Assemblée générale Soixante-huitième session Point 65 de l’ordre du jour Promotion et protection des droits de l’enfant
Conseil de sécurité Soixante-neuvième année
Soumis en application de la résolution 2068 (2012), par laquelle le Conseil de sécurité m’a prié de continuer à lui présenter, tous les ans, des rapports sur l’application de ses résolutions et des déclarations de son président concernant les enfants et les conflits armés, le présent rapport couvre la période allant de janvier à décembre 2013.
The present report, which covers the period from January to December 2013, is submitted pursuant to Security Council resolution 2068 (2012), by which the Council requested me to continue to submit annual reports on the implementation of its resolutions and presidential statements on children and armed conflict.
The massive increase was driven mainly by the war in Syria, while major displacements were seen in CAR and S. Sudan. UNHCR's annual report shows the immense costs of not ending wars and failing to resolve conflicts.
Un rapport publié aujourd’hui par le HCR montre que le nombre de réfugiés, de demandeurs d’asile et de personnes déplacées à l’intérieur de leur pays à travers le monde a dépassé les 50 millions de personnes pour la première fois depuis la Seconde Guerre mondiale.
On 22 May Thailand’s military seized power – having two days earlier declared martial law – dismissed the government and arrested hundreds of politicians, democracy activists and journalists. The coup followed several months of violent pro- and anti-government protests. On 7 May the Constitutional Court had sacked caretaker Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra over alleged abuse of power in a move her party decried as a “judicial coup”
The fourth edition of ‘Shelter Projects’, is launched at a time when shelter is more relevant than ever as an instrument of humanitarian response. The case studies in this edition reflect the on-going challenges posed by responses to complex emergencies such as Haiti and Pakistan as well as new challenges derived from unprecedented level of population displacement in Africa, Asia and in the Middle East.
The third issue of the new IPC Newsletter highlights important initiatives and technical developments undertaken at Global Level, among them the Launch of the IPC Global Strategic Programme and Vision (2014-2016), the 3rd Chronic Scale Synthesis Meeting, and the ISS Pilots in Tanzania and Honduras. It also features recent IPC impacts, results and progress achieved at Regional and Country Level in Africa, Asia and Latin America.
n South Sudan violence escalated ahead of the rainy season, despite the January ceasefire agreement between President Salva Kiir’s government and “SPLM/A-in-Opposition” rebels led by former Vice President Riek Machar. Talks have faltered as both sides instead seek military gains. The SPLM/A-in-Opposition’s advance towards lucrative oil fields in the north threatens an already fiscally fragile government. As security deteriorates, further involvement on the part of South Sudan’s neighbours – in particular Uganda and Sudan – is increasingly likely.
Burundi Constitutional Court 7 Jan partially invalidated provisions of controversial media-control law; Union of Burundian Journalists (UBJ) denounced restrictive measures still in effect. Opposition UPRONA 20 Jan declared intent to appeal to constitutional court over controversial land law passed in Dec.
UNSG 28 Jan proposed renewal of BNUB mandate despite govt resistance. “Quand plusieurs responsables de la CNTB sont de l’Uprona», IWACU, 20 Jan. 2014.
Geneva – A new publication by the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention Implementation Support Unit launched 23 January in Geneva, highlights the supporting role that national demining authorities can play in integrating landmine victim assistance into broader approaches to healthcare, disability and human rights.
Longstanding political divisions within South Sudan’s ruling Sudan Peoples Liberation Movement (SPLM) and the military (SPLA) escalated into factional fighting between army units that has brought the country to the brink of civil war (see Crisis Group’s recent statement and open letter to the UN Secretary-General). Violence rapidly spread beyond the capital, with armed groups targeting civilians based on their ethnicity; reports of over 1,000 dead are likely to be underestimates.
Cities of Dhaka, Mumbai, Manila, Kolkata, Bangkok most at risk
New research by global risk analytics company Maplecroft, has revealed that 31% of global economic output will be based in countries facing ‘high’ or ‘extreme risks’ from the impacts of climate change by the year 2025 – a 50% increase on current levels and more than double since the company began researching the issue in 2008.
In Syria, heavy fighting is ongoing in Rural Damascus, Dar’a, Aleppo, Idleb and Homs, with government forces making gains in Rural Damascus while the opposition has won ground in Dar’a. Despite the call of al-Qaeda’s leader for opposition fighters to unite, inter-group fighting has escalated in Aleppo over control for neighbourhoods. Meanwhile, the Syrian National Council announced that it did not intend to participate in the proposed Geneva II peace talks.