Physical Exposure to Drought
Drought is a phenomenon that affects more people globally than any other natural hazard. Unlike aridity, which refers to a semi-permanent condition of low precipitation (desert regions), drought results from the accumulated effect of deficient precipitation over a prolonged period of time.
The units used in this product refer to the expected average annual population (2010 as the year of reference) exposed (inhabitants). The dataset includes an estimate of the annual physical exposure to drought. It is based on three sources:
Tropical Storm Risk Zones
This map was derived from the Munich Reinsurance Company's World Map of Natural Hazards and shows tropical storm intensity based on the five wind speeds of the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale.
Sixteen years of wildfires in Asia-Pacific
Wild land fires and other biomass fires annually burn a total land area of between 3.5 and 4.5 million km2, equivalent to the surface area of India and Pakistan together, or more than half of Australia. This makes it one of the most spatially prevalent hazards after drought.
Volcanic Explosivity in Asia-Pacific
This map shows the density of volcanic eruptions based on the explosivity index for each eruption and the time period of the eruption. Eruption information is spread to 100km beyond point source to indicate areas that could be affected by volcanic emissions or ground shaking.
Earthquake Intensity Risk Zones
This map shows earthquake intensity zones in accordance with the 1956 version of the Modified Mercalli Scale (MM), describing the effects of an earthquake on the surface of the earth and integrating numerous parameters such as ground acceleration, duration of an earthquake, and subsoil effects. It also includes historical earthquake reports.
• Typhoon MATMO made landfall in the afternoon of 22 July (UTC) in eastern Taiwan's Taitung County. A few hours before landfall, at 12.00 UTC, it had max. sustained winds of 158 km/h. After landfall it crossed Taiwan, weakening, and moved into the Taiwan Strait, towards eastern mainland China.
• In the morning of 23 July (UTC) it made landfall in the coastal area of Fuqing, near Putian, in Fujian Province (China) as a “Severe Tropical Storm” (China Meteorological Administration - CMA); then it moved inland weakening.
• On 22 July, 6.00 UTC, Typhoon MATMO had max. sust. winds of 158 km/h and its centre was located over the Philippine Sea, approx. 150 km north-east of Itbayat island (Batanes, Philippines) and 180 km south-east of Taitung (Taiwan).
• In the next 24 h it is forecast to continue moving north-west, making landfall in the area between Taitung and Hualien (eastern Taiwan) on 22 July afternoon (UTC), then cross Taiwan, slightly weakening, and reach the coast of the Chinese province of Fujian, near Fuzhou, in the morning of 23 July (UTC).
• PHILIPPINES: as of 21 July (NDRRMC), there were 97 dead, 437 injured, six missing, 1 600 298 people affected in seven regions, 518 764 people inside 1 264 evacuation centres and 111 372 houses damaged.
• CHINA: as of 21 July, the government reports nine dead in Guangxi, 13 in Hainan and four in Yunnan; 25 people are missing.
• VIETNAM: as of 21 July, media report 11 dead in Vietnam, several people missing and damages in several provinces of northern Vietnam. In terms of damage, the province of Quang Ninh has been affected the most.
Powerful Typhoon USAGI (named “ODETTE” in the Philippines) passed between Philippines and Taiwan on 21 Sep, making landfall in Itbayat Island (Batanes, Philippines). Strong winds and heavy rains affected Philippines and Taiwan (see impact in the map).
- USAGI (named “ODETTE” in the Philippines) has become a powerful Typhoon, heading NW towards Batanes islands (Philippines). At 06:00 UTC 20 Sep, it had a max sust. wind speed of 249 km/h and its center was located ca. 270 km ESE of Basco (Batanes islands, Philippines).
• At 06:00 UTC 20 Aug, TRAMI had a max. sust. wind speed of 101 km/h (Tropical Storm).
• According to 06:00 UTC 20 Aug data, in the next 24/36h its center is forecast to move NW, passing Yaeyama and Miyako islands (Japan), strengthening and pass very close/over N tip of Taiwan on 21 Aug, then move towards Fujian province (China).
Saola formed as a tropical depression over the western Pacific Ocean on July 28, 2012, and strengthened to a tropical storm the same day, Unisys Weather reported. By July 30, Saola was a typhoon, and the U.S. Navy’s Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) reported that the storm had maximum sustained winds of 65 knots (120 kilometers per hour) with gusts up to 80 knots (150 kilometers per hour).