Key Messages - More than 30 years on, the situation of refugees from Myanmar/Burma in Thailand has become one of the world's most protracted refugee crises, and there is a need to find durable solutions. - Since 1995, the European Commission's Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection department (ECHO) has provided funding for humanitarian assistance in the refugee camps.
Facts & Figures
65 million people are forcibly displaced worldwide:
21.3 million refugees,
40.8 million internally displaced - 1.8 million seeking asylum.
Largest sources of refugees: Syria, Afghanistan, Somalia, South Sudan , Sudan, and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
The number of forcibly displaced people (refugees and internally displaced people) has continued to rise alarmingly in 2015 and 2016, calling for increased humanitarian assistance worldwide.
Highlights 1-31 May 2016
Bangladesh: In May, IOM provided return assistance to 31 Bangladeshis returning from Thailand. There were no minors among these returnees.
The Bangladesh Red Crescent Society (BDRCS) provided free phone call service for all returnees in coordination with the Government and IOM. To date, IOM has provided return assistance to 2,677 Bangladeshis.
The Rohingya crisis is a human rights crisis with serious humanitarian consequences. In Myanmar/Burma, the Rohingya have very limited access to basic services and viable livelihood opportunities due to strict movement restrictions. The legal status and the discrimination that these stateless people face must be addressed.
Highlights - Bangladesh: IOM provided return assistance to 39 Bangladeshis returning in five batches in April. Facilitated by IOM, 38 of them returned from Thailand and one from Indonesia. There were no minors among these returnees. To date, IOM has provided return assistance to 2,646 Bangladeshis. - Indonesia: As of 30 April, there are a total of 285 migrants (four Bangladeshis and 281 Myanmar Muslims from Rakhine State) throughout five shelters in Aceh and North Sumatera. The remaining Bangladeshis stay in Medan shelter.
Strong wind damaged 68 houses in Bandung District, West Java Province.
Nearly 60 people were left homeless when a fire broke out at the Umpiem refugee camp in Thailand’s Tak Province on Saturday.
The fire that started in the camp’s Zone-C and destroyed 13 homes, leaving 58 people empty-handed and in need of assistance, said the zone’s administrator Naw Lwe Say.
- Strong wind ravaged four villages in Deli Serdang District, Province of North Sumatra. The media reported that the wind had damaged 44 houses. The disaster management agency of Deli Serdang responded quickly the situation by providing food and assistance to the victims.
- Whirlwind has also damaged 25 houses and a school in Solok District, West Sumatra Province.
- Heavy rain and strong wind has damaged 48 houses and uprooted several trees in Sleman, Yogyakarta Province.
- 72 districts in 21 Provinces in the north and northeast of Thailand experienced heavy storm during the week. The affected provinces included Chiang Rai, Loei, Chaiyapoom and Mukdahan Provinces. Based on the Disaster Prevention and Mitigation (DDPM), about 2,600 houses were damaged in by the incident.
Flood submerged many areas in Karawang, West Java Province. Nearly 4,000 people were affect.
Highlights 1-31 March 2016
Bangladesh: During March, IOM provided return assistance, including food and onward transportation, to 40 Bangladeshis returning from Indonesia and Thailand. There were no minors among these returnees. To date, IOM has provided return assistance to 2,607 Bangladeshis
AMOUNT: EUR 21 400 000
- MAJOR CHANGES SINCE PREVIOUS VERSION OF THE HIP
Second modification as from 08.03.2016: Fiji - Tropical Cyclone Winston:
Tropical Cyclone Winston made landfall in Fiji on 20 February, causing loss of lives and significant damage to shelter, agriculture and infrastructure across its path. The Fiji Government estimates that close to 350 000 people living in the cyclone’s path were affected; 42 people have been confirmed dead and close to 40 000 people remain in evacuation centres.
- An earthquake of 5.9 magnitude occurred in Bengkulu and damaged 40 houses.
- High intensity rainfall caused flooding in Sungai Penuh, Jambi Province. Floodwaters reached a height of 60 cm forcing citizens to leave their homes. 100 houses were submerged and 100 families were evacuated.
- Landslides in District Jrengik, Sampang, Madura, East Java have affected 1000 people.
Clashes in Shan displace more than 6,700 people in February and March
GoB closes 25 IDP camps in Rakhine following the resettlement of 25,000 IDPs
USG provides nearly $20 million to date in FY 2016
Humanitarian needs in Burma persist due to ongoing localized conflicts, prolonged population displacement, and continued vulnerability to natural disasters, such as drought.
Highlights 1-29 February 2016
Bangladesh: During February, IOM provided return assistance, including food and onward transportation, to 134 Bangladeshis including 4 minors returning from Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand. To date, IOM has provided return assistance to 2,567 Bangladeshis.
In 2015, mixed maritime movements in South-East Asia were characterized by two distinct phases: from January to May, when the volume crossing the Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea was significantly greater than during the same period in previous years; and from June to December, when such movements all but disappeared following the abandonment of thousands of refugees and migrants at sea in May