- OCHA South Sudan Crisis Situation Report No. 67 (as of 19 Dec 2014)
- OCHA Humanitarian Bulletin | Monthly Update - November 2014
- FIDH :“We fear the worst” : Breaking the cycle of violence and impunity in South Sudan to prevent chaos
Appeals & Funding
South Sudan Humanitarian Response Plan 2015 South Sudan Consolidated Appeal 2014-2016 CHF (Common Humanitarian Fund) Guide to Giving: Key ways of contributing to the crisis response in South Sudan
18 December 2014 – Peace negotiations between the South Sudanese government and the Opposition resumed on Thursday in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa. IGAD special envoy General Lazarus Sumbeiywo of Kenya called on the parties to demonstrate the necessary political will during the fresh round of talks to end what he described as a “year of horror and tragedy”. The two conflicting parties have engaged in fresh clashes recent weeks, in violation of a cessation of hostilities agreement signed in January and recommitted to in May.
The South Sudan Regional Refugee Response Plan was launched on 17 December in Nairobi by Ambassador Amina Mohammed, Cabinet Secretary Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Trade in front of an audience of donors, UN agencies and NGOs. The plan requests for USD 810 million to meet the needs of 821,000 South Sudanese refugees expected to have arrived in Ethiopia,
Kenya, Sudan and Uganda by the end of 2015.
Regional Strategic Overview
• The “short rains” / “Deyr” season of late 2014 has had mixed performance across East Africa. Northeast Kenya and southern Somalia have been affected by persistently drier than average conditions since the early stages of the season. The onset of the season was delayed, while in the worst affected areas no growing season conditions were detected.
Tracking food security trends in vulnerable countries
· According to the Food Security and Agriculture Cluster analyses, 9.8 million people in Syria need various types of food, agriculture and livelihood-related assistance.
· As fighting prevails in Iraq, an estimated 2.2 million people across the governorates of Anbar, Kirkuk, Diyala, Ninewa and Salah al-Din are in need of emergency food assistance.
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR JUNE 2015
Conflict continues to drive food insecurity in many areas of the region
About 12.4 million people in East Africa are in need of humanitarian assistance. As of November, the majority were in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) in northeastern Djibouti, eastern and northeastern Ethiopia, northern and eastern Kenya, southern and central Somalia, western and southern Sudan, and the Greater Upper Nile States in South Sudan. Significant populations remain Stressed (IPC Phase 2) in these countries and in Burundi, Rwanda, and northeastern Uganda.
Non-profit organization working to bring a permanent end to the violence of Joseph Kony’s Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) in Central and East Africa will launch Finishing Fund to underwrite protection programs, and Citizen Volunteer Network to continue activism efforts before closing the doors on US headquarters
Snapshot 10–16 December
Iraq: 700,000 IDPs, mostly in Dahuk and Anbar governorates, are living in shelters that are not adapted for winter temperatures. 945,000 IDPs are in dire need of kerosene for heating.
Afghanistan: Kabul has been hit by at least 12 suicide attacks since early November, with more attacks also carried out elsewhere, fuelling concerns about the protection of civilians.
Almost a full year of conflict (15 December 2013) has devastated the lives of the majority of South Sudan’s people, killed tens of thousands and ravaged key parts of the country. 2014 has been a year of violence, abuse and displacement which has forced almost two million people from their homes. The conflict has been brutal: killings, rape, destruction and the loss of livelihoods have left open wounds which will take much time to heal.
The Devastation of War
On the night of December 15, 2013, shots rang out in Juba, the capital of South Sudan. What started as a political rivalry between President Salva Kiir and his former vice President Riek Machar had reached its boiling point. Forces loyal to Machar broke away from the military and fighting quickly spread throughout Juba and then into other areas of South Sudan.
Thanks to contributions announced this week from Saudi Arabia and the United Kingdom, the regional shortfall has decreased substantially. However, WFP still urgently requires US$59 million in new resources to meet the needs of refugees in Uganda, Kenya, and Sudan for the next six-months.
Fears of renewed fighting and heightened tension, particularly in Eastern Equatoria, may result in increased number of people crossing into neighboring countries in the coming weeks. Over 500 people crossed into Uganda on 08 December alone.
World cereal production in 2014 is forecast to surpass last year’s record, boosting stocks to a 15-year high.
Maize export prices increased significantly in November supported by lower than previously expected yields of the 2014 crop in the United States of America. Wheat export prices strengthened in general, while rice quotations declined. Overall, however, cereal export prices persisted at levels below those of a year earlier, reflecting ample global supplies.
A total of 131,392 South Sudanese refugees have been assisted in Uganda since the influx began in mid-December 2013, including 82,981 in Adjumani, 12,054 in Arua, 29,802 in Kiryandongo and 6,5551 in Kampala.
An increase in the number of new arrivals from South Sudan to Uganda was has been observed since November 27th . This increase has been attributed to the 1 year anniversary of fighting and continued clashes in South Sudan.
Snapshot 3–9 December
Philippines: Category 5 Typhoon Hagupit, locally known as Ruby, made landfall on 6 December over the town of Dolores in Eastern Samar province (Eastern Philippines). At least 49 of 81 provinces are potentially at high risk. The typhoon is moving very slowly, potentially subjecting each community in the path of the typhoon to high winds and torrential rainfall for much longer. 1.1 million people are affected.
Seasonal outlook and impact on food security
There has been a general decrease in the number of food insecure people as harvests continue across the region. Following an extended dry period and delayed onset of rains, a large part of the arid, semi-arid lands (ASALs) have received below-average rainfall providing limited relief.
In the north of Madagascar, supplementary immunization activities are planned for December in response to the outbreak of circulating vaccine derived poliovirus. National Immunization Days are planned for January. The aim is to boost immunity across the country against all strains of poliovirus using trivalent oral polio vaccine.
For the first time ever, only 1 case of wild poliovirus has been reported in Africa in the last 4 months. The case had onset of paralysis on 11 August in Somalia.