FOOD SECURITY AND NUTRITION
Nutrition challenges are not only about a lack of food. Malnutrition often arises when there is a gap in knowledge about positive nutrition behaviours – including what to eat, the importance of a balanced diet, and how to prepare foods to retain nutrients. Where CPAR works, diets are typically heavily starch based, limited to one or two food groups and locally available nutritious foods have been overlooked. This is why CPAR integrates nutrition and health education into all of our programming.
Abnormal dryness expected to continue in East and Southern Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
Although good rainfall was observed over the Greater Horn of Africa in late November and early December, the delayed onset of the October December rainy season, combined with an erratic distribution of rains during the season, has already negatively impacted ground conditions in northern Kenya and southern Somalia. As the season is coming to an end, a recovery is unlikely.
• The early stages of the 2014-2015 growing season in Southern Africa were characterized by significant rainfall deficits in an area extending across eastern Zambia, northern Zimbabwe, northeastern Mozambique and Malawi. The crop growing regions of eastern South Africa and Madagascar were also affected. The rainfall deficits led to vegetation levels being significantly depressed across these regions.
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR JUNE 2015
A favorable distribution of rainfall was observed over Southern Africa during the past week.
Seasonally-dry weather observed in Eastern Africa.
Vienna, Austria, December 16, 2014. Over 20 partner countries stand to benefit from the latest round of financing approved at the 149th Session of the Governing Board of the OPEC Fund for International Development (OFID).
Public sector approvals amounting to nearly US$260m will support the following projects:
By Miriam Gathigah
NAIROBI, Dec 12 2014 (IPS) - Mention gender inequality in AIDS and the fact that more women than men live with HIV pops up. But another, rarely spoken about gendered difference is proving lethal to men with HIV.
Research reveals that, across Africa, men have lower rates of HIV testing, enrollment on antiretroviral treatment, adherence, viral load suppression and survival, than women.
In Zambia, 63 % of adults starting ART are women.
Despite heavy rains in localized areas, rainfall deficits persist in East and Southern Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
Low and poorlydistributed seasonal Deyr rains have led to growing moisture deficits and deteriorated ground conditions throughout several local areas of southern Somalia, central Kenya, and coastal Tanzania. Recent rains have relieved dryness over most parts, but rainfall deficits remain in many local areas.
- After several weeks of suppressed rains, good rains are forecast in eastern Southern Africa. - Little rains expected in Eastern Africa.
1) Low and poorly-distributed seasonal OctoberDecember, Deyr, rains have led to moisture deficits and deteriorated ground conditions throughout local areas of southern Somalia, central Kenya, and coastal Tanzania. Recent rains have relieved dryness over most parts, but rainfall deficits have persisted over many localized areas.
Peace Corps volunteers Luke and Samantha Temple of Durango, Colorado, are generating local income and boosting nutrition rates in their Tanzanian community by teaching proper chicken care techniques to local community members. The Temples trained a group of 23 village representatives in practices that included building safe chicken shelters, making nutritious feed and preventing diseases. With help from the trained village representatives, they have educated more than 200 community members.
Seasonal outlook and impact on food security
There has been a general decrease in the number of food insecure people as harvests continue across the region. Following an extended dry period and delayed onset of rains, a large part of the arid, semi-arid lands (ASALs) have received below-average rainfall providing limited relief.
Heavy rains may lead to flooding, landslides in Central America; early season dryness continues in Southern Africa
Low and poorly distributed seasonal Deyr rains have led to growing moisture deficits and deteriorating ground conditions throughout several local areas of southern Somalia, central Kenya, and coastal Tanzania. Recent rains have relieved dryness some dryness, but rainfall deficits remain in many local areas.
SEPTEMBER– NOVEMBER 2014 RAINFALL HIGHLIGHTS
The season started slowly with a delays over most parts of the region. A delay of one or two dekad(s) was observed.
Over eastern part of the region covering the southern DRC, Zambia, Zimbabwe, the southern Mozambique and northern part of South Africa was drier than normal.
Some wet spots were observed during this period, spreading over eastern DRC, west and south of Tanzania, central Namibia, Botswana and South Africa.
Short season (Vuli) in bimodal areas of northern Tanzania starts well
Good late-November rains in south-east Botswana and north-west South Africa help to ease dry conditions
Delayed onset of rains in southern Malawi, central Mozambique, eastern Zambia, and northern Zimbabwe
Better growing methods and seeds raise incomes
Dec. 2014—Tanzanian smallholder rice farmers often use seeds saved from past seasons to plant their fields. Since these indigenous seeds are typically recycled several times, most have reduced viability or have developed susceptibilities to disease. The reliance of farmers on weak and damaged seed results in low yields and constrains agricultural development. Access to improved seed can help solve these problems, leading to agricultural productivity and higher profits.
MARUHUBI, Zanzibar (Thomson Reuters Foundation) –Zanzibar has begun relocating coastal families on the island of Pemba who are facing inundation from worsening high tides.
Read the full article here
- Below-average rains observed over a wide portion of Southern Africa during the past week.
- Seasonal rains coming to an end in the Greater Horn of Africa.
1) Low and poorly distributed seasonal OctoberDecember, Deyr, rains have led to moisture deficits and deteriorated ground conditions throughout local areas of southern Somalia, central Kenya, and coastal Tanzania. Recent rains have relieved dryness over most parts, but rainfall deficits have persisted over many localized areas.