Abidjan, 28 août 2015 (IRIN) - Équipé d’une houe, Arouna*, 12 ans, travaille dans un champ de cacao du sud-ouest de la Côte d’Ivoire. Il est torse nu et ses côtes sont visibles sous sa peau foncée.
« Chaque jour, je dois me lever très tôt pour que mon petit frère de 10 ans et moi soyons les premiers dans le champ pour défricher [la terre] », a-t-il dit à IRIN.
Increased rainfall across Hispaniola due to tropical storm activity
Africa Weather Hazards
Widespread, heavy rainfall over the past few weeks has caused flooding over local areas of West Africa. Heavy rain is forecast to continue during the next week, elevating flooding risks over many already saturated areas.
Significant rainfall is forecast to continue over eastern Chad and western Sudan, heightening risks for localized flooding and potential waterborne disease outbreaks.
Abundant rain has continued across a wide portion of West Africa.
Despite a recent increase in rain, seasonal deficits have persisted over parts of the Greater Horn of Africa.
1) Although an increase in rain has been observed over Eastern Africa during the past few weeks, seasonal deficits have persisted in south-central and eastern Sudan, western Eritrea, and northeastern Ethiopia due to the delayed onset and uneven rainfall distribution to the June-September season.
ABIDJAN, 25 August 2015 (IRIN) - Twelve-year-old Arouna* stands shirtless in a cocoa field in southwestern Côte d’Ivoire holding a hoe, his ribs clearly visible under his dark skin.
“I have to get up very early each day to be the first in the field with my younger brother, aged 10, to start clearing [the land],” he told IRIN. “I’m so tired.”
Au 2 août 2015, la région de l’Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre (AOC) a enregistré environ 11.723 cas et 239 décès (Let. = 2%) de choléra dans 7 pays. Comparativement à la même époque en 2014, on note dans la région 73% de cas rapportés en moins.
Les données des dernières semaines indiquent en outre la persistance de quelques cas au Ghana et l’arrivée de nouveaux cas au Cameroun à la frontière avec le Nigeria.
The World Health Organization (WHO) and partner organizations continue to provide dedicated and on-the-ground preparedness support to priority countries in the African region: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Côte d’Ivoire, Ethiopia, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal, South Sudan and Togo.
- The pastoral lean season continues despite improved rainfall in end of July 2015 in the pastoral zone.
- The agricultural campaign is off to a slow start due to a persistent lack of rainfall in the Sahel.
- The prolonged conflict and civil insecurity in Nigeria and Mali continue to cause population movements. - The FAO index of food prices worldwide is at its lowest level since six years.
Poorly distributed rainfall in West and East Africa likely to exacerbate conditions
Africa Weather Hazards
Widespread, heavy rain during the past few weeks has caused flooding over local areas of Mali, Burkina Faso, and Niger. Heavy rain is forecast to continue during the next week, maintaining elevated risks for flooding over many areas.
- Widespread heavy rain continues and increases risks for flooding over many areas of West Africa.
- Rainfall deficits have persisted over parts of Eastern Africa despite increased rain during the recent weeks
1) A premature cessation of rain has increased moisture deficits and negatively impacted crops in the southern parts of Ghana, Togo, and Benin. Limited rain is forecast along the Gulf of Guinea during the next week, likely to sustain moisture deficits.
The outbreak of the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in West Africa is unprecedented in its scale, severity, and complexity. More than 23,200 people have been infected by 15 February 2015, resulting in over 9,300 deaths. Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone are still affected by this outbreak, and are struggling to control the epidemic against a backdrop of extreme poverty, weak health systems and social customs that make breaking human-to-human transmission difficult.
Despite good July rainfall, concern continues for areas where the season started significantly late
Continued northward migration of the Intertropical Front (ITF) has been observed during the past several weeks. The ITF has stayed at or north of its climatological position over most of the region during the last month and a half, resulting in aboveaverage rainfall over large portions of the Sahelian zone.
La soudure pastorale perdure malgré l’amélioration des précipitations en fin juillet 2015 dans la zone pastorale.
La campagne agricole tarde à prendre une allure normale en raison d’une persistance du déficit pluviométrique dans la zone sahélienne.
La poursuite des conflits et de l’insécurité civile au Nigeria et au Mali continuent à occasionner les mouvements de population.
L'indice FAO des prix des produits alimentaires au niveau mondial est à son plus bas niveau depuis six ans.
Au 19 juillet 2015, la région de l’Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre (AOC) a enregistré environ 10 975 cas et 233 décès (Let. = 2.1%) de choléra dans 7 pays. Comparativement à la même époque en 2014, on note dans la région 72% de cas rapportés en moins.
- Widespread heavy rain observed across West Africa during the past week.
- Poor rainfall distribution since the start of the season has led to death in livestock over parts of northeastern Ethiopia.
1) A premature cessation of rain has increased moisture deficits and negatively impacted crops in the southern parts of Ghana, Togo, and Benin. A delayed onset and irregular distribution of rainfall have led to abnormal dryness across western and north-central Nigeria.
Summary of WFP assistance:
Heavy rainfall forecast for flood-affected areas of West Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
A slightly delayed start to the season has resulted in abnormal dryness for Gambia and central areas of Senegal. Dry ground conditions have reportedly led to delayed planting and have negatively impacted the health of livestock.
Heavy downpours have caused flooding and fatalities in Conakry, Guinea during the past week. Torrential rain is forecast to continue during the next week, which could worsen conditions on the grounds.
Torrential rain caused flooding and fatalities in Conakry, Guinea.
Below-average rain has continued in north-central Ethiopia.
1) A premature cessation of rains for bimodal regions of southern Ghana, Togo, and Benin has led to increased moisture deficits and negative impacts. A delayed onset of the rainy season, followed by poorly-distributed rainfall has led to abnormal dryness across western and north-central Nigeria.
Above-average temperatures and rainfall lead to flooding in Central Asia
Central Asia Weather Hazards
High temperatures during the first half of July have led to mudflows and flooding, damaging infrastructure and displacing populations across eastern Tajikistan.
· FAO’s global cereal price index continued to fall in Q2-2015, down 19 percent year-on-year.
· The real price of wheat dropped a further 9 percent over the last quarter. Prices are 33 percent lower than in Q2-2014, thanks to increased global supply and lower consumption.
· The real price of maize has fallen by 3 percent since Q1-2015 and is 21 percent lower than inQ2-2014. However, global production for 2015/16 is set to be lower and thus prices are likely to rise.
Abnormally wet conditions are continuing for several nations in the western Gulf of Guinea region
Moisture deficits worsen further in southeast Sudan, Eritrea and parts of Ethiopia with a continued lack of rainfall.