- OCHA: South Sudan Humanitarian Bulletin | Biweekly Update 31 August 2015
- Interim report of the Panel of Experts on South Sudan established pursuant to Security Council resolution 2206 (2015) (S/2015/656), 21 Aug 2015
- Under-Secretary-General Stephen O’Brien Briefing to the Security Council: The Humanitarian situation in South Sudan, 25 Aug 2015
Appeals & Funding
- Common Humanitarian Fund (CHF) in 2015 PDF XLS
- South Sudan Humanitarian Response Plan 2015: Midyear Update
- IOM South Sudan: 2015 Midyear Crisis Appeal
- Guide to Giving: Key ways of contributing to the crisis response in South Sudan
Snapshot 25 August–1 September 2015
Papua New Guinea: 1.8 million people have been affected by prolonged dry spell and frost in the Highlands region; 1.3 million are reported to be most at risk. Crops have been destroyed, and several chools and health facilities have been closed due to water shortages. The affected population is reported to be resorting to less reliable sources of drinking water.
South Sudan is a landlocked country of approximately 640,000km2 . It was formed in 2011, gaining independence from Sudan. It is bordered by Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Democratic Republic of Congo, and Central African Republic. Abyei region is claimed by both Sudan and South Sudan, with its final status pending negotiations between the two countries (CIA Factbook, 2015). The country is divided into 10 states, with the capital being Juba.
Snapshot 11 August – 25 August 2015
Haiti: Insecurity has increased since legislative elections. Violence and intimidation were reported at many polling stations and a second round of voting is planned, following low voter turnout. Food security has deteriorated as a result of prolonged drought conditions since the beginning of 2015: poor households in Sud, Sud-Est, Nord-Est and Artibonite will remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food security outcomes through December. Recent cholera rates are triple those of the comparable time period in 2014.
Jewi Refugee Camp was established on 15 March 2015 and hosting refugee relocated from Leitchuor and Nip Nip camps following the floods that left refugees in both locations homeless. This led to establishment of the camp which offered home for refugees to settle and live in safety and dignity. Leitchuor camp was established in late January in 2014 and received refugees relocated from Ethiopian border entry points of Akobo, Pagak, Burbiey, Pochalla.
Areas of Origin
Snapshot 12 August –18 August 2015
Yemen: The humanitarian situation in Yemen continues to deteriorate. 1.4 million people have become displaced since conflict escalated in March – a 12% increase since early July. Fuel shortages and access issues continue to affect provision of health services. 23% of Yemen’s health facilities are either partially funtional or non-functional.
Pattern in Population Change
As the refugee camps in Gambella quickly reached their capacity, Kule Refugee Camp was opened on 17 May 2014 to receive the new arrivals, transiting mainly from Akobo, Pagak and Burbiey entry points.
Kambioos is the newest of the five Dadaab camps. It was established in August 2011 and officially recognized by the Kenyan government in January 2013. The camp was originally planned for a population of 100,000 and can help reduce the population pressure in other camps. Relocation of people from the overcrowded outskirts of Hagadera has started and Kambioos has been receiving urban refugee from Nairobi.
Established in 1991, Ifo is the oldest of the five refugee camps in Dadaab, currently accommodating refugees from ten countries. Due to the influx of new arrivals fleeing war and famine in Somalia in 2010/11, the neighbouring Ifo 2 camp was established in 2011 to decrease population pressure in Ifo.
Ifo 2 is one of the newest refugee camps in Dadaab. It was opened in July 2011, to decongest Ifo and Dagahaley camps. Ifo 2 is divided into two sub-camps, Ifo 2 East and Ifo 2 West, and demarcated into 18 sections comprising of four to nine blocks each.
Snapshot 5-11 August 2015
Burkina Faso: Heavy floods in Ouagadougou, Kadiogo province, and Bobo-Dioulasso, Houet province, in early August affected around 19,780 people. Significant damage to houses and food stocks were reported. Additional flooding in the north could bring the total number of affected to 122,000. More than 1.5 million people are facing Stressed or Crisis food security outcomes in Burkina Faso, especially in the Sahel region in the north.
The security situation remains tense countrywide. Intermittent clashes were reported in some states early this month, coupled with intercommunal fighting, mainly due to cattle rustling. These incidents continue to hamper the efforts of aid organizations to respond to the escalating needs.
Snapshot 22–28 July 2015
Somalia: More than 10,000 people have been displaced in Lower Shabelle and Bay regions since AMISOM and Somali armed forces began their offensive. Al Shabaab has lost control of Bardhere in Gedo and Dinsoor in Bay. In accessible areas of Hudur town, Bakool, 33% GAM and 19% SAM were observed in a MUAC assessment in July – a significant deterioration since June. Very critical malnutrition rates persist in Bulo Burde, Hiraan.
While the overall nutrition situation is showing improvement in coastal, North West and South East Counties with an expected decrease in the acutely malnourished children requiring treatment, the nutrition situation is expected to worsen in Isiolo, Garissa, Mandera and Wajir counties as a result of poor rains. The total caseload for acutely malnourished children requiring treatment in the ASAL and urban areas is expected to decrease from 304,083 as of February 2015 driven by improvements observed across ASAL counties.
Snapshot 15–21 July 2015
Iraq: More than 74,440 people have been displaced from Saqlawiyah in Falluja district since 8 July, and tens of thousands reportedly remain trapped in Falluja and Ramadi districts. There are now more than 3.1 million IDPs across 3,613 locations in Iraq; 300,000 people have been displaced from and within Anbar since military operations began in April.
Pattern in Population Change
- As the refugee camps in Gambella quickly reached their capacity, Kule Refugee Camp was opened on 17 May 2014 to receive the new arrivals, transiting mainly from Akobo, Pagak and Burbiey entry points.
Areas of Origin
- The population is primarily comprised of refugees originating from South Sudan’s Unity, Upper Nile and Jonglei states.
Snapshot 8–14 July 2015
Yemen: More than 1,500 civilians have been killed since conflict began to escalate in March, and airstrikes and fighting continue despite the agreement to a six-day humanitarian pause over 11–17 July. There are now 1.26 million IDPs in the country – a 24% increase since mid-June. Only 20% of the fuel needed is available in the country, which is impacting upon all basic needs.
Snapshot 1–7 July 2015
Syria: Civilian deaths made up 81% of the total death toll in June, which was 2,137, bringing the total number of people killed so far in 2015 to 11,000. 705,000 people have been displaced in the first five months of this year: 439,000 were internally displaced, and the vast majority of the rest fled to Turkey.
Snapshot 24–30 June 2015
Burundi: Turnout at the parliamentary elections was low. Voting stations were targeted and there was a spate of grenade attacks in the capital: several people were injured. Around 1,000 Burundians are leaving the country every day: 62,000 refugees are now in Tanzania, 45,000 in Rwanda, and 10,600 in DRC.
South Sudan: Households in some areas of Unity and Upper Nile states are suspected to be facing Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) food security outcomes. 5–8% of the country’s population are suffering severe acute malnutrition.
The Humanitarian Requirements Document for 2015 has been endorsed and released. About 2.9 million people need emergency support until June 2015. From the total about 38 and 31 percent are from Oromia and Somali region which constitute 70 per-cent of the caseload..
For the 2014/2015 marketing season, WFP has signed contracts with 30 Purchase for Progress cooperative unions of Amhara, Oromiya and SNNPR regions for the delivery of 30,000mt of local maize.