- Fear and Want: Children living in crisis in South Sudan
- WHO Response 21 November - 21 December 2014, Cluster Bulletin #34
- OCHA South Sudan Crisis Situation Report No. 67 (as of 19 Dec 2014)
Appeals & Funding
South Sudan Humanitarian Response Plan 2015 South Sudan Consolidated Appeal 2014-2016 CHF (Common Humanitarian Fund) Guide to Giving: Key ways of contributing to the crisis response in South Sudan
● Around 1.4 million people are displaced within South Sudan. Another 488,500 have fled to neighboring countries
● Acute respiratory infection surpassed malaria as the main cause of illness among displaced people.
● The conflict has caused unprecedented displacement of millions of cattle from conflict-affected areas into areas outside usual pastoral lands, challenging local power structures, affecting natural resource availability and altering disease patterns.
● Partners finalized the planning process for 2015. The Humanitarian Response Plan for 2015 seeks $1.8 billion to assist 4.1 million people.
● Fighting continued to be reported in Fangak, Jonglei State, displacing thousands of people to different locations.
● Tuberculosis, HIV and AIDS were the most common causes of death during the month of November in displacement and Protection of Civilian sites.
● Fourth round of nationwide polio immunization campaign reached 2,431,388 out of the targeted 3.3 million children.
• Relative calm returned in Malakal PoC, Upper Nile State after a tumultuous month.
• Aid agencies called for $600 million by February to take advantage of the dry season and plan to reach more people with humanitarian assistance in 2015.
• UN Deputy Humanitarian Chief asked for peace, scaling up of aid in South Sudan after a three-day mission to the world’s newest country.
• South Sudan Crisis Response Plan is one of the best funded globally, but continued support is needed to sustain the aid operation.
Fighting continued to be reported in Fangak, Jonglei State, displacing an unverified number of people to different locations.
Polio vaccination campaign for children under 15 years old continued in Jonglei, Lakes and Unity states
More than 5,000 children are accessing education in Bentiu PoC, Unity State.
● Calm returned in the Protection of Civilians (PoC) sites in Malakal, enabling partners to resume aid operations this week.
● Tensions remained high in the northern states of Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile, where sporadic fighting has been reported.
● The third round of the nationwide polio immunization campaign reached 3,431,592 children aged 0 to 59 months, according to preliminary reports.
● The 16 Days of Activism against Gender Based Violence campaign was launched in some part of the country.
UN Assistant Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs, Kyung-wha Kang, concluded a three-day mission to South Sudan, calling on all parties to the conflict to respect their ceasefire commitments, and urged for more international support to enable humanitarians to scale-up and expand critical aid operations.
The security situation in the Protection of Civilians (PoC) sites in Malakal remained relatively calm, as community elders engaged the warring youth in a bid to defuse the tensions.
On 9 November, the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) facilitated the recommitment to the implementation of the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement of 23 January.
Escalating inter-communal tensions between the youth in the Protection of Civilians (PoC) sites in Malakal, Upper Nile State, continued to disrupt humanitarian operations.
Sporadic fighting was reported in Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile states. Aid workers have restricted movement due to the insecurity.
Humanitarian operations in Malakal, Upper Nile, were disrupted, following a dispute between youth in PoC 1 and 2, and those in the new PoC site.
About 35,000 people were displaced by heavy fighting in Khorfulus area, Jonglei State, and are sheltering in Ayod and New Fangak areas. Aid agencies are assessing the impact and required response.
Tensions persisted in Lakes, Unity and Upper Nile states. Despite increasing insecurity, aid agencies reached 3.5 million people of the 3.8 targeted this year.
Living conditions in displacement sites in Bentiu, Unity State and Mingkaman, Lakes State were dire due to flooding. CERF has allocated funding to improve living condtions of displaced people in the UN base in Bentiu. Meanwhile relocations were completed in Bor, Jonglei State.
As of October, aid organizations had reached 3.5 million of the 3.8 million people to be assisted in 2014, though the response needed to be sustained.
Heavy rains in the past two weeks have caused flooding in the displacement sites in Mingkaman, Lakes State.
Biometric registration was underway in Malakal, Upper Nile State, with 10,000 people in the new and improved Protection of Civilians site register
Heavy rains on 5 October in Bentiu flooded 199 latrines, setting back progress on water and sanitation in the site. Engineers were on the ground pumping water out of the site.
Cholera continued to decline, with only 3 new cases during the previous week. Kala-azar rates were about triple what they were the same period last year.
• Even as harvest season begins, 2.2 million people face emergency or crisis levels of food insecurity. By the end of the harvest, this figure is expected to be 1.5 million.
• Humanitarian partners have begun planning for the dry season, a key window of opportunity to pre-position relief supplies in remote areas.
• Kala-azar, a disease endemic to South Sudan, is on the rise.
• The Common Humanitarian Fund has supported improvements in Bentiu PoC site
The kala-azar outbreak continued with 4,624 cases reported; compared to 1,614 cumulative cases in the same week in 2013.
WASH scale-up in Bentiu increased water supply to 12.2 litres per person per day, and sanitation improved to 1 latrine for every 71 people. Work continued in order to reach emergency standards.
Nutrition indicators were dire with 33 of the 37 counties in critical and very critical nutrition phases located in Northern Bahr el Ghazal, Jonglei, Unity, Upper Nile, and Warrap States.
● The latest IPC report found 2.2 million people are currently in crisis or emergency levels of food insecurity and that 1.5 million people would remain food insecure until the end of the year, even during the harvest season.
● Around 2.5 million people could be facing crisis or emergency levels of food insecurity between January and March 2015.
● A severe malnutrition situation exists in Ulang, Upper Nile State, with a proxy global acute malnutrition rate of over 40 per cent identified.
Some 3.1 million people have been reached with humanitarian assistance.
Malaria was increasing with the highest incidence in Renk and Malakal, both in Upper Nile State.
There was increased insecurity in parts of Jonglei, Lakes, and Upper Nile States - as well as in the area around Bentiu, Unity State.
● The Humanitarian Country Team visited Lankien, Jonglei State where there was a spike in kala-azar cases.
● Security concerns in Bentiu, Unity State resulted in the suspension of fixed-wing flights to Rubkona and surrounding counties. Living conditions within the PoC site remained dire.
● Since 26 August, 10 cases of rape were reported at Bentiu PoC site. All incidents occurred when women left the site to gather wood or go to the market.
● Cholera continued to decline, with only 28 new cases in the previous week.
● An integrated polio, measles, and vitamin A campaign is underway in Jonglei, Unity, and Upper Nile States.
● A seasonal increase of cases of kalaazar, an endemic disease, has been reported, particularly in Lankien,
Upper Nile State.
● A second convoy of humanitarian barges is preparing to transport relief supplies from Juba to Malakal,
Upper Nile State.
● Some 1.3 million people have been displaced inside South Sudan, and an additional 451,000 have fled to neighboring countries.
• Partners reached 2.7 million people with some form of assistance by the end of August 2014. This is 71 per cent of the 3.8 million people targeted with assistance by the end of the year.
• Food security updates show the situation remains severe in many areas.
• There were worrying developments in aid worker security, and several aid workers were killed in an attack in Maban.
• Funding is needed to scale up HIV response - a disproportionate number of HIV in- fected people have been affected by the crisis compared to the population overall.