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World + 7 others
Investing in Adolescent Girls for Africa’s Development

By Hinda Deby Itno and Julitta Onabanjo

H.E. Mrs Hinda Deby Itno, is the First Lady of the Republic of Chad and President of the Organisation of African First Ladies Against HIV/AIDS and Dr. Julitta Onabanjo is UNFPA’s Regional Director for East and Southern Africa.As the United Nations prepares to hold a Special Session of the General Assembly (UNGASS) on the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) on Sept. 22, they call for renewed commitment to adolescent girls in Africa, saying, “It is critical that we act now.”

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World + 24 others
Ten years after 2004 Tsunami, successful exercise demonstrates the efficiency of Indian Ocean Warning System

The Tsunami Warning System established under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO in the Indian Ocean following the December 2004 disaster is functioning effectively. This was demonstrated in a simulation exercise conducted on 9 and 10 September 2014, with the participation of 24 countries of the Indian Ocean Rim*.

According to the preliminary results of the simulated alert, all of the participating countries received timely tsunami advisory messages, and no delays were reported.