- South Sudan Crisis - Regional Impact Situation Report #63, 03 September 2015
- OCHA: South Sudan Humanitarian Bulletin | Biweekly Update 31 August 2015
- Interim report of the Panel of Experts on South Sudan established pursuant to Security Council resolution 2206 (2015) (S/2015/656), 21 Aug 2015
- Under-Secretary-General Stephen O’Brien Briefing to the Security Council: The Humanitarian situation in South Sudan, 25 Aug 2015
Appeals & Funding
- Common Humanitarian Fund (CHF) in 2015 PDF XLS
- South Sudan Humanitarian Response Plan 2015: Midyear Update
- IOM South Sudan: 2015 Midyear Crisis Appeal
- Guide to Giving: Key ways of contributing to the crisis response in South Sudan
The Greater Horn of Africa Climate Outlook Forum (GHACOF) is a regional interactive forum that brings together climate scientists, climate information users, experts, decision-makers from critical socio-economic sectors, governmental and non-governmental organisations, civil society to develop a regional climate outlook consensus for rainfall season and to formulate mitigation strategies to the implications of seasonal forecast on climate sensitive sectors of the region. The consensus outlooks are produced three times in a year for the periods of MarchMay,
The crop planting assessment, conducted by FAO and the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, Cooperatives and Rural Development in South Sudan, covers rainfall performance, area planted, input supply, agricultural activities as compared to the previous year, pests and diseases, household livestock, pastures and movement, and the general status of households in terms of stocks and market prices. This assessment covers the entire country; however, due to insecurity, some areas were not accessible.
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has a longstanding history in South Sudan, with both humanitarian and development programmes dating back to the pre-independence era. As part of FAO’s wider goals to end hunger, malnutrition and poverty in rural areas, efforts to build resilience of livelihoods in South Sudan is among its strategic objectives. One of the activities under this strategic objective is support in developing the capacities of livestock service delivery systems at all levels throughout the country.
The UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) leads global efforts to end hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition. In South Sudan, this entails closely linking short-term crisis response activities with longer-term development actions with the goal of helping millions of South Sudanese farmers, fishers and livestock owners to build resilient livelihoods. FAO’s support to the people of South Sudan has been longstanding.
The livestock crisis continues to deepen and spread in South Sudan. Last December, FAO warned of a “silent emergency” as the ongoing conflict and instability undermined the livelihoods of the country’s agropastoral communities. Today, continued massive displacement and recurrent insecurity, disrupted markets, reduced trade, soaring food prices and a widespread economic downturn have been detrimental for livestock owners.
Nicholas Kerandi is FAO South Sudan’s Agriculture and Food Security Information Consultant for Upper Nile State. Working under the Agriculture and Food Information System project, his job entails carrying out two to three food security and nutrition assessments per year, as well as establishing systems in all the counties to monitor market prices and rainfall for early warning purposes. He also sits in on various working groups that discuss humanitarian matters relevant to the communities with which he works.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Poor rainfall at start of 2015 cropping season delaying planting and affecting crop germination and establishment
Cereal prices stable at low levels except in conflict-affected areas
Food security significantly improved since 2014, but concerns remain in some conflict-affected areas
Most acute food insecure people remain among IDPs in Darfur and South Kordofan states
In Greater Equatoria, production prospects for first season crops to be harvested in August/September are mixed, due to dry weather conditions affecting several areas.
Planted area severely reduced in most conflict-affected counties due to worsening security conditions and massive displacement.
In South Sudan, the current demand for cooking fuels, and access to these resources, has huge implications for the environment and people’s well-being. The environmental risks associated with fuel wood use in the country are significant, given the damaging, long-term effects of over-exploiting natural forests. With these risks in mind, FAO and the Government of South Sudan launched a one-day consultative workshop on charcoal production and trade to raise awareness on the impact of charcoal production.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Unfavourable prospects for 2015 secondary “belg” season cereal crops
Poor livestock body conditions in most pastoral areas due to dry weather conditions affecting pasture and water
Cereal prices increasing in June due to progress of lean season coupled with unfavourable prospects for “belg” season
Food security conditions deteriorate in “belg” season dependent areas as well as in most pastoralist areas
Prospects for world cereal production in 2015 remain favourable, despite recent adverse weather conditions in some regions and continuing concerns over El Niño, with the global cereal supply and demand outlook for 2015/16 pointing to generally stable conditions.
Livestock play a vital role in the livelihoods of communities in the bordering countries of South Sudan and Uganda. However, when these animals are crossing from country to country, many can suffer from serious animal health issues, such as the spread of Foot and Mouth disease. There are also a range of negative socio-economic impacts caused by transboundary Animal Diseases or outbreaks during cross-border movement.
A major food crisis has enveloped South Sudan and continues to deteriorate at an alarming rate. In the first half of 2015, the prices of basic food commodities consistently increased, resulting in a nearly 30 percent rise in the cost of the minimum expenditure food basket. One worrying result is that now most urban poor people are spending up to 85 percent of their income on food, having an enormous impact on their food security.
With his hands full of tomatoes, Atiang Lual Yel took a break from his farm work to meet with a team from FAO South Sudan and the Swiss Development Fund (SDC). The SDC is a resource partner for the FAO-implemented project “Improved food security and livelihood development for agropastoral communities in Northern Bahr el-Ghazal and Warrap States.”
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Seasonal rains are forecast at average to above-average levels in most bi-modal central and southern areas, while below-average rainfall amounts are expected in rest of country
Significant decline in planted area expected in most conflict-affected states
Rising food prices in most markets
Worsening food security conditions in conflict-affected areas due to early depleted food stocks and high prices
Some 3.8 million people were estimated to be severely food insecure by April in South Sudan – 3 million in IPC Phase 3 (Crisis) and 800 000 in IPC Phase 4 (Emergency). The situation is rapidly deteriorating as the lean season peaks in July, with up to 4.6 million people facing severe food insecurity. Renewed violence in Unity and Upper Nile States in May forced UN agencies and partner NGOs to rapidly withdraw from the affected areas.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Mixed production prospects for 2015 “long-rains” season crops
Water deficits affect grazing resources in most northeastern pastoral and agro-pastoral areas
Since April, maize prices are on the rise in most markets
Acute food insecurity conditions remain in most southeastern and coastal agricultural areas as well as northeastern pastoral areas