1. Executive Summary
Kenya has been providing protection and lifesaving assistance to refugees since the 1960s. During the 1990s major influxes were witnessed from Sudan, Somalia and Ethiopia. While returns took place as the situation improved in places of origin for Sudanese to South Sudan and Ethiopians to Ethiopia, a significant number of refugees remained and continue to be hosted in Kenya. As well, 2011 saw an unprecedented influx of Somalis as a result of drought and insecurity in their homeland.