- OCHA South Sudan Crisis Situation Report No. 67 (as of 19 Dec 2014)
- OCHA Humanitarian Bulletin | Monthly Update - November 2014
- FIDH :“We fear the worst” : Breaking the cycle of violence and impunity in South Sudan to prevent chaos
Appeals & Funding
South Sudan Humanitarian Response Plan 2015 South Sudan Consolidated Appeal 2014-2016 CHF (Common Humanitarian Fund) Guide to Giving: Key ways of contributing to the crisis response in South Sudan
Preparation of the new El Redis 2 and Debat Bosin sites is expected to be completed by the 25th of December, with basic services (reception space, shelters, water and latrines) being made available. The relocation is then scheduled to take place 26th and 31st December 2014.
The Khartoum relocation (from Shagara to Bantiu site) has been delayed this week due to delivery of substandard shelter poles. Replacement possibilities are currently being explored, and movement is expected to take place immediately following resolution of this issue.
● Around 1.4 million people are displaced within South Sudan. Another 488,500 have fled to neighboring countries
● Acute respiratory infection surpassed malaria as the main cause of illness among displaced people.
● The conflict has caused unprecedented displacement of millions of cattle from conflict-affected areas into areas outside usual pastoral lands, challenging local power structures, affecting natural resource availability and altering disease patterns.
18 December 2014 – Peace negotiations between the South Sudanese government and the Opposition resumed on Thursday in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa. IGAD special envoy General Lazarus Sumbeiywo of Kenya called on the parties to demonstrate the necessary political will during the fresh round of talks to end what he described as a “year of horror and tragedy”. The two conflicting parties have engaged in fresh clashes recent weeks, in violation of a cessation of hostilities agreement signed in January and recommitted to in May.
Regional Strategic Overview
The Common Humanitarian Fund (CHF) has allocated $60 million to get the humanitarian response for 2015 off to a timely start. The money will support aid agencies to take maximum advantage of the onset of South Sudan’s dry season, during which aid agencies plan to use roads to deliver aid to as many people as possible.
• UNHCR has registered 115,572 South Sudanese refugees in Sudan.
• HAC estimates that 14,000 people are reportedly displaced and may require humanitarian aid in West Kordofan following intra-communal violence in late November.
• Dengue fever cases in North Darfur have reached 132, including three deaths.
• The People with Special Needs (PWSN) project is targeting an estimated 15,000 people in North Darfur with assistance in 2014.
Displaced people in Sudan 2.9 million
WORKING WITH PARTNERS
A dengue fever outbreak in Sudan’s Darfur region had resulted in 137 reported cases as of December 14.
Hostilities continue to result in deaths and injuries in Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N)-controlled parts of Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states.
Conflict-affected individuals from South Sudan continue to arrive in Sudan.
Snapshot 10–16 December
Iraq: 700,000 IDPs, mostly in Dahuk and Anbar governorates, are living in shelters that are not adapted for winter temperatures. 945,000 IDPs are in dire need of kerosene for heating.
Afghanistan: Kabul has been hit by at least 12 suicide attacks since early November, with more attacks also carried out elsewhere, fuelling concerns about the protection of civilians.
Leitchour refugee camp has been underwater since the rains began this past June. Now the rains are over, bringing some reprieve to the more than 47 000 refugees living here. The expansive floodplain, dotted with white tents and huddles of round huts, is still extensively flooded. Refugees and villagers have to wade through knee-high dark brown waters. But they say it is now much better - at the peak of the rainy season, movement was impossible, except by boat.
A wretched camp
As at 10th December 2014, Kakuma had received 44,575 asylum seekers from South Sudan. This brings the total camp population to 179,336. As at 8th December 177,821 refugees had been registered by UNHCR and DRA, with South Sudanese making up 49% of the registered population.
● Partners finalized the planning process for 2015. The Humanitarian Response Plan for 2015 seeks $1.8 billion to assist 4.1 million people.
● Fighting continued to be reported in Fangak, Jonglei State, displacing thousands of people to different locations.
● Tuberculosis, HIV and AIDS were the most common causes of death during the month of November in displacement and Protection of Civilian sites.
● Fourth round of nationwide polio immunization campaign reached 2,431,388 out of the targeted 3.3 million children.
Almost a full year of conflict (15 December 2013) has devastated the lives of the majority of South Sudan’s people, killed tens of thousands and ravaged key parts of the country. 2014 has been a year of violence, abuse and displacement which has forced almost two million people from their homes. The conflict has been brutal: killings, rape, destruction and the loss of livelihoods have left open wounds which will take much time to heal.
One year on from the start of the conflict in South Sudan, the situation for millions of people remains bleak. CAFOD partner Caritas Malakal reports that there has been an upsurge in violence since the end of rainy season in October. Fighting has been witnessed in Upper Nile, Unity and Jonglei states, resulting in people fleeing.
The Devastation of War
On the night of December 15, 2013, shots rang out in Juba, the capital of South Sudan. What started as a political rivalry between President Salva Kiir and his former vice President Riek Machar had reached its boiling point. Forces loyal to Machar broke away from the military and fighting quickly spread throughout Juba and then into other areas of South Sudan.
In preparation for the imminent relocation of South Sudanese new arrivals to the new Bantiu site in Khartoum, shelter construction materials have now been delivered and NFIs will be dispatched shortly from the UNHCR warehouse. Plot demarcation and excavation of latrines is also on-going. Shelter and WASH gaps remain a major challenge in White Nile State (see details below) given continued congestion of all four existing sites. This is expected to be partially alleviated with the opening of the two new locations (El Redis 2 and Debat Bosin).
An escalation of violence perpetrated by groups of young men in the PoC Market areas in Malakal has become a grave concern for humanitarian agencies working there.
Tribal tensions remain very high in Malakal’s PoC site with Force Protection Unit (FPU) maintaining a visible presence to quell attempts at physical violence.
Three field missions were undertaken by UNHCR to Kajo Keji tasked with protection monitoring on returnees from Uganda and preparation for WFP food distribution to the group.