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United Nations, United States and European Union call for immediate action on South Sudan

The leaders issued a Call for Action on South Sudan urging immediate action on three critical fronts.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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Kenya + 2 others
ECHO Factsheet Kenya – April 2014

Humanitarian situation and needs

Key messages

  • Dadaab refugee camp - one of the largest in the world - hosts over 369 000 refugees, mostly from Somalia. Gaps in humanitarian assistance, especially in shelter, sanitation and protection, require urgent and sustained attention.
    The situation inside Dadaab and along the border with Somalia is volatile, leading to growing concerns for the safety of humanitarian workers.

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Clearing routes of landmines in South Sudan

The European Commission’s Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection department (ECHO), through its partner the United Nations Mine Action Service (UNMAS), has been working to clear routes of landmines and unexploded ordnance since 2012.

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South Sudan + 4 others
ECHO Factsheet – 1 April 2014 - South Sudan

Key messages

  • Humanitarian situation in South Sudan is grave ever since armed violence broke out in the capital Juba on 15 December 2013 and subsequently spread to several states in South Sudan. Over 800 000 people have been internally displaced and more than 250 000 have sought refuge in neighboring countries.
    The dead and the wounded are estimated to be in the tens of thousands. There are 4.9 million people in need of humanitarian assistance.

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Ethiopia + 1 other
Ethiopia - Refugees (ECHO Daily Flash - 29 March 2014)

Latest official figures of this week show that 77 135 South Sudanese refugees have arrived in Gambella. Existing camps are currently overburdened, services available are insufficient, and there is an increasing pressure to relocate refugees to camps further away from the border.

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12 March 2014: Central African Republic, South Sudan – Conflict/Displacement

Central African Republic - Conflict

• The security context remains tense and fragile, both in Bangui and in the provinces (especially in the Northern and North-Eastern parts of the country)

• Although the number of IDPs was decreasing by 16 per cent in a week (from 276 500 on 25 February to 232 000 on 4 March; source: OCHA) the humanitarian situation remains very complicated due to the negative impact of the security situation on the activities of the humanitarian actors, forcing them to scale down or even cancel some of their activities.

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ECHO Factsheet – 25 February 2014 - South Sudan

Key messages

  • The humanitarian situation has dramatically deteriorated as a result of the armed violence that broke out in the capital Juba on 15 December 2013, subsequently spreading to several states in South Sudan. Around 716 500 people have been internally displaced and 166 900 have sought refuge in neighboring countries. The dead and the wounded are estimated to be in the tens of thousands.

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South Sudan + 11 others
21 February 2014: Central and Horn of Africa – Conflict and Displacement

SUDAN: Humanitarian situation critical. Over 2 million IDP, 6.1 million in need. New arrivals from South Sudan may rise to 50 000 by the end of the year. ECHO has spent EUR140 million since 2011 in assistance to IDPs, refugees and people affected by natural disasters. (ECHO)

SOUTH SUDAN: Clashes continue in Unity, Jonglei,
Upper Nile. Up to 16 IDP killed and 120 wounded reported in the Protection of Civilians area in Malakal.

• Top three priorities: (1) Life-saving activities (2)
Helping people to plant (planting season March-April)

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Ethiopia + 1 other
Ethiopia – Refugees (ECHO Daily Flash 21 February 2014)

South Sudanese asylum seekers continue to arrive in Gambella, Ethiopia. Registrations have now re-started after a short interruption. The overall number is estimated to be at some 45 000.

The opening of an additional camp is currently being considered. Leitchuor camp is expected to reach its full capacity soon and is also at a higher risk of flooding.

Rapid nutritional screening of newly arriving children under the age of five showed Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) rates above the emergency threshold. ECHO partners are preparing for a comprehensive nutritional response.

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South Sudan – Conflict / Humanitarian Crisis (ECHO Daily Flash 21 February 2014)

Clashes continue to be reported in Unity, Jonglei and Upper Nile States.

In Malakal, the protection of civilian (PoC) area of the base of the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) has been caught in the middle of fighting between government and opposition forces. Reports mention up to sixteen deaths and 120 wounded among the internally displaced people (IDP). Before the fighting broke out in the capital of Upper Nile State, there were more than 21 500 IDP in the PoC.

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South Sudan + 1 other
South Sudan worsening humanitarian crisis: Hopes pinned on ceasefire

11/02/2014 – For Mawut, who lives in a refugee settlement in Adjumani, it is clear, “This is politics. The men know this.” he tells me, adding “But the women and children.” he pauses “they will fight it out and bring [their] differences here into the settlement.”

Mawut, a 23 year old South Sudanese refugee is talking about the political crisis in his country which has been marked by wide-spread abuses against civilians on the basis of political affiliation with ethnic undertones.

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11 February 2014: Central Africa – Humanitarian situation & flash floods

Democratic Republic of Congo - Humanitarian Crisis

Katanga Province

The humanitarian and security situation in Katanga province and in particular in the "Triangle of Death" (Manono-Pweto-Mitwaba) is seriously deteriorating with renewed ethnic clashes and fights between armed groups and the Congolese armed forces (FARDC). As a result, population movements are on the rise, with a total of 400.000 persons internally displaced in Katanga. Displaced people have been looted and villages burned down.

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South Sudan + 1 other
ECHO Factsheet – 4 February 2014 - South Sudan

Key messages

  • The humanitarian situation has rapidly deteriorated as a result of the armed violence that broke out in the capital Juba on 15 December 2013, subsequently spreading to several states in South Sudan. Around 740 000 people have been internally displaced and 123 400 have sought refuge in neighboring countries. The dead and the wounded are estimated in the tens of thousands.

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Uganda + 1 other
Thousands flee the killing fields of South Sudan

27/1/2014 – When Rebeka Chol arrived in central Uganda at the beginning of this year, her only thoughts were about the rest of her family still hiding in the United Nations (UN) compound in Juba. Fleeing the violence that recently erupted in South Sudan’s capital, Chol together with four children and five grandchildren, crossed the border in Nimule entering northern Uganda’s Elegu before arriving in Kiryandongo Settlement after a week of walking and travelling by bus.

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South Sudan: “We want to go back home, but fighting goes on”

Mingkaman is one of the many places where the Southern Sudanese displaced by conflict are hiding. It is a small village along the west bank of River Nile in LakesState.

On the other side of the river is Bor, the capital of Jonglei state. The most intense fighting has taken place here. As a result, the town and the nearby villages have all emptied. Most people have fled across the river.

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Iraq + 7 others
24 January 2014: World Events

SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC – Conflict

• Fierce fighting between armed opposition groups continues unabated in northern Syria. Clashes/suicide attacks (close to Turkish border) prompted daily closures and openings of crossing points by Turkish authorities. Movements of Syrians across the border into Turkey and internal displacement reported, especially in Ar-Raqqa and Hassakeh governorates (no exact figures available). Aleppo governorate: government forces have continued advancing, taking over some locations that had been formerly under rebel control.

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Indonesia + 10 others
23 January 2014: World events

SOUTH SUDAN - Conflict

34 children died of diarrhoea and suspected measles in the UNMISS Protection of Civilians area in Bor in the last seven days due to a lack of health workers who could not be deployed because of hostilities. More than 200 humanitarian aid workers had to be relocated over the last few days from various locations (mainly Malakal, Leer and Minkaman) because of hostilities and increased security risks. (ECHO)

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South Sudan + 1 other
ECHO Factsheet – 22 January 2014 - South Sudan

Key messages

  • The humanitarian situation has rapidly deteriorated as a result of the armed violence that broke out in the capital Juba on 15 December 2013, subsequently spreading to several states in South Sudan. Around 494 000 people have been internally displaced as a result of the current wave of violence. 86 100 have sought refuge in neighboring countries.

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South Sudan + 4 others
ECHO Factsheet –17 January 2014 - South Sudan

Key messages

  • The humanitarian situation has rapidly deteriorated as a result of the armed violence that broke out in the capital Juba on 15 December 2013, subsequently spreading to several states in South Sudan. Around 413 000 people have been internally displaced as a result of the current wave of violence. 78 000 have sought refuge in neighboring countries.