- UN Deputy Humanitarian Chief calls for peace, scaling up of aid in South Sudan
- WHO South Sudan Emergency Situation Report #42, 19 Nov 2014
- OCHA South Sudan Crisis Situation Report No. 62 (as of 14 Nov 2014)
Appeals & Funding
Dear Palais journalists
Following requests from several journalists, please find below my notes on the WHO preparedness missions to support countries get prepared to respond to any Ebola outbreak.
Given the evolving Ebola Virus situation, there is a risk of cases appearing in currently unaffected countries. With adequate levels of preparation however, such introductions can be contained before they develop into large outbreaks.
Low and poorly distributed seasonal Deyr rains have led to growing moisture deficits and deteriorating ground conditions throughout several local areas of southern Somalia, eastern Kenya, and coastal Tanzania. The persistence of below-average rainfall in November is likely to reduce crop growth and limit the regeneration of pasture.
Consistently above-average rainfall across parts of eastern Ethiopia have caused flooding downstream along the Juba and Shabelle River Basins in southern Somalia. Continued rainfall is expected to result in additional flooding.
In this issue, a general overview of outbreaks that occurred within the WHO African Region between January - September 2014 is provided as well as a summary of ongoing outbreaks as reported by Member States.
Overview of reported outbreaks in WHO African Region
Second-season dryness continues in Haiti, flooding risks remain in Central America and South Sudan
Africa Weather Hazards
As the rainy season in Senegal comes to an end and harvesting begins, reduced crop yields due to this summer’s poorly distributed rainfall and delayed onset of the rainy season in July could become evident.
Torrential rains continued across much of saturated and flood-affected South Sudan.
Bi-modal regions of the Gulf of Guinea observed a second week of below-average rain.
1) As the rainfall season ends across Senegal and harvesting begins, impacts from poorly distributed rains during the summer months and a delayed onset to the rainfall season in July which resulted in deteriorated conditions could impact crop yields.
Strong Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa, but Pockets of Difficulty
- Infrastructure, services, agriculture driving growth in most economies
- Positive outlook overshadowed by Ebola impact in affected countries
- Goals are high, inclusive growth and addressing fiscal risks in a few countries
Strong growth in the majority of sub-Saharan Africa’s economies should underpin a robust regional expansion in 2014 and 2015, the IMF said in its regional outlook.
Brazzaville, 10 October 2014 - The World Health Organization (WHO) and partner organizations meeting in Brazzaville have agreed on a range of core actions to support countries unaffected by Ebola in strengthening their preparedness in the event of an outbreak.
Building on national and international existing preparedness efforts, a set of tools is being developed to help any country to intensify and accelerate their readiness.
September rainfall will be particularly important in determining seasonal outcome for the Sahel
• The Sahel region has undergone significant and widespread rainfall deficits, leading to significantly below average vegetation levels.
• Worst affected areas are Senegal, southern Mauritania, eastern Niger, NE Nigeria and central Chad • There was some recovery from late July, in particular in Niger and Chad. However, Senegal and Mauritania remained affected by persistent rainfall deficits.
- Suppressed seasonal rains were received across the western Sahel during late August.
- Enhanced rains continued over western Ethiopia, eastern Sudan and eastern South Sudan.
1) Below-average rains during the Belg season and a late onset of the Kiremt rains have led to persistent moisture deficits, which have delayed planting and negatively affected the development of already-planted crops over the Arsi and West Arsi zones in central Oromia of central Ethiopia.
Contents of this issue:
29 August 2014, vol. 89, 35 (pp. 377-388)
- 377 Assessing and mitigating the risks of outbreaks due to wild poliovirus in polio-free African countries, 2013-2014
- 387 Monthly report on dracunculiasis cases, January- July 2014
29 août 2014, vol. 89, 35 (pp. 377-388)
- 377 Evaluation et atténuation du risque de flambée due à un poliovirus sauvage dans les pays africains exempts de poliomyélite, 2013-2014
- 387 Rapport mensuel des cas de dracunculose, janvier-juillet 2014
Severe dryness continues across Latin America and Haiti, with dryness and flooding in parts of Africa
Since early June, seasonal rainfall has been below average and infrequent across northeastern Nigeria, leading to growing moisture deficits. While there is a chance for some relief with increased rainfall forecast during the upcoming outlook period, anomalously dry ground conditions are expected to persist, which still may negatively impact developing crops later into the season.
- Below-average rains observed across western Sahel during late July.
- Wetness continues in Eastern Africa.
1) Since early June, seasonal rainfall has been both suppressed and infrequent across northeastern Nigeria leading to a strengthening of moisture deficits. While there is a chance for some relief with increased rainfall forecast during the upcoming outlook period, anomalously dry ground conditions are expected to persist, which still may negatively impact developing crops later into the season.
Heavy rains in parts of eastern Sudan resulted in flooding which damaged infrastructure.
Ground conditions continue to deteriorate due to poor rains in northeastern Nigeria, western Chad and Senegal.