- WFP: South Sudan Situation Report #61, 26 Jan 2015
- OCHA South Sudan Crisis Situation Report No. 71 (as of 22 Jan 2015)
- UNMISS: Attacks on Civilians in Bentiu & Bor April 2014
Appeals & Funding
South Sudan Humanitarian Response Plan 2015 South Sudan Consolidated Appeal 2014-2016 CHF (Common Humanitarian Fund) Guide to Giving: Key ways of contributing to the crisis response in South Sudan
Snapshot 21-27 January
Nigeria: Boko Haram attacks continue, with Borno state capital Maiduguri and nearby military bases targeted on 25 January. Security forces pushed BH back from Maiduguri, but further attacks are expected. BH also raided villages in Michika local government area, Adamawa state. There are reports that BH has forbidden the use of vehicles in areas under its control.
23 January 2015 - To enhance safety mechanisms for internally displaced persons (IDPs) in UNMISS protection sites, UN Police (UNPOL) advisors today completed a training for a community watch group in Juba.
The four-day course focused on gender, child protection, rights of women and children, local justice to deal with minor issues and crimes, dispute resolution, and benefits of visible patrols and community reassurance.
● Partners scaled up social mobilization campaigns in Akobo, Awerial, Maban and Raja-Juba to improve school enrollment.
● The post-harvest food security assessment (second harvest of the year 2014) in the Equatorial region was completed and results will be issued shortly.
● Plans are underway to respond to livestock disease outbreak in Turkei, Unity State where an estimated 35 per cent of cattle herds were affected by an unknown disease and about 30 per cent of the affected cattle have died between July and mid-December 2014.
The security situation in the country remained calm generally. However, intermittent clashes were reported in some parts of Unity and Upper Nile States.
Efforts to reach political solution on the crisis continued by the Government and opposition, with mediation by the Intergovernmental Agency for Development (IGAD) and the international community.
Humanitarian needs remain high in the IDP sites. More than 1.5 million remain displaced in the country since the outbreak of the conflict in December 2013.
Snapshot 14–20 January
Cameroon: 50,000 people are estimated displaced due to the recent increase in Boko Haram (BH) attacks in the northern regions. In the past week, an attack on a military base in Kolofata resulted in 143 BH killed, subsequently, BH kidnapped 80 people from one village – with three killed and 24 later released. The conflict has escalated regionally, with Chad pledging military support in Cameroon’s fight against Boko Haram.
● Assessment mission in Northern Jonglei reported an estimated 44,000 people in need, with flooding and livestock deaths negatively affecting food security.
● A humanitarian barge heading to Malakal/Melut was dispatched from Juba on 10 January.
Nigeria: Violence has escalated significantly in the northeast. Boko Haram killed more than 2,100 people in the first 11 days of the year. Most were killed in an attack on the town of Baga and surrounding settlements in Borno state, on Lake Chad. Up to 20,000 people were displaced. Other attacks took place in Maiduguri, Damaturu, and Potiskum.
The country generally experienced an uneasy calm during the festive season but some areas had various types of disturbances. Intermittent fighting was reported in the hotspot States among armed groups, especially in Unity and Upper Nile States. The warring parties continue accusing each other of triggering the recent clashes that erupted in Unity and Upper Nile states. The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) has strongly condemned the renewed violence and appeal to the belligerents for an immediate ceasefire.
Fighting in Cueibet County, Lakes State resulted in 36 deaths and 55 casualties.
Humanitarian partners are supporting the management of the wounded.
A shortage of blood and blood products has been reported across the conflict-affected states. There is need to step up campaigns that encourage voluntary, non-remunerated blood donations by the public.
• AIDS-related deaths are on the rise among conflict affected people.
• An unprecedented displacement of cattle threatens food security and livelihoods throughout the country.
• The Humanitarian Response Plan for 2015 aims to reach 4.1 million people with humanitarian assistance to save lives and alleviate suffering, protect rights, and improve self-reliance.
• A US $60 million allocation from the South Sudan Common Humanitarian Fund kickstarted funding for 2015.
Snapshot 17 December – 6 January
Nigeria: A series of suspected Boko Haram attacks in Borno and neighbouring states have resulted in more than 80 deaths, 225 kidnapped, hundreds of homes burneds and thousands displaced.
Central African Republic: Nearly 200,000 people need nutrition assistance. Over 36,000 people are trapped in seven enclaves across the country; a group of 474 Fulani who fled to Yaloke months ago and now cannot leave are in particular need.
● Around 1.4 million people are displaced within South Sudan. Another 488,500 have fled to neighboring countries
● Acute respiratory infection surpassed malaria as the main cause of illness among displaced people.
● The conflict has caused unprecedented displacement of millions of cattle from conflict-affected areas into areas outside usual pastoral lands, challenging local power structures, affecting natural resource availability and altering disease patterns.
Regional Strategic Overview
More than 3.4 milion children under-5 years were vacinated against polio during the National Immunisation Days (NID) in November, surpasing the 3.2 milion target. Meanwhile, the final round of NIDs for 2014 tok place from 2 to 5 December.
The first round of a polio immunisation campaign targeting children under-15 years in the thre conflict-afected states of Jonglei, Unity and Uper Nile began on 5 December.
Snapshot 10–16 December
Iraq: 700,000 IDPs, mostly in Dahuk and Anbar governorates, are living in shelters that are not adapted for winter temperatures. 945,000 IDPs are in dire need of kerosene for heating.
Afghanistan: Kabul has been hit by at least 12 suicide attacks since early November, with more attacks also carried out elsewhere, fuelling concerns about the protection of civilians.
When Angelina Twoki Terso arrived at the Juba Teaching Hospital’s antenatal clinic in 2004, when one month pregnant with her third child, she met with an HIV counsellor but didn’t think there was a need to get tested for HIV. Ms Twoki thought only people who smoked, drank and did things that she considered immoral contracted HIV.
Snapshot 3–9 December
Philippines: Category 5 Typhoon Hagupit, locally known as Ruby, made landfall on 6 December over the town of Dolores in Eastern Samar province (Eastern Philippines). At least 49 of 81 provinces are potentially at high risk. The typhoon is moving very slowly, potentially subjecting each community in the path of the typhoon to high winds and torrential rainfall for much longer. 1.1 million people are affected.
First WFP barge movement crossing the Sudan/South Sudan border. Prepositioning efforts for operations in the northern states continue through the Northern corridor. The first consignment of food for the Sudan corridor, 4,200 mt, will begin moving across the border. This week 453 mt will be transported by barge from Kosti, Sudan to Renk and Melut, South Sudan.
As at 3rd December 2014, Kakuma had received 44,457 asylum seekers from South Sudan. This brings the total camp population to 179,218. As at 1 st December 177,454 refugees had been registered by UNHCR and DRA, with South Sudanese making up 49% of the registered population.
Niger: 10,000 refugees arrived in Diffa region from Damasack, Nigeria. Most were fleeing forced recruitment by Boko Haram, and some unaccompanied children were reported. More than 105,000 people have arrived from Nigeria since May 2013, and the rate is increasing. The newly displaced are in a critical situation, and Diffa faces serious gaps in service provision.