Temperatures in the Asia-Pacific region can go very high with central India reaching 50oC or more. The Tibetan plateau rarely exceeds 20oC because of its high elevation.
These temperatures are based on average highs over a period of approximately 50 years. Maximum temperatures in the region may therefore be from different months of the year and a temperature in any given location may exceed these maximums.
Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification
The highly referenced climate classification map of Wladimir Köppen was published for the first time in 1900 and updated in its latest version by Rudolf Geiger in 1961.
Climate classification is applied to a broad range of topics in climate and climate change research as well as in physical geography, hydrology, agriculture, biology and educational aspects.
The Human Footprint
Human influence on the earth’s land surface is a global driver of ecological processes on the planet, en par with climatic trends, geological forces and astronomical variations. The Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and the Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) at Columbia University joined together to systematically map and measure the human influence on the earth’s land surface today.
Using an innovative approach with GIS and remote sensing, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory LandScanTM is the community standard for global population distribution. At approximately 1 km resolution LandScan is the finest resolution global population distribution data available and represents an ambient population (average over 24 hours).
This map shows the average amount of precipitation falling in a year, based on approximately 50 years of data. The figures shown do not therefore represent the amount of precipitation that may occur in any given year.
UNDP & UN-OHRLLS Discussion Paper
Written by Gail Hurley, Policy Specialist on Development Finance
H.E. Prime Minster of Timor-Leste, Dr Rui Maria de Araújo and H.E. Minister of Health, Dr Maria do Céu Sarmento Pina da Costa launched a National Measles, Rubella and Polio Immunization Campaign on July 13th 2015 in Hera Primary School, Dili. The immunization campaign, supported by the Measles & Rubella Initiative, WHO, UNICEF and global immunization partners, aims to reach 500,000 children aged between 0 months and less than 15 years or 40 per cent of the national population. Ministers,
This issue of the Pacific Economic Monitor updates the 2015 and 2016 GDP growth and inflation projections for ADB's Pacific developing member countries. The policy briefs included in this issue focus on disasters in the Pacific.
Highlights from this issue of the Pacific Economic Monitor include the following:
In this issue
Nepal Earthquake P.1
Vanuatu: Tropical Cyclone Pam P.3
Preparing for disasters P.5
World Conference on DRR P.6
Business engagement P.6
• The Nepal Earthquake and Tropical Cyclone Pam in Vanuatu were the most severe disasters in the first half of 2015.
• In Nepal, the humanitarian response included a major search and rescue initiative from 31 countries as well as improved response in the field of community engagement and gender.
UNESCO and the University of South Pacific (USP) signed a new partnership agreement on 30th June 2015 to implement the Malaysia Funds- in- Trust project on loss and damage from climate change and climate extremes in multi-countries including Samoa, Fiji, the Solomon Islands, the Cook Islands and Timor Leste. Denis Chang Seng, the Natural Science Programme Specialist for the Pacific States said this was a major milestone. It had been challenging to get to this point.
(MissionNewswire) More than 1,100 students participating in Salesian programs run by the Daughters of Mary Help of Christians have access to better nutrition thanks to a recent donation of fortified rice-meals. Offered at orphanages, boarding homes, schools and a medical facility spread across six towns and villages in East Timor, 11 programs were the recipients of the donation which was made possible through an ongoing partnership between Salesian Missions and Stop Hunger Now, an international relief organization that provides food and life‐saving aid to the world’s most vulnerable.
Elevation and Bathymetry
The region is home to the world's highest mountain, Mount Everest (Sagarmatha in Nepal and Chomolungma in China) at 8,848m, as well as the deepest surveyed point in the oceans,
Challenger Deep in the Marianas Trench at 10,911m.
The Asia-Pacific region contains a diverse array of cultures, environments, and societies. One of the fastest growing economic regions in the world, it is also the most disaster-prone. While natural disasters affect the region frequently, as this region continues along its path of development, regional partnerships will be essential in developing the capacities of countries to reduce risk and vulnerability and to respond to disasters.
Ces dernières années ont été marquées par des crises humanitaires majeures en République Centrafricaine, au Sud Soudan, en Syrie, en Irak, et dans les régions touchées par le virus Ebola. Plus près de chez nous, l’est de l’Ukraine est en proie au chaos, suspendu à un fragile cessez-le-feu. Ces crises mobilisent comme jamais jusqu’alors l’ensemble de la communauté humanitaire qui doit faire face à de multiples conflits inscrits dans la durée.
Les ressources humaines et financières de nos organisations sont durement éprouvées alors même que les besoins grandissent.
WFP focuses on developing the capacity of the Government of Timor-Leste in managing supplementary feeding through the Ministry of Health’s Mother and Child Health and Nutrition Programme. Technical assistance, capacity development and a strategy for handover of a sustainable food based programme to the Government are key priorities.
Targeted boys and girls between 6-59 months and pregnant women and nursing mothers will benefit from the project.
WFP has been present in Timor-Leste since 1999.
On the 8th of June 2015, the General Directorate of Statistics (GDS), in association with the Government of Timor-Leste and the Ministry of Finance, with support from UNFPA and UN Women, launched the National Census of Population and Housing Timor-Leste Campaign at Government Palace, Dili. The campaign aims to distribute information concerning the Nation's third census since the restoration of independence in 2002, which is due to begin on the 11th of July 2015.
The Asia Pacific zone (APZ) of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) comprises the zone office in Kuala Lumpur, four regional offices in Suva (Pacific), Bangkok (Southeast Asia), Delhi (South Asia) and Beijing (East Asia) and 12 country offices, adopting a “best-positioned” strategy to support the national societies (NSs) in the zone according to their needs. Through this decentralized management structure, the Asia Pacific zone office directs the work of the regional and country offices.
By Hervé Ladsous, Under-Secretary-General for the United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations
Eighteen months ago, Bentiu, like most towns in South Sudan, was bustling with the restlessness of markets, people trading and children going to school. UNMISS, the UN Mission in South Sudan, was busy supporting development and growth in the world's youngest nation.
Aide humanitaire aux réfugiés sahraouis, la crise oubliée
L'année 2015 marque les 40 ans de cette crise oubliée. Les réfugiés sahraouis, estimés à plus de 165 000 personnes par les autorités algériennes, vivent depuis plusieurs générations dans des camps répartis autour de la ville de Tindouf, au sud-ouest de l'Algérie, et dépendent intégralement de l'aide internationale pour l'accès aux services essentiels (eau, assainissement, hygiène, alimentation/nutrition, soins de santé, soutien aux personnes vulnérables...).