- Humanitarian Bulletin Somalia February 2015 | Issued on 25 March 2015
- FSNAU Post-Deyr 2014 Food Security and Nutrition Outlook February to June 2015
- IDMC: Over a million IDPs need support for local solutions
Appeals & Funding
- Strategic Response Plan 2015
- Humanitarian Needs Overview 2015
- CHF (Common Humanitarian Fund)
Steep increase in forced evictions in Mogadishu. Displaced people lost belongings and moved to areas with limited or no services.
Humanitarian access through the major supply roads remain constrained in southern and central regions of Somalia.
Timely humanitarian funding crucial to sustain response to 2.8 million Somalis.
In this issue
The 2015 appeal calls for US$386 million to address the relief food needs of 2.9 million people and emergency needs in the nutrition, WaSH, health, agriculture and education sectors. With $41 million carry-over from 2014, the target is $344 million. Additional humanitarian needs are expected in all sectors in the coming weeks given the delayed 2015 belg (mid-February to May) rains and its impact on water availability as well as food and nutrition situations in affected areas.
The humanitarian crisis in Somalia remains among the largest, most protracted and most complex emergencies in the world today. About 731,000 Somalis face acute food insecurity despite improvements in some areas due to the contribution of good October to December rains, improved commercial flow in southern and central regions and the delivery of humanitarian assistance. A further 2.3 million people are on the verge of slipping into acute food insecurity, bringing the number of people in need to 3 million.
274 UN agencies and NGOs implementing activities in Somalia
157 Estimated number of UN agencies and NGOs with physical presence (offices) in Somalia
This report is produced by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) in collaboration with humanitarian partners. It covers the period from January to 31 December 2015. It was first issued on 19 November 2014 and updated on 5 March 2015.
CONTEXT AND HUMANITARIAN NEEDS
Relatively good 2014 Deyr rains, improved flow of commercial goods to southern and central Somalia and concerted humanitarian assistance helped prevent the worsening of the humanitarian situation. Despite the improvement, 731,000 Somalis are still unable to meet their minimum food needs and 2.3 million will face difficulties meeting their basic food needs over the next six months, bringing the number of people in need to 3 million.
About 731,000 Somalis currently face acute food insecurity and 2.3 million people are at risk of sliding back into crisis and emergency levels of food insecurity. Relatively good rains in October to December, improved flow of goods and humanitarian assistance are responsible for this improvement. Despite this, malnutrition levels remain high with 203,000 children acutely malnourished. Of these, 38,000 children are severely malnourished and need medical treatment and therapeutic food to survive.
Humanitarian needs in Yemen stem mainly from life-threatening consequences of endemic poverty and underdevelopment. Conflict also plays a role, including the temporary displacement of 100,000 people in 2014. However, Governorates with the greatest concentrations of need are mostly outside conflict areas. Recent insecurity has had little impact on needs or aid operations. Partners are confident they can deliver aid across the country, provided adequate resources are available.
About 3 million people need humanitarian and livelihood support, despite good October to December rains and reprogrammed humanitarian assistance.
Acute malnutrition has gone down by 13 per cent in the last six months. However, the situation remains dire.
Threat to Somali remittances could have serious ramifications.
# of people in humanitarian emergency and crisis : 7731,000
# of people in stress : 2.3m
Conflict and unfavourable climatic conditions remain the main drivers of food insecurity and displacement in the Eastern Africa region. Despite growing humanitarian needs, a difficult global humanitarian financing climate has forced humanitarian country teams in the region to prioritize response plans.
IPC confirms some 2.5 million people in South Sudan in Emergency and Crisis food insecurity, as economic pressure rises due to conflict.
UN Secretary-General calls on South Sudan leaders to expeditiously end the conflict.
Over 12,000 South Sudanese refugees registered in the region in January 2015.
Humanitarian funding for 2015 is ten times lower than at the same time in 2014.
Some $529 million pledged at High Level Event on South Sudan.
The humanitarian situation in Somalia remains worrisome despite modest improvements. About 731,000 Somalis face acute food insecurity, a decrease of 29 per cent from the July – December 2014 estimates. An additional 2.3 million people are at risk of sliding into the same situation. This brings the number of people in need of humanitarian and livelihood support to 3 million.
Malnutrition rates still high
In 2015, partners in Yemen aim to assist 8.2 million people with a range of services that will save lives, protect civilians and promote resilience. To deliver on these targets, partners are seeking $748.1 million – of which $284.7 million (38 per cent) is for the most critical life-saving and protection programmes.
Humanitarian operations are continuing despite political instability and intermittent violence in parts of Yemen.
61 per cent of Yemenis (almost 16 million out of 25.9 million people) need humanitarian assistance.
Humanitarian partners aim to assist 8.2 million people in 2015 (32 per cent of the total population).
The high tensions in Marib and Al Bayda have had limited humanitarian impact so far.