No. 090/2016 dated 20 April 2016
By Mely Caballero-Anthony and Jonatan A. Lassa
Millions of people are at risk of hunger, starvation and diseases as a result of the onset of the unusually strong El-Nino since 2015 till now. But efforts in disaster risk preparedness and climate change adaptation have been haphazard. There is urgency for action to avert more catastrophic consequences of new climate patterns.
UN report calls for urgent actions to tackle rising urban disasters in Asia-Pacific
2016 Requirements: US$4,209,600
Globally, millions of vulnerable households are at risk of increased hunger and poverty due to droughts and floods as a result of a climatic occurrence: El Niño. This phenomenon is not an individual weather event but a climate pattern which occurs every two to seven years and lasts 9-12 months. No two El Niño events are ever the same and it is thought that this particular occurrence could be the most powerful on record. The strongest El Niño in 1997/1998 killed some 21,000 people and caused damage to infrastructure worth US$ 36 billion.
20-YEAR REVIEW SHOWS 90% OF DISASTERS ARE WEATHER-RELATED; US, CHINA, INDIA, PHILIPPINES AND INDONESIA RECORD THE MOST
23 November 2015, GENEVA – A new report issued today by the UN, “The Human Cost of Weather Related Disasters”, shows that over the last twenty years, 90% of major disasters have been caused by 6,457 recorded floods, storms, heatwaves, droughts and other weather-related events.
The five countries hit by the highest number of disasters are the United States (472), China (441), India (288), Philippines (274), and Indonesia, (163).
Super El Niño and climate change cause crop failures putting millions at risk of hunger
At least ten million poor people face hunger this year and next due to both droughts and erratic rains influenced by climate change and the likely development of a ‘super El Niño’.
Snapshot 10–16 June 2015
Ebola in Sierra Leone and Guinea: Weekly Ebola case incidence has risen for two consecutive weeks. Guinea recorded 16 new cases in the week to 7 June, five from unknown chains of transmission. Sierra Leone recorded 15 cases, the highest weekly total since late March. It has extended the state of emergency for 90 days.
Snapshot 3-9 June 2015
Yemen: 20 million people, close to 80% of the population, are estimated to need humanitarian aid. 500,000 people were displaced in May, bringing the total displaced since 26 March to more than 1 million. The escalation in the conflict has meant two million more people are food insecure, and six million more lack access to healthcare, and 9.4 million lack access to safe water.
Snapshot 28 May–2 June 2015
Iraq: 104,000 IDPs from Ramadi district over 15–29 May brings the total number of displaced in Anbar to 238,000 since April. They are facing serious restrictions accessing neighbouring governorates. In Anbar, Islamic State abducted 400 children in the last week of May. The humanitarian response for Syria is facing severe cutbacks due to funding shortages.
Mali: Gao and Timbutku regions have been the scene of multiple clashes between the Azawad Movement Coalition and Malian forces, as well as the pro-government Gatia militia. At least 12 people have been killed, including nine civilians. About 31,500 people have been displaced from three districts in Timbuktu region. They are in urgent needs of water, food, NFIs, and shelter support, but access is limited.
Snapshot 9–14 April 2015
Afghanistan: Security incidents have spiked in early April, after the announcement that more NATO troops would remain in the country than originally scheduled. NATO convoys were targeted in Nangarhar and Kabul on 10 April. On the same day, five NGO staff were found dead, having been abducted in Uruzgan province in early March.
In China, New Year festivities contributed to price increases above 10 percent for vegetables but pork prices fell slightly on ample supplies.
Wheat prices in Afghanistan’s Kabul markets fell sharply in February in response to the lower demand from domestic millers and abundant supply from neighbouring countries.
The Philippines has set a target of procuring 190 000 MT of rice from January to June 2015.
BANGKOK, 9 February 2015 (NNT) - Drought crisis has worsened in many provinces while the temperature begins dropping again in the upper part of Thailand.
The same situation is reported in the southern province of Phang-nga. Boh San residents are forced to store water in large containers as the water level in Boh San dyke has plunged so significantly that there is not enough water for consumption for the surrounding communities.
Crops in more than 3,600 rai of farmlands are now at risk of a water shortage.
BANGKOK, 16 January 2015 (NNT)-The Meteorological Department has advised people to keep warm as the weather will remain cold for many days.
In Yasothon, 500 blankets have been distributed to the residents affected by the icy weather. The 16th Infantry Division of the Royal Thai Army will deliver more blankets to people in the surrounding areas particularly the elderly and poor families.
BANGKOK, 14 January 2015 (NNT) – The Minister of Interior has urged authorities to provide aid to the public affected by the winter disaster in the 24 provinces of Thailand.
The Minister of Interior Gen. Anupong Paojinda has updated the current situation of the winter disaster, stating that a total of 265 districts in 24 provinces in the northern and northeastern region of Thailand are now declared winter disaster zones.
BANGKOK, 12 January 2015 (NNT) – The Minister of Interior has called all related provinces to provide aid to the affected public from the cold weather and to come up with prevention measures for the upcoming hazardous cold weather.
The Ministry of Interior Gen. Anupong Paojinda stated that the current winter situation has forced up to 250 districts from 23 provinces to be declared as winter disaster zones in the northern and northeastern region of Thailand.
TAK, 13 January 2015 (NNT) – The northern province of Tak is set to declare several more districts as cold disaster areas if the temperature in the region keeps on dropping for a few more days.