This paper reviews the available data on men’s and women’s land rights, identifies what can and cannot be measured by these data, and uses these measures to assess the gaps in the land rights of women and men. Building on the conceptual framework developed in 2014 by Doss et al., we utilize nationally representative individual- and plot-level data from Bangladesh, Tajikistan, Vietnam, and Timor-Leste to calculate five indicators: incidence of ownership by sex; distribution of ownership by sex; and distribution of plots, mean plot size, and distribution of land area, all by sex of owner.
Jacob Achiek, Lucy Poni
Last updated on: March 14, 2015 5:31 PM
BOR— Asia's newest nation and one of its oldest are stepping up to help Africa's -- and the world's -- youngest country, South Sudan.
On Friday, more than half of a $150,000 grant from the government of Timor-Leste, which became independent from Indonesia in May 2002, was released to officials in Jonglei state. The $80,000 is to be used to build a school in Bor County. Many schools in the county have been shut down by the 15-month-old conflict in South Sudan.
Six countries in Asia are taking the lead in collaboration with the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization to deliver “blue growth” – a regional initiative which aims to promote the intensification of aquaculture production in an ecological and sustainable way, FAO officials announced today.
The six countries, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Timor-Leste and Viet Nam are taking the lead to pilot plans to upgrade aquaculture in order to help meet the food security needs of a growing global population – expected to top nine billion people by 2050.
By Lucia Cipullo, Regional Disaster Law Delegate for South East Asia
February was an exciting month in Timor Leste, as Disaster Law Programme developments kicked off for the first time. From 25- 26 February, IFRC and Cruz Vermelha de Timor Leste (Timor Leste Red Cross, also known as ‘CVTL’) participated in the Humanitarian Country Team disaster response simulation exercise, the outcomes of which recommended strengthening the national legal and policy framework for disaster management and response.
By Nicole Ball
By Kanya D'Almeida
UNITED NATIONS, Mar 3 2015 (IPS) - Nearly half of the four billion people who reside in the Asia-Pacific region are women. They comprise two-thirds of the region’s poor, with millions either confined to their homes or pushed into the informal labour market where they work without any safeguards for paltry daily wages. Millions more become victims of trafficking and are forced into prostitution or sexual slavery.
523,592 Refugees and asylumseekers 2,361 Identified unaccompanied minors 1,393,736 Stateless persons 20,000 Estimated irregular maritime departures in 2014
Population of concern
A total of 2.7 million people of concern including 1.4 million stateless and over 700,000 internally displaced.
NATURAL DISASTERS AND CONFLICTS IN ASIA-PACIFIC
FEWER LIVES LOST
In 2014, Asia and the Pacific experienced 126 natural disasters, which affected a total of 85 million people. Significantly, casualties were a quarter of what they were in 2013, with nearly 4,000 people killed by disasters in the region. Floods and landslides were the primary causes of death according to the Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED).
East Timor’s fragile peace may rest on the shoulders of one outgoing prime minister and the practice of paying off former combatants with depleting oil and gas reserves
A new report by UK think tank the Overseas Development Institute shows how Timor-Leste, a democratizing, rapidly-developing, resource-rich nation has experienced a remarkable period of relative safety since a third of its population perished from military action, starvation or disease during the 24-year Indonesian occupation that ended in 1999.
On January 14th, at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Dili, the Secretary of State for ASEAN Affairs, Roberto Soares, formally handed the total of one million and five hundred thousand dollars to authorities of Malaysia and Thailand to assist these governments in facing the damages caused by tropical storm Jangmi, that recently hit the region and these two countries in particular.
Coastal communities living in archipelago countries and small island states in Asia are particularly vulnerable to the impacts of hydro-meteorological hazards such as storms, droughts, landslides, and floods. Environmental degradation such as deforestation, desertification, biodiversity loss, soil erosion, and climate change, as well as social factors such as poverty and inequality, further compound their exposure to such hazards and make these communities extremely vulnerable to disasters.
Tropical Storm Risk Zones
This map was derived from the Munich Reinsurance Company's World Map of Natural Hazards and shows tropical storm intensity based on the five wind speeds of the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale.
Risk assessment for an area exposed to multiple hazards requires solutions to compare the risks. This map was generated by adding the value of mortality to the cumulated risk of cyclones, earthquakes, floods and landslides. Categories of risk based on expected annual losses.
This product was designed by UNEP/GRID Europe for the Global Assessment Report on Risk Reduction (GAR). It was modeled using global data.
Credit: GIS processing UNEP/GRID-Europe. http://preview.grid.unep.ch
Earthquake Intensity Risk Zones
This map shows earthquake intensity zones in accordance with the 1956 version of the Modified Mercalli Scale (MM), describing the effects of an earthquake on the surface of the earth and integrating numerous parameters such as ground acceleration, duration of an earthquake, and subsoil effects. It also includes historical earthquake reports.
Tectonic Plates and Fault Lines
The region is home to extremes in elevation and the world's most active seismic and volcanic activity. Southwest of India, the Maldives has a maximum height of just 230cm, while far to the north, the Tibetan Plateau averages over 4,500m across its 2.5 million square kilometres and is home to all 14 of the world's peaks above 8,000 metres. The Himalaya were born 70 million years ago when the Arabian Plate collided with the Eurasian plate.
Physical Exposure to Drought
Drought is a phenomenon that affects more people globally than any other natural hazard. Unlike aridity, which refers to a semi-permanent condition of low precipitation (desert regions), drought results from the accumulated effect of deficient precipitation over a prolonged period of time.
The units used in this product refer to the expected average annual population (2010 as the year of reference) exposed (inhabitants). The dataset includes an estimate of the annual physical exposure to drought. It is based on three sources: