- UNICEF Somalia Humanitarian Situation Report 12, December 2015
- FSNAU/NEWS NET: The 2015/16 Post Deyr Seasonal Food Security And Nutrition Assessment In Somalia: Major Findings and Recommendations (8 Feb 2016)
- WFP Somalia | Brief Reporting period: 01 Oct – 31 Dec 2015
Appeals & Funding
- Humanitarian Needs Overview 2016
- Humanitarian Response Plan 2016
- Humanitarian Action for Children 2016
- UNHCR: Yemen Situation Emergency Response (Jan-Dec 2016) Supplementary Appeal 2016
Syria: The military offensive in Aleppo governorate has displaced more than 40,000 people since late January, and the number of displaced is reported to be increasing. There is concern that a siege of opposition-held areas of Aleppo city is imminent. An estimated 20,000 newly displaced Syrians are stuck at the Bab al Salam crossing along the Syria–Turkey border, as Turkey has denied them entry into Turkish territory.
- El Niño“drought effect” likely to have a long-lasting impact as people’ resilience continues to be eroded
- Ethiopia battling worst drought in decades
- Drought, food in security and power shortages stalk southern Africa region
- Cholera, a preventable disease, kills thousands across eastern and southern Africa
- Protracted conflicts to complicate humanitarian situation
- Funding shortfalls paralyse humanitarian responses
Snapshot 27 January – 2 February 2016
Boko Haram in Nigeria, Cameroon, and Chad: 86 people were killed and 62 injured, with 15 missing after Boko Haram set fire to Dalori, near Maiduguri in Borno state. The past week also saw attacks in Chibok that left 13 dead and 30 injured. 40 civilians were reported dead after Cameroonian troops announced they were carrying out a search for BH militants in the area. In Cameroon, 52 people were killed in BH attacks in January. In Chad, two suicide bombings in Lac region left three dead and 56 wounded.
Background and purpose
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has as its **Strategic Objective 5** to “Increase the resilience of livelihoods to threats and crises”. In support of its national counterparts, FAO aims to address the current and future needs of vulnerable people affected by the 2015‒2016 El Niño event.
Many countries across the African continent face recurrent complex emergencies, frequent food insecurity, cyclical drought, and sudden-onset disasters such as earthquakes, floods, and storms. In FY 2015, as in previous years, USAID/OFDA not only responded to urgent needs resulting from disasters, but also supported DRR programs that built resilience and improved emergency preparedness, mitigation, and response capacity at the local, national, and regional levels.
Heavy rainfall may lead to flooding in Kenya, Tanzania, and central Madagascar
Due to a delayed start of season and erratic distribution of rainfall, drought conditions have affected many countries in southern Africa, including Angola, South Africa, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Lesotho, Swaziland, and Mozambique. Exacerbated by a poor performance during the previous season, the deficient rain has already significantly reduced water availability, leading to livestock deaths and poor ground conditions over many areas.
Africa Weather Hazards
Abnormal dryness has expanded across many portions of southern Africa from southern Angola, northern Namibia, southern Zambia, eastern Zimbabwe, central Malawi, central Mozambique, southern Botswana, to South Africa due to a delayed onset and persistent below-average rain since the start of the season. The deficient rain has already severely reduced water availability, negatively impacting cropping and pastoral activities over many areas.
Early season dryness persists across southern Africa
Very low and infrequent rainfall in southern Africa has resulted in significant early season moisture deficits, particularly in the KwaZuluNatal region of South Africa, Swaziland, and southern Mozambique. Light to moderate rain is expected over the region during the next week, which could sustain rainfall deficits.
El Niño is a periodic climate phenomenon defined by anomalously warm sea surface temperatures in the eastern and central tropical Pacific Ocean which affect local weather worldwide and generally leads to increased drought risk at global level.
This CCCM desk review on outside camp contexts was conducted from July to December 2013. It aims to explore how CCCM resources and experiences of camplike and camp-based responses can be applied to respond to the needs of displaced populations outside camps, in particular in urban environments. As part of the ECHO-funded Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) Cluster project ‘Enhancing the Coordination of Camp Management and Camp Coordination Intervention in Emergencies’, this desk review addresses this in two main ways.
Tracking food security trends in vulnerable countries
The Global Food Security Update provides a quarterly overview of key food security trends in vulnerable countries. Information is provided by WFP VAM field teams and partners.
• Conflict in Yemen is causing increasing food insecurity.
As of June, at least 6 million people are facing Emergency (IPC Phase 4) food insecurity. Millions more could easily fall into the emergency conditions unless a political solution is found quickly.
Snapshot 10–16 June 2015
Ebola in Sierra Leone and Guinea: Weekly Ebola case incidence has risen for two consecutive weeks. Guinea recorded 16 new cases in the week to 7 June, five from unknown chains of transmission. Sierra Leone recorded 15 cases, the highest weekly total since late March. It has extended the state of emergency for 90 days.
Snapshot 3-9 June 2015
Yemen: 20 million people, close to 80% of the population, are estimated to need humanitarian aid. 500,000 people were displaced in May, bringing the total displaced since 26 March to more than 1 million. The escalation in the conflict has meant two million more people are food insecure, and six million more lack access to healthcare, and 9.4 million lack access to safe water.
Snapshot 28 May–2 June 2015
Iraq: 104,000 IDPs from Ramadi district over 15–29 May brings the total number of displaced in Anbar to 238,000 since April. They are facing serious restrictions accessing neighbouring governorates. In Anbar, Islamic State abducted 400 children in the last week of May. The humanitarian response for Syria is facing severe cutbacks due to funding shortages.
Beneficial rainfall in the driest regions of Ethiopia and Djibouti; little rainfall for eastern areas of the Horn of Africa.
Moisture surpluses emerge in far western portions of the Western Africa region, while deficits remain to the east.
Mali: Gao and Timbutku regions have been the scene of multiple clashes between the Azawad Movement Coalition and Malian forces, as well as the pro-government Gatia militia. At least 12 people have been killed, including nine civilians. About 31,500 people have been displaced from three districts in Timbuktu region. They are in urgent needs of water, food, NFIs, and shelter support, but access is limited.
Abnormal dryness continues to affect parts of Ethiopia, Tanzania, and Haiti
Africa Weather Hazards
Very poor rainfall since February, combined with six consecutive weeks of virtually no rainfall since midMarch, has led to large moisture deficits and rapidly deteriorating ground conditions in Ethiopia, Djibouti, and eastern Eritrea. The extended mid-season absence of rainfall is likely to adversely affect cropping activities for Belg-producing areas of Ethiopia.
- Most of the greater Horn of Africa observed a decrease in rainfall over the previous week.
- Early season rainfall remains below normal for portions of West Africa.
1) Since late December, an unseasonable distribution of monsoonal rainfall has resulted in anomalous dryness and poor ground conditions unfavorable for crops across several local areas in southern Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Lesotho, and South Africa.
Iraq: Islamic State have taken control of Ramadi. 500 died and 42,840 people fled fighting in the city over 16–17 May, adding to the 180,000 displaced in Anbar since early April. Access to new IDPs in Habbaniyah, Khadiyah district, is limited due to insecurity, and health concerns are growing.