Although slightly improving, the nutrition situation in Bentiu Protection of Civilian site remains of concern. The number of new admissions to outpatient therapeutic programme (OTP) centres in Bentiu POCs decreased from 126 last week to 124 this week. Analysis shows that 60 per cent of registered deaths in the PoC have been children under 6 months old, indicating a need to reinforce infant and young child feeding practices and neonatal care.
As of 22 July 2014, WHO has confirmed a total of 4,765 cholera cases including 109 deaths affecting five states: Central Equatoria, Eastern Equatoria, Western Equatoria, Jonglei and Upper Nile. The case fatality rate for the confirmed cases is 2.3 per cent, above the 1 per cent target.
As of 18 July, 173,752 South Sudanese asylum seekers have arrived in Gambella Region of Ethiopia. Nearly 90 per cent of the new arrivals have been relocated to refugee camps.
The SMART nutrition survey is completed in all the three camps. The preliminary findings show high level of malnutrition with GAM rates of 25.8%, 30.3% and 28.0% and SAM rates of 5.7%, 10.0% and 7.8% in Leitchor, Kule and Tierkidi refugee camps respectively.
• To date, 606,230 children under five years old have been screened for malnutrition, of which 41,677 (6.9%) were suffering from severe acute malnutrition (SAM) and 78,565 (13%) from moderate acute malnutrition (MAM). Twice as many children will need treatment for SAM this year than last, however, UNICEF has received only 32% of the funds it requires for its nutrition response.
South Sudan is facing a hunger catastrophe, with the number of children dying of malnutrition-related causes increasing drastically. An estimated 235,000 children under 5 will require treatment for severe acute malnutrition this year, twice as many as last year. To respond to this dire situation, UNICEF and WFP are stepping up rapid response missions to remote areas, as well as increasing partnerships, supplies and technical assistance. UNICEF urgently needs $29.8 million to scale up its nutrition response.
With UNICEF support, the Disaster Prevention and Preparedness and Bureaus in eight regions (Oromia, Amhara, Benishangul-Gumuz, Gambella, Afar, Somali, SNNPR, and Tigray) revised their 2014 multi-sectoral Emergency Preparedness and Response Plans during May and June 2014.
JUBA – UNICEF and the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) are stepping up joint missions to reach desperate people in remote areas of South Sudan where the number of children at risk of death from malnutrition-related causes has increased dramatically and a hunger catastrophe is looming.
Bentiu Protection of Civilian (PoC) areas continue to record an increasing number of malnourished children. A mass screening showed 4.9 per cent of children under five years suffer from severe acute malnutrition (SAM) and 15.9 per cent from moderate acute malnutrition (MAM). Children identified with SAM and MAM were referred to feeding programmes.
The poor health and nutritional status of new arrivals in the Bentiu PoC has contributed to increased deaths among children under-five, from 18 to 24, mostly due to preventable diseases such as diarrhoea, pneumonia, malnutrition, and malaria. UNICEF and partners are scaling up the integrated WASH, health and nutrition response inside the PoC to address this, and looking at expanding the response in affected locations throughout Unity State.
Education is more than just a fundamental right; it helps pave the way to a successful and productive future. More children are now taking part in early childhood education, which is critical for their developing brains. Globally, enrolment in early childhood education increased from 33 per cent in 1999 to 50 per cent in 2011.
As of 5 June, 141,900 South Sudanese have sought asylum in Gambella,
Ethiopia through Pagak, Akobo, Burubei, Matar, Raad, Pugnido and Wanke entry points. According to UNHCR, the majority of the new arrivals through Pagak are from Matiang, Maban and Maiwut while the majority of the refugees through Burbei are from Nasir.
· As of 9 June 2014, a total of 1,545 cholera cases including 37 deaths have been reported across the country. The outbreak has spread outside Juba with several suspected cases reported in other towns, namely Yei and Kajo Keji in Central Equatoria State. The case fatality rate remains above the emergency threshold at 2.4% (the emergency threshold is 1%). Four cases from Tomping and 3 cases from UN House PoCs have tested positive for cholera so far.