Above-average temperatures and rainfall lead to flooding in Central Asia
Central Asia Weather Hazards
High temperatures during the first half of July have led to mudflows and flooding, damaging infrastructure and displacing populations across eastern Tajikistan.
· FAO’s global cereal price index continued to fall in Q2-2015, down 19 percent year-on-year.
· The real price of wheat dropped a further 9 percent over the last quarter. Prices are 33 percent lower than in Q2-2014, thanks to increased global supply and lower consumption.
· The real price of maize has fallen by 3 percent since Q1-2015 and is 21 percent lower than inQ2-2014. However, global production for 2015/16 is set to be lower and thus prices are likely to rise.
As a result of snow melting due to high temperatures all the district of GBAO are affected by the mudflow;
6 people were killed and more than 100 households (78 fully and 22 partially) destroyed as a result of mudflow in GBAO;
An artificial lake created in Gund river increased to 20 cm as of July 27, 2015;
Affected population are relocated to the tent camp in Shugnan District;
Government has allocated land for construction of the houses for 83 affected families in Shugnan District.
GENEVA / DUSHANBE (29 July 2015) – United Nations Special Rapporteur on the human right to water and sanitation, Léo Heller, will visit Tajikistan from 4 to 12 August 2015 to assess the country’s achievements and remaining challenges in realizing the human rights to water and sanitation.
SEVERITY OF THE CRISIS
In July 2015, mudflows caused by melting of glaciers and heavy rainfall killed at least seven persons, affected more than 7,000 persons, displaced more than 1,000 persons and significantly damaged key infrastructure. Most affected are the Region of Republican Subordination and GornoBadakhshan Autonomous Oblast. The capacity of many affected communities were already overstretched before the mudflows, which has severly limited their coping mechanisms. To date, several communities are still living in isolation.
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
High temperatures and the rapid melting of snow and glacier ice between 1 – 22 July 2015 triggered mudflows and floods in the mountainous regions of Tajikistan. According to preliminary assessments, the abrupt increase of air temperature in many mountainous areas of Tajikistan intensified the glaciers` melting and caused floods as well as water level increase in nearby rivers.
Tajikistan - Unusually high summer temperatures in Tajikistan have caused severe glacial melt, resulting in mudflows and flooding.
Among the worst affected areas is Shughnon district in the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Oblast (GBAO), a remote and mountainous area bordering Afghanistan.
Over 50 houses have been destroyed, resulting in 620 people seeking refuge in the Manem camp and Manem School shelter. Structural damage to roads and bridges has made the relief effort more challenging.
The numbers are grim, especially on maternal and child health. Women and children in Tajikistan face higher rates of malnutrition than women and children in other Central Asian countries and the South Caucasus. And babies are threatened, as well; acute infection is the leading cause of death for newborns and preventable illnesses play a part in a considerable proportion of all child deaths.
Basic preventative care is often hard to come by. For example, over 50 percent of the country's 5 year olds are iodine deficient. And about 21 percent have stunted growth.
Flood season began in April in Tajikistan, but this year Malika, 51, mother of six, was ready to protect her village. As water and mud began flowing down the hills that surrounding her village of Shokhindoz in the Rasht Valley, Malika organized a team of fifteen women and two men on a three-day operation to block the flow and save the only road that connects them to the rest of the world.
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One person killed, and 842 people were displaced as a result of mudflow in Rasht and Tajikabad Districts;
Preliminary number of fully destroyed houses in Rasht is 72 and partially damaged is 56;
A mudflow on 24 July fully destroyed 6 houses and partially damaged 4 houses in Tajikabad District;
At least 4,000 people do not have electricity supplies and access to water supply system due to damages to existing systems in Rasht and Tajikabad districts.
Government says it is mobilising aid but villagers say more is urgently needed.
Flood-hit villagers in a remote, high-mountain region of Tajikistan say their government has been too slow in responding to devastating floods that have left many areas cut off.
Ten people have died, and many others have lost their homes in flooding and mudslides in the Badakhshan region in the southeast of the Central Asian state.
High temperatures and melting snow have resulted in mudslides in GBAO and Rasht Regions of Tajikistan, and further communities are being affected as the situation evolves;
16 July 2015 mudflow affected several villages, some 25 km east of Khorog, GBAO, with more than 55 households and local infrastructure suffering significant damage;
On 20 July 2015, approximately 60 households and local infrastructure have been significantly damaged in Garm, Rasht;
In July 2015, according to long-term observations, there is a risk of an emergency caused by high temperatures, mudflows and rise of water levels in the basins of the Panj, Vakhsh, Zarafshon, Isfarinka, Varzob, Gund, Shirkent, Karatogh, Khanaka, Kofarnihon, Syr Darya Rivers in July 2015.
Increased rainfall unlikely to overcome deficits in Central America, Hispaniola, and parts of West Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
A slightly delayed start to the season with sporadic light rains in recent weeks has resulted in abnormal dryness for Gambia and central areas of Senegal. Dry ground conditions have led to delayed planting and have negatively impacted livestock health.
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR JANUARY 2016
DUSHANBE -- Mud slides and floods caused by rains and melting glaciers destroyed almost 60 houses, trade and cultural facilities, electricity lines, and an irrigation system in Tajikistan's eastern region of Gorno-Badakhshan over the last few days.
The latest mud slide on July 19 cut the flow of the Gund River and damaged some parts of a local village. The operations of two local power plants were suspended as a result of the floods.
A16 July mudflow as a result of snow melting due to high temperatures blocked the current of Gund River creating an artificial lake.
No casualties or human loss reported as of 18 July 2015. Water, food and non-food items are among the highest priority needs for about 1,100 affected people.
Over 80% of the communities in whole of GBAO do not have electricity due to infrastructure damages.
A mudflow affected Barsem and Kolkhozobod villages of Shughnan District,
GBAO on July 16, 2015. The mudflow was triggered by high temperature and rapid snow and glaciers melting and caused a very significant damage to infrastructure and households in 2 villages. The mudflow blocked Gund river and a lake is founded in Kolkhozobod village currently.