- OCHA South Sudan Crisis Situation Report #82, 10 April 2015
- Report on the human rights situation in South Sudan - Report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (A/HRC/28/49) (Advance Unedited Version)
- FEWSNET Food Security Outlook January 2015 to September 2015
Appeals & Funding
- South Sudan Humanitarian Response Plan 2015
- CHF (Common Humanitarian Fund)
- Guide to Giving: Key ways of contributing to the crisis response in South Sudan
Humanitarian needs in Sudan are considerable and remain important in scope. Despite years of assistance humanitarian needs are acute and in some cases are expanding. These are predominantly caused by conflict which, in turn, drives displacement and food insecurity.
Over 1.5 million people have been displaced inside South Sudan. Currently, 2.5 million people face severe food insecurity and this number is expected to rise as the lean season unfolds.
The immediate aims of the aid operation are to save lives, protect the rights of the most vulnerable - including their freedom of movement, and to protect, restore, and promote livelihoods. As the planting season approaches, supporting people's freedom of movement and their ability to plant and tend their animals safely is a key priority.
IOM assisted the return of nearly 170 Ethiopians from Yemen. IOM evacuated nearly 300 people from more than 20 countries through the humanitarian bridge to Khartoum. Direct flights from Sanaa to Ethiopia are also expected to begin in the coming days.
The Government allocated resources to procure 5000MT of maize to cover shortfalls in the first round relief food ration.
Humanitarian activities in South Sudan continued to support conflict affected communities in hard to reach areas. However, humanitarian access continued to be hampered by violence against aid workers and assets, interference in implementation, and active hostilities by all parties to the conflict throughout the month of March. Despite these constraints, access remains relatively consistent. Most incidents occurred in Unity, Lakes and Jonglei states.
Government of Kenya calls for the closure of Dadaab refugee camp following terrorist attack in Garissa.
Fighting resumes in South Sudan as peace talks stall yet again.
Over 20,000 South Sudanese refugees received in neighbouring countries since February 2015.
Food security expected to deteriorate from April - June 2015 in most countries in the region.
More than 6,500 Burundian refugees flee tensions in Burundi ahead of June 2015 presidential elections.
• Freedom of movement critical during the planting season.
• Livestock disease increased dramatically since last year.
• Common Humanitarian Fund supports rebuilding markets.
• Refugee influx in Unity State
• HAC says over 16,300 new IDPs have been registered in Guldo town, Central Darfur State.
• An estimated 34,000 newly displaced people in North Jebel Marra locality have not received aid, according to HAC.
• Some 6,200 people displaced due to inter-tribal conflict in East Darfur need assistance.
• Over 800 people who fled their homes in the Abyei area following militia attacks receive initial aid, according to an inter-agency mission.
Displaced people in Sudan 3.1 million
Displacement disrupting livelihoods
The rains started in March in South Sudan, marking the start of planting season. The ongoing conflict continues to restrict civilians’ freedom of movement, limiting their ability to access land to plant crops, tend to their livestock, and trade. For South Sudanese to take advantage of the planting season, they need to be able to move freely. The conflict has also disrupted trade, degraded markets, isolating communities from markets and increasing travel time to market centres pushing prices of basic commodities upwards.
Nearly 4,600 displaced people fled violence into Malakal PoC site.
Aid agencies met in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia to discuss cross border operations from Ethiopia to South Sudan.
A measles vaccination campaign was launched in Bentiu PoC site, reaching 8,783 children by the end of the week.
The number of recorded displaced people in the Bentiu PoC sites has increased from 53,000 to about 75,000 people.
The humanitarian convoy of trucks carrying about 2,700 metric tonnes of food supplies from the Sudan corridor arrived in Melut, Upper Nile.
The Humanitarian Coordinator called for freedom of movement during the planting season to enable South Sudanese to access their land, plant crops, tend to their livestock and trade without fear of violence .
112 suspected measles cases were reported in Bentiu PoC site and a mop up immunization campaign for children under the age of five is planned early next week.
• UN received reports that an unidentified number of people have been displaced following fighting between SAF and SPLM-N in Habila town in South Kordofan.
• An estimated 13,500 refugees from South Sudan arrived in Sudan during the first three months of 2015, according to UNHCR.
• Inter-communal clashes around Mellit in North Darfur affect aid operations in the area.
• 2015 HRP for Sudan is 5% funded, while humanitarian needs increased with up to 67,000 new IDPs and refugees from South Sudan since 1 January 2015.
South Sudan | 2 April 2015
Statement by Toby Lanzer, Humanitarian Coordinator in South Sudan
Juba, 2 April 2015: “As we enter the main planting season in South Sudan, I am deeply concerned that the conflict continues to restrict civilians’ freedom of movement and thereby limit people’s ability to provide for themselves. It is vital that the people in South Sudan are able to move freely to access their land, plant crops, tend to their livestock and trade without fear of violence.
An inter-cluster team comprising representatives of NGOs and UN agencies visited Kauch Payam in Guit County, Unity State from 16-18 February to conduct an initial rapid needs assessment of the humanitarian situation in the region. The team consisted of NGO and UN cluster partners from both Juba and Bentiu. The mission was organized based on reports of chronic food insecurity and other humanitarian concerns in the area.The following agencies were represented: ARUDA, IOM, VSF-CH, WFP, Concern Worldwide, IRC, OCHA, UNDSS and TDI/UNMAS.
The Inter-Cluster Working Group (ICWG) in Juba and Bentiu conducted an Initial Rapid Need Assessment (IRNA) team to Mankien in Mayom County from 20-23 February 2015 to assess the humanitarian situation in the area. The team consisted of a thirteen-person UN and INGO team with participants from various humanitarian organisations, representing 8 clusters (Education, FSL, GBV, Health, NFI&ES, Nutrition, Protection, WASH). The team was received by representatives of the SSRRC, and INGO partners working in Mankien.
This IRNA Report is a product of Inter-Agency Assessment mission conducted and information compiled based on the inputs provided by partners on the ground including; government authorities, affected communities/IDPs and agencies.
Approximately 16,940 displaced people and vulnerable host community members have been identified by the SSRRA in Nimni payam, and an additional 71,000 in five payams within the immediate surroundings of Nimni.
2015 HRD LAUNCHED
On 6 March, the Government launched the 2015 Humanitarian Requirements Document. The appeal calls for US$386 million to address the relief food needs of 2.9 million people and emergency needs in the nutrition, WaSH, health, agriculture and education sectors.
With $41 million carry-over from 2014, the amount required to fund humanitarian operations during the year is $344 million.
Resource shortfalls are reported for the second and third rounds relief food ration for 2015.
Seasonal rains started in most woredas. Assessment in the coming days will determine the impact of the rains on availability of water and pasture.
The Japanese Government donated US$11.8 million to assist South Sudanese refugees and host communities in Gambella region. UNHCR will receive $5.8 million, WFP $5 million and WHO $1 million.
● 2.4 million children under the age of five years in the seven non-conflicted affected states received the oral polio vaccine (OPV).
● More than 9,000 refugees were relocated from Yida to Ajuong Thok in Unity State from 1 January to 23 March, 85 per cent of them were new arrivals.
● Partners are building Interim Care Centers in Greater Pibor Administrative Area to support children demobilized from the armed forces.
● Partners launched a nation wide dry season livestock vaccination campaign.
Considering the substantial scale-up in activities through 2014, there is a relatively low number of access incidents constraining the aid operation. However, humanitarian access continued to be hampered by violence against aid workers and assets, interference in implementation, and active hostilities throughout the month of February. Indications are that the incidents have been caused by all parties to the conflict, with the majority occurring in Unity, Upper Nile and Jonglei states.