The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent (IFRC) Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) is a source of un-earmarked money created by the Federation in 1985 to ensure that immediate financial support is available for Red Cross and Red Crescent emergency response. The DREF is a vital part of the International Federation’s disaster response system and increases the ability of National Societies to respond to disasters.
27 May 2011: Mozambique has a large population of long-term refugees from the Democratic Republic of Congo, Burundi and Rwanda, concentrated in the Maratane Refugee Camp in Nampula Province. The population has recently nearly doubled in size due to an influx of Ethiopian and Somali asylum seekers trying to enter South Africa, who have been among some of the most vulnerable groups in need of life saving assistance.
UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:
In Kenya, the world's largest refugee camp, Dadaab, gets bigger all the time as Somalis fleeing warfare in their country stream across the border. The camp now houses several times the number of people it was designed to hold. The Kenyan government was supposed to open a new camp, but has not done so.
Up to 10,000 people each month appear at the gates of Dadaab refugee camp in dry, dusty northeastern Kenya, fleeing the misery of war-torn Somalia.
WASHINGTON — The United States said Friday it is offering nearly $15 million for food for Somalis hit by drought and political unrest.
"The United States has approved a $14.5 million contribution to the World Food Programme to benefit Somalis in need of food assistance," Mark Toner, a State Department spokesman, told reporters.
"The United States is also staging approximately 19,000 metric tons of food aid and it's prepositioning sites worldwide in order to be prepared for additional emergency food assistance in the weeks and the months to come," he added.
NAIROBI, 31 May 2011 (IRIN) - Hundreds of children younger than five have been wounded in the latest round of fighting in Mogadishu, Somalia's capital, accounting for almost half of all trauma cases in May, according to the UN World Health Organization (WHO).
In a press statement issued on 31 May, WHO said recent data showed that the main causes of death among under-fives were burns, chest injuries and internal haemorrhaging caused by blast injuries, shrapnel and bullets.
Cibaar Hassan Ghedi, an unemployed, ex-militia living in Mogadishu, was not interested in becoming a fisherman. Nevertheless, he decided to attend a training session supported by the UNDP’s Employment Generation for Early Recovery (EGER) Project.
During the training, which targeted ex-militia, Internally Displaced Persons, and host communities in Mogadishu, Cibaar learned the basics of fishing and was given practical lessons out at sea.
► Child soldiers in the Horn – cause to remain at attention!
► Kenya and the International Criminal Court
Role and protection of human rights defenders
► Privatization of security in Somalia
Implications for the Horn of Africa
MOGADISHU — Two soldiers with the African Union force in Somalia were killed Monday in a suicide attack by Al-Qaeda loyalists that also claimed the lives of at least three attackers, AU and Somali forces said.
Shebab extremists, who pledged allegiance to Al-Qaeda last year, claimed responsibility for the attack and claimed their forces killed eight AU troops without revealing their own casualties.