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22 Jan 2015 description

HIGHLIGHTS

  • The total number of South Sudanese refugees who have entered Ethiopia since the outbreak of the conflict in mid-December 2013 is now over 194,847 individuals, comprising 192,245 individuals who entered through Gambella and 2,602 who entered through the Assosa region.

  • The rate of new arrivals to Ethiopia from South Sudan has remained relatively low as the rainy season has drawn to an end, with 870 new arrivals entering since 1 December 2014.

22 Jan 2015 description

December 2014 marked the first anniversary of the South Sudan conflict as efforts to restore peace and stability in Africa’s newest State continue.

One year since thousands of South Sudanese mostly women and children fled to seek refuge in Ethiopia, and in particular in the Gambella Region, the Government of Ethiopia, UNHCR and partners have been responding to the refugee emergency amid challenges.

20 Jan 2015 description

Key Issues:

  • The distribution of the sixth round relief food ration started last week for 3.2 million relief food beneficiaries nationwide.

  • UNHCR and partners will expedite the development of the new Koben camp in Gambella region despite funding shortfalls.

  • Four of 11 water trucks requested for Oromia are operating in Borena, East Hararge and West Hararge zones

Dispatch and Distribution of the sixth round relief food ration starts

15 Jan 2015 description

HIGHLIGHTS

  • The total number of South Sudanese refugees who have entered Ethiopia since the outbreak of the conflict in mid-December 2013 is now over 194,546 individuals, comprising 191,944 individuals who entered through Gambella and 2,602 who entered through the Assosa region. This brings the total number of South Sudanese refugees in Ethiopia to 251,545 individuals.

13 Jan 2015 description

Contextual Background

Historical background

  • Pugnido is the oldest camp in the Gambella Region of Western Ethiopia, and is hosting both refugees that arrived twenty years ago (since 1993) and those that have arrived within recent months (after 15th December 2013 following armed conflict in South Sudan). There are also refugees who arrived in 2012 followed by 2011 civil war in South Sudan.

Areas of Origin

13 Jan 2015 description

Contextual Background

Pattern in Population Change

  • Kule Refugee Camp was opened on 17 May 2014 to receive the new arrivals, transiting mainly from Akobo, Pagak and Burbiey entry points.

Areas of Origin

  • The population is primarily comprised of refugees originating from South Sudan’s Unity, Upper Nile and Jonglei states.

Cultural Background

  • The refugees are predominantly ethnic Luo‐Nuer.

Main Occupations

  • Primarily farmers and pastoralists
13 Jan 2015 description

Contextual Background

Background

  • It a year since Ethiopia opened its doors to fleeing South Sudanese refugees. Since mid‐December 2013 when people began arriving at Ethiopian border, Pagak entry point has received 94,239 refugees (almost 50% of all new arrival refugees to Ethiopia since December 2013). Most of these refugees were relocated to Kule, Tierkidi and leictour camps and of recent more than 1,100 relocated to Pugnido refugee camp. Sporadic numbers of new arrival refugees are still being recorded at Pagak.

Areas of Origin

13 Jan 2015 description

Contextual Background

Historical background

 Pamdong transit site was established to decongest Pagak entry point, after both Kule and Tierkidi camps reached their full capacity. Refugees stayed at Pamdong for about five months and were recently relocated to Pugnido refugee camp with about 200 refugees remaining at the location.

Areas of Origin

 The refugees are mainly from Malakal state in South Sudan.

Cultural Background

 The refugees are predominantly ethnic Luo‐Nuer.

Main Occupations

12 Jan 2015 description

HIGHLIGHTS

  • IOM has assisted a total of 184,656 refugees: 182,044 in Gambella and 2,612 in Benishangul‐Gumuz since the conflict broke out.

  • Since the last update, IOM has evacuated a total 20 refugees in Gambella Region.

  • The total number of refugees relocated in Gambella is significantly lower as refugees are preferring to stay at Matar station.