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05 Oct 2015 description
report The Global Fund

I. Background

The Republic of South Sudan became the world’s newest nation and Africa’s 55th country, following a referendum in January 2011 when it seceded from the Republic of Sudan. It is a federal state composed of 10 states and 79 counties with an estimated population of 11.3 million. South Sudan faces security challenges particularly in the states of Unity, Jonglei and Upper Nile which continue to experience outbreaks of conflict.

Disease burden in South Sudan

02 Oct 2015 description

- On 29 September, South Sudan’s Vice-President, Mr. James Wani Igga, and the representative of the Former Detainees Group (FDG), Mr. Pagan Amum, attended the high-level meeting on South Sudan organized on the sidelines of 70th session of the General Assembly in New York (USA). President Salva Kiir joined the meeting via teleconference. All leaders issued statements committing to fully implement the peace agreement signed in August 2015.

29 Sep 2015 description

El Salvador: More than 100,000 farmers are estimated to be affected by crop losses due to a prolonged dry-spell. Up to 60% of the total maize crop has been lost in the affected areas. An estimated 156,000 people are facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food security outcomes, mainly in eastern and western regions.

22 Sep 2015 description

Bangladesh: 1.5 million people are affected by flooding, which has displaced around 320,000 people in the areas of Cox's Bazar, Chittagong, and Bandarban. Shelter, WASH and food security are key priorities. 15 out 24 rivers are over danger levels as heavy rainfall continues.

Libya: An estimated 2,244 people have died this year as a result of conflict, and nearly one-third of the country’s population is affected. Humanitarian access remains severely restricted.

15 Sep 2015 description

Snapshot 9–15 September 2015

Afghanistan: The number of severely food insecure has risen to 1.5 million people, according to a new assessment. 7.3 million people are moderately food insecure. Food security among IDPs is worsening, with around 200,000 people reported to be in need of immediate assistance.

08 Sep 2015 description

Snapshot 2–8 September 2015

Yemen: The health system in Taizz governorate is close to collapse. All public hospitals have closed, and the remaining health facilities are overwhelmed by severely injured people as well as a dengue outbreak. Access remains severely restricted across the country. Hudaydah port, the main entry point for humanitarian supplies in north and central Yemen, remains closed, and road transport from Aden port to northern governorates remains limited.

01 Sep 2015 description

Snapshot 25 August–1 September 2015

Papua New Guinea: 1.8 million people have been affected by prolonged dry spell and frost in the Highlands region; 1.3 million are reported to be most at risk. Crops have been destroyed, and several chools and health facilities have been closed due to water shortages. The affected population is reported to be resorting to less reliable sources of drinking water.

28 Aug 2015 description

Summary Indicators

South Sudan is a landlocked country of approximately 640,000km2 . It was formed in 2011, gaining independence from Sudan. It is bordered by Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Democratic Republic of Congo, and Central African Republic. Abyei region is claimed by both Sudan and South Sudan, with its final status pending negotiations between the two countries (CIA Factbook, 2015). The country is divided into 10 states, with the capital being Juba.

27 Aug 2015 description

Snapshot 11 August – 25 August 2015

Haiti: Insecurity has increased since legislative elections. Violence and intimidation were reported at many polling stations and a second round of voting is planned, following low voter turnout. Food security has deteriorated as a result of prolonged drought conditions since the beginning of 2015: poor households in Sud, Sud-Est, Nord-Est and Artibonite will remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food security outcomes through December. Recent cholera rates are triple those of the comparable time period in 2014.

24 Aug 2015 description

Contextual Background

Historical background

Jewi Refugee Camp was established on 15 March 2015 and hosting refugee relocated from Leitchuor and Nip Nip camps following the floods that left refugees in both locations homeless. This led to establishment of the camp which offered home for refugees to settle and live in safety and dignity. Leitchuor camp was established in late January in 2014 and received refugees relocated from Ethiopian border entry points of Akobo, Pagak, Burbiey, Pochalla.

Areas of Origin

18 Aug 2015 description

Snapshot 12 August –18 August 2015

Yemen: The humanitarian situation in Yemen continues to deteriorate. 1.4 million people have become displaced since conflict escalated in March – a 12% increase since early July. Fuel shortages and access issues continue to affect provision of health services. 23% of Yemen’s health facilities are either partially funtional or non-functional.

13 Aug 2015 description

Contextual Background

Pattern in Population Change

As the refugee camps in Gambella quickly reached their capacity, Kule Refugee Camp was opened on 17 May 2014 to receive the new arrivals, transiting mainly from Akobo, Pagak and Burbiey entry points.

12 Aug 2015 description


Kambioos is the newest of the five Dadaab camps. It was established in August 2011 and officially recognized by the Kenyan government in January 2013. The camp was originally planned for a population of 100,000 and can help reduce the population pressure in other camps. Relocation of people from the overcrowded outskirts of Hagadera has started and Kambioos has been receiving urban refugee from Nairobi.

12 Aug 2015 description


Established in 1991, Ifo is the oldest of the five refugee camps in Dadaab, currently accommodating refugees from ten countries. Due to the influx of new arrivals fleeing war and famine in Somalia in 2010/11, the neighbouring Ifo 2 camp was established in 2011 to decrease population pressure in Ifo.

12 Aug 2015 description


Ifo 2 is one of the newest refugee camps in Dadaab. It was opened in July 2011, to decongest Ifo and Dagahaley camps. Ifo 2 is divided into two sub-camps, Ifo 2 East and Ifo 2 West, and demarcated into 18 sections comprising of four to nine blocks each.

11 Aug 2015 description

Snapshot 5-11 August 2015

Burkina Faso: Heavy floods in Ouagadougou, Kadiogo province, and Bobo-Dioulasso, Houet province, in early August affected around 19,780 people. Significant damage to houses and food stocks were reported. Additional flooding in the north could bring the total number of affected to 122,000. More than 1.5 million people are facing Stressed or Crisis food security outcomes in Burkina Faso, especially in the Sahel region in the north.

08 Aug 2015 description
report UN Population Fund

The security situation remains tense countrywide. Intermittent clashes were reported in some states early this month, coupled with intercommunal fighting, mainly due to cattle rustling. These incidents continue to hamper the efforts of aid organizations to respond to the escalating needs.

28 Jul 2015 description

Snapshot 22–28 July 2015

Somalia: More than 10,000 people have been displaced in Lower Shabelle and Bay regions since AMISOM and Somali armed forces began their offensive. Al Shabaab has lost control of Bardhere in Gedo and Dinsoor in Bay. In accessible areas of Hudur town, Bakool, 33% GAM and 19% SAM were observed in a MUAC assessment in July – a significant deterioration since June. Very critical malnutrition rates persist in Bulo Burde, Hiraan.

27 Jul 2015 description
report UN Children's Fund


  • While the overall nutrition situation is showing improvement in coastal, North West and South East Counties with an expected decrease in the acutely malnourished children requiring treatment, the nutrition situation is expected to worsen in Isiolo, Garissa, Mandera and Wajir counties as a result of poor rains. The total caseload for acutely malnourished children requiring treatment in the ASAL and urban areas is expected to decrease from 304,083 as of February 2015 driven by improvements observed across ASAL counties.

21 Jul 2015 description

Snapshot 15–21 July 2015

Iraq: More than 74,440 people have been displaced from Saqlawiyah in Falluja district since 8 July, and tens of thousands reportedly remain trapped in Falluja and Ramadi districts. There are now more than 3.1 million IDPs across 3,613 locations in Iraq; 300,000 people have been displaced from and within Anbar since military operations began in April.