A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Cyclical drought, food insecurity, cyclones, floods, disease outbreaks, and complex emergencies present significant challenges to vulnerable populations throughout the Southern Africa region. Between FY 2005 and FY 2014, USAID’s Office of U.S.
Overview of the SARCOF Forecast
Four seasonal forecasts were issued at the SARCOF, covering the periods October to December 2014 (figure 1a), November 2014 to January 2015 (figure 1b), December 2014 to February 2015 (figure 1c), and January to March 2015 (figure 1d). According to the SARCOF, most of the SADC region is expected to receive normal to above-normal rainfall (light blue colours) throughout the forecast period. The exceptions are as follows:
WASHINGTON, September 26, 2014 - The World Bank’s Board of Executive Directors today approved US$7 million in financing to Seychelles to help the country better cope with extreme natural events such as floods, mud slides, or tsunamis, which have wreaked havoc on the island nation in the past. Seychelles is the first African country to partner with the World Bank on this innovative disaster risk initiative.
The Eighteenth Southern Africa Climate Outlook Forum (SARCOF-18) was convened from 27 to 29 August 2014 in Harare, Zimbabwe by the SADC Climate Services Centre (CSC) to formulate consensus guidance for the 2014/2015 rainfall season over the SADC region. A series of rainfall outlooks covering the period October 2014 to March 2015 were prepared by climate scientists from the National Meteorological and/or Hydrological Services (NMHSs) of the SADC region and the SADC CSC.
Overview 2013/14 Crop Production Season
Well distributed rains were received in most parts of the region facilitating good production in most countries
Late start of the season in north-eastern and some southern parts of the Region, including parts of Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe
The Tsunami Warning System established under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO in the Indian Ocean following the December 2004 disaster is functioning effectively. This was demonstrated in a simulation exercise conducted on 9 and 10 September 2014, with the participation of 24 countries of the Indian Ocean Rim*.
According to the preliminary results of the simulated alert, all of the participating countries received timely tsunami advisory messages, and no delays were reported.
Ten years after the strongest tsunami in living memory in 2004, 24 countries of the Indian Ocean Rim* will participate in a large scale simulation exercise organized under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO on 9 and 10 September to test the Indian Ocean Tsunami Warning and Mitigation System. The goal is to measure the capacity and response times of the various stakeholders involved to address such rare but potentially destructive events.
Nairobi, 12 August 2014 – Investment in climate change adaptation can help ensure that the impacts of climate change - including a projected 20 – 50 per cent decline in water availability – do not reverse decades of development progress in Africa, according to a new report released today by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).
Bureau of Political-Military Affairs
August 11, 2014
News in Brief
Resilience refers to the ability of a system, communities and households to endure stresses and shocks.
Southern Africa as a region is characterized by high levels of vulnerability.
Recent momentum around the resilience building agenda in Lesotho and Malawi shows great promise.
A groundbreaking resilience framework is being developed to guide future activities in the region
This report covers the period: 1 January 2013 to 31 December 2013
IOM Strategy Responds to Complex Migration Challenges in Southern Africa
Southern Africa experiences all types of movements such as mixed and irregular migration, labour migration and forced migration, including displacement due to conflict and natural disasters. These migration flows involve over four million economically active persons, and an additional unspecified number of undocumented migrants, including many vulnerable populations such as women and children.
This report covers the period 01/01/13 to 31/12/13.
Highlights of 2013 include: The Indian Ocean Islands (IOI) office organized the first RM workshop in Africa with participation from all National Societies (NS) in the sub-region (Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius and Seychelles). Resource mobilisation plans were established and developed during this workshop.
Youth networking in IOI NSs also improved during 2013, and the NS youth coordinators were able to maintain good relations during the year.
During the 2013/2014 rainfall season (October 2013 - May 2014), severe weather events caused flooding in several Southern African countries, with almost all affected by some level of flooding. Nine tropical cyclones were recorded during the season, compared to the seasonal average of ten, of which three made landfall: Hellen, Amara and Deliwe. A total of 383,256 people were affected and 117 deaths reported. 195,000 USD was issued in the form of OCHA emergency cash grants to assist in response activities.
An estimated 383,261 people were affected by floods or storms and at least 117 people lost their lives during the 2013/2014 rainfall season.
Tropical Cyclone Hellen, which impacted Mozambique, Comoros and Madagascar in late March, was one of the most powerful cyclones ever recorded in the Mozambique Channel.
In Zimbabwe, the more than 15,625 people evacuated remain in dire living conditions.