Released by the Bureau of Democracy, Human
Rights, and Labor, January 30, 1998.
Somalia has been without a central government since its last president,
dictator Mohamed Siad Barre, fled the country in 1991. Subsequent
fighting among rival faction leaders resulted in the killing, dislocation,
and starvation of thousands of Somalis and led the United Nations to intervene
militarily in 1992.
Serious fighting among rival clans continued in Mogadishu, in the region
outside of Baidoa, and in the area around Kismayo. The violence had