PRETORIA, February 5, 2016 - The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria and a Regional Coordinating Mechanism (RCM) representing a group of 10 Southern African countries today signed a landmark grant to pioneer innovative models to reduce high rates of TB in the mining sector.
- El Niño“drought effect” likely to have a long-lasting impact as people’ resilience continues to be eroded
- Ethiopia battling worst drought in decades
- Drought, food in security and power shortages stalk southern Africa region
- Cholera, a preventable disease, kills thousands across eastern and southern Africa
- Protracted conflicts to complicate humanitarian situation
- Funding shortfalls paralyse humanitarian responses
Globally, millions of vulnerable households are at risk of increased hunger and poverty due to droughts and floods as a result of a climatic occurrence: El Niño. This phenomenon is not an individual weather event but a climatic pattern which occurs every two to seven years and lasts 9-12 months. No two El Niño events are ever the same and it is thought that this particular occurrence could be the most powerful on record. The strongest El Niño in 1997/1998 killed some 21,000 people and caused damage to infrastructure worth US$ 36 billion.
This bulletin examines trends in staple food and fuel prices, the cost of the basic food basket and consumer price indices for 69 countries in the fourth quarter of 2015 (October to December). The maps on pages 6–7 disaggregate the impact analysis to sub-national level.
• During Q4-2015, FAO’s global cereal price index fell by a further 15.2 percent year-on-year because of abundant supplies and sluggish demand. The index returned to the level seen before the food price crisis of 2007-08.
Most parts of the region expecting significantly reduced harvest due to drought conditions
60 million PEOPLE WILL BE AFFECTED BY EL NIÑO IN THE FOUR MOST AFFECTED REGIONS
2.8 million PEOPLE REQUIRE HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE IN GUATEMALA AND HONDURAS
10.2 million PEOPLE IN NEED OF EMERGENCY FOOD IN ETHIOPIA
14 million FOOD INSECURE PEOPLE IN SOUTHERN AFRICA – EXCLUDING SOUTH AFRICA
El Niño status
Nairobi, 29 janvier 2016 (IRIN) - Cette année, l’Afrique australe est confrontée au risque de mauvaises récoltes, car les précipitations ont atteint leur niveau le plus bas dans une région où 29 millions de personnes vivent déjà sans un accès fiable à une alimentation bon marché et nourrissante en quantité suffisante.
« Les perspectives sont alarmantes, car plusieurs zones n’ont connu que peu ou pas de précipitations et la fenêtre de plantation des céréales se ferme rapidement ou s’est déjà fermée dans certains pays », a mis en garde le Programme alimentaire mondial (PAM).
Background and purpose
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has as its **Strategic Objective 5** to “Increase the resilience of livelihoods to threats and crises”. In support of its national counterparts, FAO aims to address the current and future needs of vulnerable people affected by the 2015‒2016 El Niño event.
By Obi Anyadike, Africa Editor
NAIROBI, 28 January 2016 (IRIN) - Southern Africa is facing the threat of extensive crop failures this year as a result of record low rainfall in a region in which 29 million people already don't have reliable access to enough affordable and nutritious food.
“With little or no rain falling in many areas and the window for the planting of cereals closing fast or already closed in some countries, the outlook is alarming,” the World Food Programme has warned.
Genetic diversity of livestock can help feed a hotter, harsher world
Despite growing interest in safeguarding biodiversity of livestock and poultry,genetic erosion continues
Summary of WFP assistance: WFP implements two Development Projects, each with a focus on assisting the most food insecure groups of people in Swaziland: orphans and vulnerable children (OVC), and vulnerable people infected with HIV and tuberculosis (TB). In addition, WFP enhanced the Government's capacity to manage food and nutrition security interventions, including food security, monitoring and emergency preparedness and response.
The current growing season (October 2015 – April 2016) in Southern Africa is developing under the peak phase of El Nino that is about to become the strongest on the record.
• The first phase of the growing season is characterized by severe and widespread rainfall deficits. Across vast areas of South Africa, Zimbabwe, Zambia and Botswana, this has been the driest October-December since at least 1981.
October to December 2015 was the driest in at least 35 years in several southern parts of the region.
Large decreases in planted area are expected in some areas, as planting windows close
Vegetation conditions improved in some central parts, though conditions remained very poor in many southern areas
Above normal rainfall was received in some western parts of the region in December, helping to reduce the overall rainfall deficits in those areas.
JOHANNESBURG – The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) is increasingly concerned about food security in southern Africa where an estimated 14 million people are facing hunger following prolonged dry spells that led to a poor harvest last year.
The El Niño global weather event, which is leading to even worse drought across the region, is already affecting this year’s crop. With little or no rain falling in many areas and the window for the planting of cereals closing fast or already closed in some countries, the outlook is alarming.
Many countries across the African continent face recurrent complex emergencies, frequent food insecurity, cyclical drought, and sudden-onset disasters such as earthquakes, floods, and storms. In FY 2015, as in previous years, USAID/OFDA not only responded to urgent needs resulting from disasters, but also supported DRR programs that built resilience and improved emergency preparedness, mitigation, and response capacity at the local, national, and regional levels.
Persistently below-average rainfall leads to drought in many parts of Southern Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
Dryness persists in southern Africa and Kenya despite recent heavy rainfall
Drought conditions have affected many countries in southern Africa, including Angola, South Africa, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Lesotho, Swaziland, and Mozambique due to the delayed start of season and erratic distribution of rainfall. Exacerbated by a poor performance during the previous season, the deficient rain has already significantly reduced water availability, leading to livestock deaths and poor ground conditions over many areas.
Abnormal rainfall patterns contributed to a spike in food insecurity in the region, which is currently affecting more than 28.5M people. This figure includes Angola (where the figures are yet to be confirmed), Madagascar (where 1,893,398 people are classified as food insecure, of which 459,319 people are severely so). These severe food insecurity conditions are likely to be exacerbated by the current El Niño which is predicted to continue and strengthen in 2015/2016.
(MissionNewswire) Close to 1,000 people received better nutrition thanks to a recent shipment of fortified rice-meals to the Salesian organization, Manzini Youth Care, located in the city of Manzini in Swaziland. The donation was made possible thanks to an ongoing partnership between Salesian Missions and Feed My Starving Children, a non-profit Christian organization committed to “feeding God’s children hungry in body and spirit.”