[Wednesday 29 July] 2015 (Pacific Islands) – Tanoliu community in the North West Area Council of Shefa Province is attracting Pacific-wide interest in its new Knowledge Hub demonstration crop for farmers to share skills and ideas.
This report was commissioned to examine Tonga’s legal and policy frameworks relating to disaster response, in particular the effectiveness of these frameworks in facilitating the smooth entry of international humanitarian assistance into Tonga during a disaster.
24 July 2015: The First Pacific Ministerial Meeting on Meteorology held here in Nuku’alofa today has adopted 25 points they believe will ensure that National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) have the necessary capacity to support sustainable development in the region.
Climatologists now agree that the world is facing an unfolding El Niño event. The European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting says that more than half of all climate models are now predicting an El Niño stronger than 1997/8.
Rainfall & El Niño
Less rain in south western Pacic, plunging some countries into drought. More rain in equatorial countries from June -August 2015. If the El Niño is very severe, rainfall may drop steeply from September onwards
for Cost-Effective and Sustainable Disaster Risk Finance Solutions in the Pacific
The Human Footprint
Human influence on the earth’s land surface is a global driver of ecological processes on the planet, en par with climatic trends, geological forces and astronomical variations. The Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and the Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) at Columbia University joined together to systematically map and measure the human influence on the earth’s land surface today.
This map shows the average amount of precipitation falling in a year, based on approximately 50 years of data. The figures shown do not therefore represent the amount of precipitation that may occur in any given year.
Using an innovative approach with GIS and remote sensing, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory LandScanTM is the community standard for global population distribution. At approximately 1 km resolution LandScan is the finest resolution global population distribution data available and represents an ambient population (average over 24 hours).
Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification
The highly referenced climate classification map of Wladimir Köppen was published for the first time in 1900 and updated in its latest version by Rudolf Geiger in 1961.
Climate classification is applied to a broad range of topics in climate and climate change research as well as in physical geography, hydrology, agriculture, biology and educational aspects.
19.3 million displaced by disasters but "mother nature not to blame"
In the last seven years, an estimated one person every second has been displaced by a disaster, with 19.3 million people forced to flee their homes in 2014 alone. Disaster displacement is on the rise, and as policy leaders worldwide advance towards the adoption of a post-2015 global agenda, the time has never been better to address it.
The successful completion of two regional workshops strengthening Pacific meteorology on the cusp of the Third Pacific Meteorological Council helped lay the foundation for a productive week ahead.
UNDP & UN-OHRLLS Discussion Paper
Written by Gail Hurley, Policy Specialist on Development Finance
The following syndromes have been flagged:
- Diarrhoea: French Polynesia, Guam
- Influenza-like illness: Kiribati, New Zealand
- Prolonged Fever:Nauru
- Other updates
- Chikungunya outbreak is on-going in Cook Islands and Marshall Islands.
- Cook Islands have reported a total of 754 cases since October 2014, including 13 new cases in the week ending on July 5 2015.
The following syndromes have been flagged:
- Acute Fever and Rash: Palau
- Diarrhoea: Federated states of Micronesia
- Influenza-like illness: Kiribati
- Prolonged Fever: Kiribati
Chikungunya outbreak is on-going in Cook Islands and Marshall Islands. Cook Islands have reported a total of 741 cases since October 2014, including 15 new cases in the week ending on June 21 2015.
This issue of the Pacific Economic Monitor updates the 2015 and 2016 GDP growth and inflation projections for ADB's Pacific developing member countries. The policy briefs included in this issue focus on disasters in the Pacific.
Highlights from this issue of the Pacific Economic Monitor include the following:
Pacific Climate Scientists from throughout the Region are in Tonga this week on the invitation of the Deputy Prime Minister, Hon. Siaosi Sovaleni and the Ministry of Meteorology, Energy, Information, Disaster Management, Environment, Climate Change and Communications (MEIDECC) of the Government of Tonga to launch a new project that will provide nationally-tailored information on seasonal climate prediction to improve climate services in the Pacific Islands.
The Director of Health in Tonga says health authorities are struggling to locate carriers of typhoid following two new cases in the last month.
Read the full article on Radio New Zealand International
Men, women, boys and girls face different risks and have different priorities and needs in humanitarian settings. Pacific women are also subject to pre-existing and systemic inequalities, which impede their ability to survive and recover from disasters. These include high levels of gender-based violence, barriers to women’s meaningful representation in decision-making forums, formal and informal obstacles to women’s access to productive resources and information, and deficiencies in essential service provision for vulnerable groups.
It would cost billions to replace buildings like houses, schools, airports and power stations, which are currently at risk in the South Pacific from rising seas and other climate-change related events, say researchers.
The article, published today in the journal Nature Climate Change has analysed the vulnerability of 12 Pacific island countries to such hazards.