Crisis Group’s second update to our Watch List 2017 includes entries on Nigeria, Qatar, Thailand and Venezuela. These early-warning publications identify conflict situations in which prompt action by the European Union and its member states would generate stronger prospects for peace.
Nigeria: Growing Insecurity on Multiple Fronts
Peacemaking and mediation literature has often portrayed neutral ‘outsiders’ as the most suitable mediators, given their physical and emotional distance from the parties in conflict. However, in many parts of the world, communities in conflict prefer to deal with ‘insiders’ whom they already trust, who are part of the local society’s fabric, and who can make a long term commitment to resolving the conflict.
This paper was presented by Paul Power, CEO of the Refugee Council of Australia, for a panel discussion on Refugees and Responsibility at ‘Rethinking governance in an era of global insecurities, regional tensions and rising nationalism’, an international conference hosted by the University of Melbourne’s EU Centre on Shared Complex Challenges, 17 July 2017
Thinking regionally, not globally
1. Executive summary
Following the Andaman Sea Crisis of May‒June 2015, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in Bangladesh conducted a community-based study to understand the push factors influencing migrants to travel through irregular channels and the challenges experienced by migrants upon returning to Bangladesh. The study aimed to build the evidence base regarding the needs of returning migrants to inform the development of more effective migrant reintegration practices.
This report is the collaboration of Save the Children and the Asia Pacific Refugee Rights Network with funding support from the Oak Foundation.
Shaw R., Chan E., Lian F., Lu L., Shi P., Yang S., Chan G., Wong J.
2016 worst year for civilian deaths from explosive violence recorded in the last six years.
Since 2011, Action on Armed Violence (AOAV) has been recording the global impact of explosive violence as reported in English language media.
In 2016, AOAV recorded 45,624 deaths and injuries from the use of explosive weapons around the world. As with previous years, civilians bore the burden of this explosive violence. Of those harmed, 70% were reported to be civilians – 32,088.
43,000 Rohingya refugees estimated to have crossed from northern Rakhine State into Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh in 2016
168,500 Rohingya refugees who have led Myanmar since 2012, including 44,000 in 2016
112,500 Rohingya refugees believed to have travelled by sea to Malaysia from 2012 to 2015
18% Percentage of surveyed Rohingya refugee women and girls married before the age of 16
- 181 Immunization and Vaccinerelated Implementation Research Advisory Committee (IVIR-AC): summary of conclusions and recommendations, 1–2 February 2017 meeting
- 188 Zika virus: an epidemiological update
- 181 Comité consultatif sur la vaccination et la recherche sur la mise en œuvre des vaccins (IVIR-AC): résumé des conclusions et recommandations, réunion du 1er et 2 février 2017
- 188 Virus Zika: le point de la situation épidémiologique
Climate change increases the risk of natural disasters and places a strain on livelihoods. This may contribute to high-risk behaviours and other negative coping strategies among affected populations, such as resorting to unscrupulous recruitment agencies associated with human smuggling and trafficking.
This IOM infosheet explores the links between climate change, human trafficking and smuggling in the Asia-Pacific region. To address these challenges, the infosheet provides an overview of best practices from existing projects in the region.
Thailand recovered in 2016 from a severe two-year El Niño-related drought, which had substantially reduced irrigation supplies and rice acreage in the country. Bountiful rainfall during the recent wet season replenished important reservoirs which supply the agricultural sector and enabled the government to lift restrictions on irrigated rice acreage during the 2016-17 dry season (November through May). Farmers responded by increasing rice acreage by an estimated 975,000 hectares compared to last year.
2 February 2017 – The experience of Thailand in creating an equitable health care system that provides universal access to life-saving treatment for people living with HIV should be held up as a model for other developing countries around the world, says a new report.
In January 2017, ARTICLE 19 analysed the December 2016 amendment to Thailand’s Computer Crime Act of 2007 (the Amended Act) for its compliance with international freedom of expression standards. The Amended Act is currently awaiting the endorsement of King Maha Vajiralongkorn. ARTICLE 19 has previously reviewed the 2007 Act and called on the Thai Government to amend it.