- OCHA South Sudan Crisis Situation Report #79, 19 March 2015
- Report on the human rights situation in South Sudan - Report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (A/HRC/28/49) (Advance Unedited Version)
- FEWSNET Food Security Outlook January 2015 to September 2015
Appeals & Funding
- South Sudan Humanitarian Response Plan 2015
- CHF (Common Humanitarian Fund)
- Guide to Giving: Key ways of contributing to the crisis response in South Sudan
The humanitarian situation remains fluid and unpredictable with the health response concentrated in the Protection of Civilians (PoC) sites.
WHO has updated its mass casualty plan and prepositioned trauma kits and emergency medicines in light of continued fighting in Bentiu, Unity State.
WHO and health partners immunised more than 2.4 million children under-5 years in the seven stable states with the oral polio vaccine (OPV) in the first round of National Immunisation Days (NID).
1. Executive Summary
The Kenya refugee operation is often cited as an example of a protracted refugee situation with traditional refugee camps in place for the past 20 or so years. In the last four years, however, the operation has been anything but static in responding to two major influxes from neighbouring countries while undergoing a transition in terms of partnerships and innovations in assistance delivery.
Snapshot 18-24 March 2015
Syria: The Government carried out over 10,000 airstrikes between October and March, dropping more than 5,300 barrel bombs and killing almost 2,200 civilians. A chlorine attack on 16 March in Idleb killed six people.
Snapshot 11–17 March 2015
Vanuatu: 24 people are confirmed dead so far after Tropical Cyclone Pam hit on 13 March. Shefa, Tafea, Malampa, and Penama are among the worst affected provinces. Access challenges are significant.
Cameroon: The number of people internally displaced in the north has almost doubled since 10 February, to 117,000. This brings the number of displaced in Cameroon to an estimated 412,700, including 66,000 fleeing Boko Haram violence in Nigeria and the rest from the Central African Republic.
Migration has been and always will be a fact of life; we have to ensure that it is also a safe process that does not negatively impact the health of migrants and host communities. Population mobility influences, guides and supports economic and social development, social stability, and the greater integration of global processes in countries of origin, transit, destination and return. The healthier migrants are, the more efficient and balanced the future of our integrated and globalized world will be.
Iraq: 26,000 people have fled fighting between Islamic State and Iraqi security forces in Tikrit for Samarra. Food, shelter, health and WASH needs are priorities. More than 100 families have arrived in Al Dour, located between Tikrit and Samarra, and thousands have fled to central and southern governorates.
South Sudan: Heavy fighting between government and opposition was reported in Upper Nile state, and government troops took control of Wadakona town. Many civilians are reported trapped. Peace talks have collapsed.
Afghanistan: Heavy snowfall has caused avalanches in northern, central and eastern Afghanistan; 280 people have died. Panshir province is most affected. Communication lines have been disrupted in places, power supplies to Kabul have been cut. Priority needs are for NFIs and emergency shelter; access to isolated areas is difficult.
Snapshot 18-24 February 2015
Myanmar: 90,000 people are now reported to have been displaced by continuing violence between government troops and multiple armed groups in Kokang, Shan state. Aid organisations have been subject to attack – seven people were wounded in two separate incidents.
1 . The present report is submitted pursuant to Security Council resolution 2187 (2014), by which the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) until 30 May 2015 and requested that I report on the implementation of the Mission’s mandate by no later than 16 February 2015. The report provides an update to my previous report (S/2014/821), dated 18 November 2014, covering developments from that date to 10 February 2015.
II. Political developments South Sudan peace process
Snapshot 11–17 February 2015
Myanmar: Fighting between the Myanmar army and the MNDAA, an insurgent group in the Kokang area of Shan state, displaced tens of thousands of people. Some fled into central Myanmar, while between 30,000 and 50,000 are thought to have crossed into Nansan, Yunnan province, China.
● UN Humanitarian Chief Valerie Amos and UNESCO Special Envoy Forest Whitaker traveled to Nairobi for the OCHA-IGAD HighLevel Event on the Humanitarian Crisis in South Sudan and its impact on the Region. At the conference, $529 million in new funding was pledged to support the humanitarian response to the South Sudan crisis.
● Bentiu site cleared: In Unity state, Mine Action teams worked on the Bentiu PoC extension site, declaring the area clear this week.
Security around Bentiu was unpredictable.
39 Child friendly space operational (emergency)
270 SGBV incidents reported across the 3 emergency locations in 2014
100% Newly arrived refugees registered 759,453 Health consultation in 2014 of which 39% were nationals
Snapshot 4–10 February 2015
Guinea: An increase in Ebola case numbers has been reported for the second consecutive week. Resistance to the response remains high in Forecariah, worst affected by the outbreak; though ten prefectures have reported at least one incident of resistance. Clashes between armed forces and the community were reported in Matoto, Conakry.
Snapshot 28 January – 3 February 2015
DRC: 30,000 refugees have fled CAR for Equateur province since December. In North Kivu, 18,000 new IDPs need humanitarian assistance; another 21,000 are in need in South Kivu. Nationwide, food security is worsening: over one-third of territories are in Crisis or Emergency phases.
Snapshot 21-27 January
Nigeria: Boko Haram attacks continue, with Borno state capital Maiduguri and nearby military bases targeted on 25 January. Security forces pushed BH back from Maiduguri, but further attacks are expected. BH also raided villages in Michika local government area, Adamawa state. There are reports that BH has forbidden the use of vehicles in areas under its control.
23 January 2015 - To enhance safety mechanisms for internally displaced persons (IDPs) in UNMISS protection sites, UN Police (UNPOL) advisors today completed a training for a community watch group in Juba.
The four-day course focused on gender, child protection, rights of women and children, local justice to deal with minor issues and crimes, dispute resolution, and benefits of visible patrols and community reassurance.
● Partners scaled up social mobilization campaigns in Akobo, Awerial, Maban and Raja-Juba to improve school enrollment.
● The post-harvest food security assessment (second harvest of the year 2014) in the Equatorial region was completed and results will be issued shortly.
● Plans are underway to respond to livestock disease outbreak in Turkei, Unity State where an estimated 35 per cent of cattle herds were affected by an unknown disease and about 30 per cent of the affected cattle have died between July and mid-December 2014.
The security situation in the country remained calm generally. However, intermittent clashes were reported in some parts of Unity and Upper Nile States.
Efforts to reach political solution on the crisis continued by the Government and opposition, with mediation by the Intergovernmental Agency for Development (IGAD) and the international community.
Humanitarian needs remain high in the IDP sites. More than 1.5 million remain displaced in the country since the outbreak of the conflict in December 2013.
Snapshot 14–20 January
Cameroon: 50,000 people are estimated displaced due to the recent increase in Boko Haram (BH) attacks in the northern regions. In the past week, an attack on a military base in Kolofata resulted in 143 BH killed, subsequently, BH kidnapped 80 people from one village – with three killed and 24 later released. The conflict has escalated regionally, with Chad pledging military support in Cameroon’s fight against Boko Haram.
● Assessment mission in Northern Jonglei reported an estimated 44,000 people in need, with flooding and livestock deaths negatively affecting food security.
● A humanitarian barge heading to Malakal/Melut was dispatched from Juba on 10 January.