- FEWS NET Somalia Food Security Alert, 11 Feb 2016
- SWALIM Update on drought situation in Somalia - Issued: 11 Feb 2016
- FSNAU/NEWS NET: The 2015/16 Post Deyr Seasonal Food Security And Nutrition Assessment In Somalia: Major Findings and Recommendations (8 Feb 2016)
Appeals & Funding
- Humanitarian Needs Overview 2016
- Humanitarian Response Plan 2016
- Humanitarian Action for Children 2016
- UNHCR: Yemen Situation Emergency Response (Jan-Dec 2016) Supplementary Appeal 2016
The food security and malnutrition situation in Somalia remains alarming, especially in parts of Puntland and Somaliland, which have been hard hit by drought exacerbated by El Niño. This is according to the latest assessment by the FAO-managed Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNAU). More than 4.7 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance, of these about 950,000 are severely food insecure and are unable to meet their daily food needs. Nearly 305,000 children under age 5 are acutely malnourished, with 58,300 of them severely malnourished.
(Mogadishu, 8 February 2016): The food security and malnutrition situation in Somalia is alarming, especially in parts of Puntland and Somaliland, which have been hard hit by drought exacerbated by El Niño and require urgent attention. This is according to the latest food security and nutrition assessment for Somalia, which was released today in Mogadishu by the FAO-managed Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNAU) in collaboration with Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET). The situation is critical and could get worse.
The El Niño global climatic event has had a devastating impact on millions of people across the globe in 2015 and 2016. East Africa, Southern Africa, the Pacific Islands, South East Asia and Central America will continue to be at risk of extreme weather, including below-normal rains and flooding. The humanitarian fallout in certain areas includes increased food insecurity due to low crop yields and rising prices; higher malnutrition rates; devastated livelihoods; and forced displacement.
- El Niño“drought effect” likely to have a long-lasting impact as people’ resilience continues to be eroded
- Ethiopia battling worst drought in decades
- Drought, food in security and power shortages stalk southern Africa region
- Cholera, a preventable disease, kills thousands across eastern and southern Africa
- Protracted conflicts to complicate humanitarian situation
- Funding shortfalls paralyse humanitarian responses
Currently, the humanitarian response plans and appeals for 2016 are seeking over $19.8 billion to meet the needs of 89.4 million people across 37 countries. The figures may increase in the course of 2016. As of 29 January, $50 million has been received for the appeals.
In January 2015, the UN-coordinated inter-agency appeals required $16.4 billion to meet the needs of 57.5 million people across 22 countries.
The year ended with requirements at $19.9 billion, an increase of $3.5 billion, to meet the needs of 82 million people in 38 countries.
In 2015, acute humanitarian needs persisted in Somalia and require urgent attention to avert millions of vulnerable people from sliding back into crisis. An estimated 4.9 million people are in need of lifesaving and livelihoods support. In spite of the challenging operating environment, partners reached nearly 2.5 million people with urgent life-saving assistance. More than $605 million was received for humanitarian response in Somalia in 2015. This includes $374 million (43 per cent) of the $863 million requested for the 2015 HRP.
60 million PEOPLE WILL BE AFFECTED BY EL NIÑO IN THE FOUR MOST AFFECTED REGIONS
2.8 million PEOPLE REQUIRE HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE IN GUATEMALA AND HONDURAS
10.2 million PEOPLE IN NEED OF EMERGENCY FOOD IN ETHIOPIA
14 million FOOD INSECURE PEOPLE IN SOUTHERN AFRICA – EXCLUDING SOUTH AFRICA
El Niño status
Drought affects thousands in Puntland and Somaliland
Partners respond to AWD/cholera in Baidoa and Kismayo
Access and bureaucratic impediments persisted in 2015.
No. of people in humanitarian emergency and crisis 7 1m
No. of people in food security stress 3.9m
No. of acutely malnourished children under age 5 : 308,000 Source: www.fsnau.org (July-December 2015 projection)
OVERVIEW OF THE CRISIS
Humanitarian needs remain high, despite concerted humanitarian assistance.
(Mogadishu, 19 January 2016) - The humanitarian community in Somalia today launched a prioritized Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) for 2016 in Mogadishu calling on the international community to ensure predictable and timely funding. The new plan is seeking USD $885 million to reach 3.5 million people with urgent life-saving assistance by the end of 2016.
Humanitarian needs remain acute with persistent vulnerabilities. About 4.9 million people are in need of assistance. Over 1.1 million people remain internally displaced, and another one million are refugees in neighboring countries. Flooding resulting from the 2015 Deyr rains affected over 145,200 people. About 308,000 children under age 5 are acutely malnourished, with 56,000 of them in need of urgent treatment and therapeutic food to survive.
SOMALIA HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE PLAN (HRP)
As of 31 December, US$587 million has been received for humanitarian response in Somalia in 2015. This includes $353 million (41 per cent) of the $863 million requested for the 2015 HRP as well as $234 million received for humanitarian activities outside the HRP.
The humanitarian situation remains alarming with high rates of malnutrition and food insecurity. About 4.9 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance as of September 2015, out of which 1.1 million are internally displaced.
Background & Rationale
Deyr seasonal rains started in Middle Shabelle in October with flooding reported to have started by 22 October. The Middle Shabelle area was reported to be most affected by flash floods at the time of the assessment; however, riverine flooding was a growing concern due to the rising river levels from heavy regional rains and those in the Ethiopian highlands which flow into the nearby Shabelle River.
As of 30 December, the funding gap of the 2015 UN-coordinated inter-agency appeals is US$9.6 billion which means that 48 per cent of the required funds remain unmet.
During December, newly reported contributions to FTS totalled $736 million for humanitarian response: for response plans specifically, $81.7 million for Iraq, $80.6 million for Yemen, and $41.4 million for Niger. As reported to FTS by 30 December, over $1.7 billion of humanitarian funding remain in outstanding pledges (of which $404 million is allocated for the coordinated response plans).
Following relative calm, the security situation and access in Gaalkacyo has slowly improved since the last Flash Update issued on 8 December 2015. The humanitarian staff who were temporarily relocated out of Gaalkacyo due to insecurity have now returned.
30 million FOOD INSECURE PEOPLE IN SOUTHERN AFRICA
22 million PEOPLE LIKELY TO SUFFER FROM FOOD INSECURITY IN EASTERN AFRICA
4.7 million PEOPLE AT RISK FROM ADVERSE WEATHER ASSOCIATED WITH EL NIÑO IN THE SOUTH PACIFIC
4.2 million PEOPLE ALREADY AFFECTED BY EL NIÑO-RELATED DROUGHT IN CENTRAL AMERICA
(Nairobi, 23 December 2015): The El Nino global climatic event has since May been the major driver of new humanitarian needs in the Horn of Africa region. Enhanced rainfall continues in parts of Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia and Uganda, and persistent drought has been reported in parts of Eritrea, Ethiopia, South Sudan, northern Uganda and in the north-western and north-eastern parts of Somalia.
This week, on 17 December, the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) will mark its 10 year anniversary. Created in 2005, CERF marked an innovative breakthrough in humanitarian funding by Member States of the UN General Assembly as a “fund for all, by all”. It raises and pools funds before the need arises, and provides fast, predictable funding to partners on the frontlines at the onset of a crisis, as well as financing critically underfunded emergencies.
Partners continue to respond to flood-affected people
Fighting displaced thousands in Gaalkacyo
Nutrition situation deteriorates in IDP settlements
No. of people in humanitarian emergency and crisis 1m
No. of people in food security stress 3.9m
No. of acutely 308,000 malnourished children under age 5 Source: www.fsnau.org (July-December 2015 projection)
No. of internally displaced people 1.1m