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UNCT Somalia Monitor 27 Jan - 1 Feb 1998

The UNCT Somalia Monitor
27 January - 1 February 1998

HUMANITARIAN UPDATE

Update on Floods in Somalia

The floods in southern Somalia are reported to be receding in general, with water levels dropping by half since mid-December. In many areas farmers have started to plant on receding flood waters using seeds distributed by members of the Somali Inter-Agency Flood Response Team and the ICRC. - However, WFP reports that from Sakow to Jamame, the flood situation remains serious with land alongside the Juba river stil under one
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Somalia Country Report on Human Rights Practices for 1997

Released by the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, January 30, 1998.

SOMALIA


Somalia has been without a central government since its last president, dictator Mohamed Siad Barre, fled the country in 1991. Subsequent fighting among rival faction leaders resulted in the killing, dislocation, and starvation of thousands of Somalis and led the United Nations to intervene militarily in 1992.

Serious fighting among rival clans continued in Mogadishu, in the region outside of Baidoa, and in the area around Kismayo. The violence had
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Kenya + 1 other
WFP Emergency Report No. 05 of 1998: Somalia and Kenya Floods

WFP EMERGENCY REPORT

Issued weekly by the United Nations World Food Programme

Report No. 05 of 1998 Date: 30 January 1998

This report includes: A) East Africa I: Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania and Uganda B) Sudan C) East Africa II: Somalia and Kenya Floods D) Central Africa: Democratic Republic of Congo and Congo/Brazzaville E) Iraq F) Resourcing Update.

From Manuel Aranda da Silva, Chief, Technical Support Service. Available on the Internet on the WFP Home Page at http://www.wfp.org/
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ICRC combats cholera in Mogadishu

ICRC NEWS 04

** SHORT MENU....


SOMALIA: ICRC COMBATS CHOLERA OUTBREAK IN MOGADISHU: Although the deyr, the shorter of Somalia's two rainy seasons, should have long been over by now, rain continues to fall in areas hit by torrential downpours since last October.


** STORIES IN FULL...

Although the deyr, the shorter of Somalia's two rainy seasons, should have long been over by now, rain continues to fall in areas hit by torrential downpours since last October. The prevailing floods, which have paradoxically left so many places without drinking water
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Kenya + 1 other
Rift Valley fever and haemorrhagic disease in Kenya and Somalia

Although Rift Valley fever has been confirmed in the current outbreak affecting humans and livestock in Kenya and Somalia, it is evident that other causes have contributed to the high rate of haemorrhagic symptoms and deaths among both humans and animals. Laboratory investigations at the WHO Collaborating Centres at Kenya Medical Research Institute in Nairobi, National Institute for Virology in Johannesburg and at Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta have tested specimens from Kenya and Somalia for a wide range of infectious agents but so far
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Kenya + 1 other
El Niño Flooding Part of Equation as Infectious Diseases Spread in Kenya and Somalia

Report
CARE
Nairobi, January 28, 1998 -- Heavy rains caused by El Niño have exacerbated outbreaks of Rift Valley fever, cholera and malaria in Kenya's northeastern, eastern, central, coastal and Rift Valley provinces, as well as in southern Somalia, according to recent World Health Organization (WHO) reports. Rift Valley fever is a viral disease commonly found in sub-Saharan Africa. The virus is transmitted primarily by infected mosquitoes, other biting insects and occasionally by contact with the blood or body fluids of infected animals. WHO reports that as
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FEWS bulletin 28 Jan 1998

After an unseasonable 2-month-long deluge, Somalia's deyr (secondary season) rains began tapering off in December. Nevertheless, responding to the aftermath of the catastrophic floods remains the focus of aid agencies, NGO's, and affected communities who face severe food shortages and serious health problems due to the collapse of water and sanitation systems.

Phase 1 of the relief operations 'rescue and survival of flood victims under very tough conditions'successfully relieved the worst immediate effects of the floods and averted a greater loss of life. Some 2,800 MT
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Kenya + 1 other
WFP seeks US 12 Million to fly emergency aid to 1.1 Million flood victims in Somalia and Kenya

NAIROBI : The World Food Programme warned today that unless donors provide new funding it will be forced to halt emergency airlifts and airdrops of food and other vital supplies to 1.1 million people cut off by floodwaters in remote areas of Kenya and Somalia.

Estimating that it will cost US$12 million to deliver by air an additional 16,000 metric tons of assistance between now and the end of March, WFP called on donors to make pledges immediately to avert the suspension of the air operations at the end of January. This is in addition to funds for food aid.
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Floods update 27 Jan 1998

SOMALIA INTER-AGENCY FLOOD RESPONSE

- Weekly Report / 21.1.- 27.1.98 -

Number of people reported killed to date: confirmed deaths: 2,161
Number of people remaining at risk: approximately 1 Million

Livestock reported killed so far: more than 33,500
Food stocks destroyed: more than 60,000 hectares of crops and farmland destroyed. Famine Early Warning System (FEWS)/Somalia estimates losses of Gu=12 crops in traditional underground granaries due to the floods and rain water seepage at 31,100 tones. The upcoming
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Kenya + 1 other
Rift Valley Fever widely distributed in Kenya and Somalia

Press Release WHO/13

Rift Valley Fever (RVF) is widely distributed in Kenya and Somalia, primarily in animals but also in humans, World Health Organization (WHO) officials investigating the disease outbreak in the two countries say. The estimated number of deaths in Kenya is now 350-400. These deaths are concentrated in Kenya's Northeastern Province and in southern Somalia, where after a critical review of the data from Somalia, a revised count indicates that 80 deaths are suspected to be due to haemorrhagic fever.

RVF is widely distributed throughout
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UNCT Somalia Monitor 17 - 25 Jan 1998

HUMANITARIAN UPDATE

Update on Floods in Somalia.

International organizations continued to bring assistance to flood affected areas focusing at the same time on the emerging health problems related to the flood disaster. Well chlorination and social mobilization regarding cholera awareness continue. Additional supplies for malaria and diarrhea treatment are being distributed. Food aid continues. By 18 January 1998 a total of 4,865.12 mt of food aid had been distributed and dispatched to flood affected areas benefitting
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WFP Emergency Report No. 04 of 1998: Somalia

WFP EMERGENCY REPORT
Issued weekly by the United Nations World Food Programme

Report No. 04 of 1998 Date:

This report includes: A) East Africa I: Impact of East Africa floods on regional operations, Burundi, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda B) East Africa II: Floods - Somalia and Kenya C) Central Africa: Democratic Republic of Congo D) Iraq.

From Manuel Aranda da Silva, Chief, Technical Support Service. Available on the Internet on the WFP Home Page at http://www.wfp.org/
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Survival still a struggle

ICRC News 98/03

"We gathered everything we could: pieces of sheet metal, boards, uprooted bushes and cardboard floating on the water."
Sitting in front of a makeshift hut, the mother of a large group of ragged children relates her struggle for survival during the
recent flooding. The worst time was November, when the inhabitants of Marere were forced to seek refuge on dikes built
along the Juba river, near where it flows into the Indian Ocean. Protected from the torrent, several thousand people built the
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Somalia peace conference may be delayed

Report
Voice of America
BYLINE=SONYA LAURENCE GREEN

INTRO: KENYA'S FOREIGN MINISTER SAYS A SOMALI PEACE CONFERENCE SCHEDULED TO BEGIN IN MID-FEBRUARY MAY BE DELAYED BY POLITICAL AND ORGANIZATIONAL PROBLEMS. AS SONYA LAURENCE GREEN REPORTS, THE SOMALI PEACE CONFERENCE IS AIMED AT SETTING UP A NEW NATIONAL GOVERNMENT IN THE WAR-TORN COUNTRY.

TEXT: KENYA'S FOREIGN MINISTER, BONAYA GODANA, SAYS POLITICAL AND ORGANIZATIONAL PROBLEMS MAY PUSH BACK THE START OF THE SOMALI PEACE CONFERENCE, WHICH WAS SCHEDULED TO GET UNDERWAY FEBRUARY 15TH.

MR. GODANA SPOKE TO REPORTERS AFTER
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Kenya + 1 other
Rift Valley fever spreads

Weekly News

With efforts to contain Rift Valley Fever severely hampered by limited logistical resources, the disease continues to spread. It has claimed more than 450 lives in Kenya's flood-stricken North Eastern Province and in southern Somalia. Medical personnel also fear the region may be faced with a new, more virulent strain of the fever. Because of the difficulty in controlling the disease and access to much of the region is hindered by flood waters, the Federation is concerned that neither surveillance nor
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Floods Update 20 Jan 1998

SOMALIA INTER-AGENCY FLOOD RESPONSE

- Weekly Report / 14.1.- 20.1.98 -

Number of people reported killed to date: confirmed deaths: 2,112
Number of people remaining at risk: approximately 1 Million

Livestock reported killed so far: more than 33,500 Food stocks destroyed: more than 60,000 hectares of crops and farmland
destroyed. Famine Early Warning System (FEWS)/Somalia estimates losses of Gu=12 crops in traditional underground granaries due to the floods and rain water seepage at 31,100 tones. The upcoming harvest is estimated to
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Kenya + 1 other
Outbreak of Rift Valley Fever in Kenya and Somalia

Revised 20 Jan 1998

An outbreak of hemorrhagic fever is occurring in remote parts of northeastern Kenya and southern Somalia following exceptionally heavy rains. Recent WHO reports indicate that new cases are appearing in Kenya's North-Eastern, Eastern, Rift Valley, and Central and Coast provinces, which include some national parks. The WHO reports that as many as 300 persons in Kenya and 460 in Somalia have died. Large losses of domestic animals, especially goats and cattle, are also reported. Accurate estimates of the outbreak
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Somalia Floods Situation Report No. 14

Ref: DHAGVA - 98/0139
UPDATES ON SOMALIA INTER-AGENCY COORDINATED FLOOD RESPONSE

OVERALL SITUATION:

1. The most recent death toll reached 1,980, with approximately 1 million people still at risk. Light to heavy rains are continuing in parts of Somalia, as well as in Ethiopia and Kenya.

2. In general, large areas of southern Somalia remain severely affected by the devastating effects of the floods, with a large number of people still displaced and numerous communities still cut off and reachable only by helicopters. Many roads remain