- WFP: South Sudan Situation Report #61, 26 Jan 2015
- OCHA South Sudan Crisis Situation Report No. 71 (as of 22 Jan 2015)
- UNMISS: Attacks on Civilians in Bentiu & Bor April 2014
Appeals & Funding
South Sudan Humanitarian Response Plan 2015 South Sudan Consolidated Appeal 2014-2016 CHF (Common Humanitarian Fund) Guide to Giving: Key ways of contributing to the crisis response in South Sudan
● Partners scaled up social mobilization campaigns in Akobo, Awerial, Maban and Raja-Juba to improve school enrollment.
● The post-harvest food security assessment (second harvest of the year 2014) in the Equatorial region was completed and results will be issued shortly.
● Plans are underway to respond to livestock disease outbreak in Turkei, Unity State where an estimated 35 per cent of cattle herds were affected by an unknown disease and about 30 per cent of the affected cattle have died between July and mid-December 2014.
● Assessment mission in Northern Jonglei reported an estimated 44,000 people in need, with flooding and livestock deaths negatively affecting food security.
● A humanitarian barge heading to Malakal/Melut was dispatched from Juba on 10 January.
● The 2015 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) aims to reach 4.1 million people with humanitarian assistance.
● Roads around the country are beginning to dry out. The latest road access map is available here: http://bit. ly/1Ks0Blm
4.1 million People to be assisted by the end of 2015
2.5 million People facing crisis/emergency levels of food insecurity
1.5 million People internally displaced by conflict since December 2013
• AIDS-related deaths are on the rise among conflict affected people.
• An unprecedented displacement of cattle threatens food security and livelihoods throughout the country.
• The Humanitarian Response Plan for 2015 aims to reach 4.1 million people with humanitarian assistance to save lives and alleviate suffering, protect rights, and improve self-reliance.
• A US $60 million allocation from the South Sudan Common Humanitarian Fund kickstarted funding for 2015.
1.5 million people have been internally displaced within South Sudan since December 2013.
As 2014 ended, the humanitarian appeal was 75 per cent funded.
1.8 million children and pregnant/lactating women have been reached with nutrition screening and response activities during 2014.
A second round Short Interval Additional Dose (SIAD) polio vaccination has begun in 10 counties in Unity, Upper Nile, and Jonglei.
● Around 1.4 million people are displaced within South Sudan. Another 488,500 have fled to neighboring countries
● Acute respiratory infection surpassed malaria as the main cause of illness among displaced people.
● The conflict has caused unprecedented displacement of millions of cattle from conflict-affected areas into areas outside usual pastoral lands, challenging local power structures, affecting natural resource availability and altering disease patterns.
● Partners finalized the planning process for 2015. The Humanitarian Response Plan for 2015 seeks $1.8 billion to assist 4.1 million people.
● Fighting continued to be reported in Fangak, Jonglei State, displacing thousands of people to different locations.
● Tuberculosis, HIV and AIDS were the most common causes of death during the month of November in displacement and Protection of Civilian sites.
● Fourth round of nationwide polio immunization campaign reached 2,431,388 out of the targeted 3.3 million children.
• Relative calm returned in Malakal PoC, Upper Nile State after a tumultuous month.
• Aid agencies called for $600 million by February to take advantage of the dry season and plan to reach more people with humanitarian assistance in 2015.
• UN Deputy Humanitarian Chief asked for peace, scaling up of aid in South Sudan after a three-day mission to the world’s newest country.
• South Sudan Crisis Response Plan is one of the best funded globally, but continued support is needed to sustain the aid operation.
Fighting continued to be reported in Fangak, Jonglei State, displacing an unverified number of people to different locations.
Polio vaccination campaign for children under 15 years old continued in Jonglei, Lakes and Unity states
More than 5,000 children are accessing education in Bentiu PoC, Unity State.
● Calm returned in the Protection of Civilians (PoC) sites in Malakal, enabling partners to resume aid operations this week.
● Tensions remained high in the northern states of Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile, where sporadic fighting has been reported.
● The third round of the nationwide polio immunization campaign reached 3,431,592 children aged 0 to 59 months, according to preliminary reports.
● The 16 Days of Activism against Gender Based Violence campaign was launched in some part of the country.
UN Assistant Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs, Kyung-wha Kang, concluded a three-day mission to South Sudan, calling on all parties to the conflict to respect their ceasefire commitments, and urged for more international support to enable humanitarians to scale-up and expand critical aid operations.
The security situation in the Protection of Civilians (PoC) sites in Malakal remained relatively calm, as community elders engaged the warring youth in a bid to defuse the tensions.
On 9 November, the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) facilitated the recommitment to the implementation of the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement of 23 January.
Escalating inter-communal tensions between the youth in the Protection of Civilians (PoC) sites in Malakal, Upper Nile State, continued to disrupt humanitarian operations.
Sporadic fighting was reported in Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile states. Aid workers have restricted movement due to the insecurity.
Humanitarian operations in Malakal, Upper Nile, were disrupted, following a dispute between youth in PoC 1 and 2, and those in the new PoC site.
About 35,000 people were displaced by heavy fighting in Khorfulus area, Jonglei State, and are sheltering in Ayod and New Fangak areas. Aid agencies are assessing the impact and required response.
Tensions persisted in Lakes, Unity and Upper Nile states. Despite increasing insecurity, aid agencies reached 3.5 million people of the 3.8 targeted this year.
Living conditions in displacement sites in Bentiu, Unity State and Mingkaman, Lakes State were dire due to flooding. CERF has allocated funding to improve living condtions of displaced people in the UN base in Bentiu. Meanwhile relocations were completed in Bor, Jonglei State.
As of October, aid organizations had reached 3.5 million of the 3.8 million people to be assisted in 2014, though the response needed to be sustained.
Heavy rains in the past two weeks have caused flooding in the displacement sites in Mingkaman, Lakes State.
Biometric registration was underway in Malakal, Upper Nile State, with 10,000 people in the new and improved Protection of Civilians site register
Heavy rains on 5 October in Bentiu flooded 199 latrines, setting back progress on water and sanitation in the site. Engineers were on the ground pumping water out of the site.
Cholera continued to decline, with only 3 new cases during the previous week. Kala-azar rates were about triple what they were the same period last year.
• Even as harvest season begins, 2.2 million people face emergency or crisis levels of food insecurity. By the end of the harvest, this figure is expected to be 1.5 million.
• Humanitarian partners have begun planning for the dry season, a key window of opportunity to pre-position relief supplies in remote areas.
• Kala-azar, a disease endemic to South Sudan, is on the rise.
• The Common Humanitarian Fund has supported improvements in Bentiu PoC site
The kala-azar outbreak continued with 4,624 cases reported; compared to 1,614 cumulative cases in the same week in 2013.
WASH scale-up in Bentiu increased water supply to 12.2 litres per person per day, and sanitation improved to 1 latrine for every 71 people. Work continued in order to reach emergency standards.
Nutrition indicators were dire with 33 of the 37 counties in critical and very critical nutrition phases located in Northern Bahr el Ghazal, Jonglei, Unity, Upper Nile, and Warrap States.