Rupa Narra, MD1,2*; Justin M. Maeda, MD3*; Herilinda Temba, MD3; Janneth Mghamba, MD3; Ali Nyanga, MD3; Ashley L. Greiner, MD1,4; Muhammad Bakari, PhD3; Karlyn D. Beer, PhD1,2; Sae-Rom Chae, MD1,2; Kathryn G. Curran, PhD1,2; Rachel B. Eidex, PhD5; James J. Gibson, MD5; Thomas Handzel, PhD4; Stephen J. Kiberiti3; Rogath S. Kishimba, MD6; Haji Lukupulo6; Theophil Malibiche3; Khalid Massa, PhD3; Amani E. Massay6; Lindsey S. McCrickard, DVM1,2; Geofrey J. Mchau3; Vida Mmbaga, MD3; Ahmed A. Mohamed, PhD6; Elibariki R. Mwakapeje3; Emmanuel Nestory6; Anna E.
Southern and central areas continued to receive well above average rains in January
Poor rainfall was received in western and north-eastern SADC and Madagascar
The Fall Armyworm has been confirmed in 7 countries in the region. The severity of the impact on regional crop production is yet to be established
Tropical cyclones Carlos and Dineo affected the region in early to mid-February. The impacts of Cyclone Dineo are severe, particularly in southern Mozambique
By Evelyne Karanja
NAIROBI, 21 February 2017 – Already grappling with an extended dry spell, countries in Greater Horn of Africa are bracing for an even deeper drought, with the approach of the traditional March to May rainy season offering little cause for comfort.
Exacerbated by the El Niño weather phenomenon, below-average rainfall is worsening food security and water availability, straining the resilience of communities across the region.
Pleasing to report is the noticeable decline in cases in Tanzania – for week six, only 20 cases were reported and indeed, the daily bulletin for 19 February states that “No (0) new suspected cholera case was reported”. This is the first zero case report since the current outbreak started in August 2015!
290,216 people affected
3 districts affected
228,316 post Burundian influx
290,216 people in need of food assistance
The Cash Based Transfer pilot continues to be implemented at Nyarugusu Refugee Camp.
In January the number of new arrivals spiked to 18,000 compared to a monthly average of 10,000 since September 2016.
New Burundian refugees in asylum countries since April 2015 as of 31 January 2017
USD 214.5 million
Requested by UNHCR for the overall Burundi Situation in 2017
Burundi: Over 22,000 Burundians fled the country to neighbouring countries in January alone. Besides the concerning human rights environment inside Burundi, the food security has deteriorated considerably.
• Good performance of the current growing season (October 2016 - April 2017) is badly needed for Southern Africa after two consecutive El Nino induced droughts that led to unprecedented levels of food insecurity.
• The growing season is now well established with favourable growing condition observed in most of Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and NE South Africa. However, excessive rains have led to instances of localized flooding and higher incidence of pests and diseases.
NOVEMBER 2016 – JANUARY 2017 RAINFALL
The southern half of conti-nental SADC region has re-ceived normal to above-normal rainfall in the current rainfall season.
The northern and eastern parts of contiguous SADC are still under normal to below-normal rainfall conditions.
Above-normal rainfall was experienced over Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, south Zambia, Zimbabwe, northern South Africa, central and southern Mozambique and Swaziland.
Increased, unseasonal rainfall forecast in some drought-affected areas
Vegetation conditions remain very poor in much of East Africa, following very poor rainfall between October and January in many areas, particularly in Somalia, southeastern Ethiopia, northern Kenya, and northeastern Tanzania. Vegetations have continued to deteriorate into February, particularly in the Horn, as the dry season has continued.
More than 290,000 people live in refugee camps in Tanzania's northwestern Kigoma District. The vast majority came from neighboring Burundi. More people cross the border every day—according to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees nearly 19,000 Burundians arrived in January 2017.
• Uganda is host to over 900,393 refugees and asylum seekers originating mainly from South Sudan, Democratic Republic of Congo and Burundi.
• Women and children fleeing conflict from South Sudan, DRC and Burundi are in desperate need of critical health services, clean water, education, and support to help them deal with the extreme stress they have experienced.