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31 Oct 2007 description


In December 2006, the dissolution of the Somalia Islamic Courts Council (ICC), that attempted to unify Somalia under an Islamic state based on Shari'a law, opened up a political vacuum. Somalia's Transitional Federal Government (TFG), which is unpopular, weak and dependant on Ethiopian support, is unable to fill this gap. The previous FAST updates had reported increasing tendencies towards destabilization and political devolution in Somalia since the defeat of the ICC. The TFG's military efforts to stabilize Somalia became difficult and progress remained halted.

31 Oct 2007 description

MOGADISHU, Oct 31, 2007 (AFP) - Somali President Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed on Wednesday held talks with Ethiopian Foreign Minister Seyoum Mesfin, two days after the resignation of the war-torn country's premier.

"They are talking about the current security situation in the country, including Ethiopian army efforts to end insecurity in Mogadishu," said an official in Yusuf's office.

The pair met in the southcentral town of Baidoa two days after Ali Mohamed Gedi resigned as the country's prime minister and amid a deteriorating security situation in the capital …

31 Oct 2007 description

This report was written in cooperation with the cluster leads for Somalia

OVERVIEW

The worst fighting this year since April erupted in Mogadishu during the last weekend of October. The fighting, combined with house-to-house searches, large-scale detentions and statements by officials ordering inhabitants to leave certain districts, forced 90,000 (1) people to flee Mogadishu or move within the city during a three-day period.

31 Oct 2007 description

HIGHLIGHTS IN THIS ISSUE:

- HRF: INNOVATIONS IN HUMANITARIAN FINANCING

- REGIONAL OVERVIEW

- UPCOMING & ONGOING MEETINGS

Focus on Ethiopia is produced by UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), in collaboration with other UN agencies and partner NGOs. Focus on Ethiopia provides a monthly overview of humanitarian trends and activities in Ethiopia, as well as focusing on particular issues of interest.

31 Oct 2007 description

Los enfrentamientos en las calles de la capital somalí impiden el acceso del personal humanitario a los centros de nutrición

Madrid, 31 de octubre de 2007. El recrudecimiento de los combates entre el Gobierno Federal Transitorio y las tropas etíopes, de un lado, y las fuerzas antigubernamentales por el otro amenazan las necesidades básicas de la población de Mogadiscio. La violencia en Somalia y en los alrededores de su capital está agravando los ya de por sí alarmantes indicadores de malnutrición y los desplazamientos de población.

31 Oct 2007 description

CROSS BORDER & REGIONAL HIGHLIGHTS

Conflict in the Kivus a humanitarian threat to the region

Armed conflict in the Kivus (eastern DRC) intensified in October leading to further displacement of civilians. As of 30 October, some 13,000 refugees - mainly from Rutshuru district in north Kivu - had crossed the border into Uganda, including 5,000 in the last week of October. UNHCR is currently making preparations to relocate the refugees from the reception centre at Nyakabande, Uganda, 15 km from the border, to Nakivale, an established camp about 300 km away.

31 Oct 2007 description

"The number of people threatened by natural disasters had increased by three times over the last 30 years and the number of people affected by natural disasters doubled every 10 years. Tens of millions of people had been affected this year by floods in countries all over the world. The link between the increase in disasters and climate change, which had been predicted by scientists, was unmistakable. Also, more people were now living in exposed areas. Some of the biggest cities in the world were built in disaster zones.

31 Oct 2007 description
report IRIN

NAIROBI, 31 October 2007 (IRIN) - The worsening state of security in the Somali capital of Mogadishu has hindered the work of aid agencies trying to tackle "an unfolding humanitarian catastrophe" in the Horn of Africa country, a group of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) said.

"International and national NGOs cannot respond effectively to the crisis because access and security are deteriorating dramatically at a time when needs are increasing," 40 NGOs said in a

31 Oct 2007 description

Released Jointly by the Food Security Analysis Unit for Somalia (FAO/FSAU) and FEWS NET

Renewed armed conflict and civil insecurity in Mogadishu has resulted in a new wave of thousands of people fleeing the capital to the surrounding Shabelle regions over the last five days. This new displacement signals a significant deterioration in an already serious Humanitarian Emergency ongoing since March 2007 in the Shabelle regions due to conflict, drought and displacement, affecting more than an estimated 600,000 people

31 Oct 2007 description
report Reuters - AlertNet

NAIROBI, Oct 31 (Reuters) - An exiled leader of Somalia's Islamists gave his backing on Wednesday to insurgents fighting in Mogadishu and said the resignation of the country's prime minister would bring no change to his turbulent homeland.

Sheikh Sharif Ahmed, a top official of the Somali Islamic Courts Council who took refuge in Eritrea after Ethiopian forces and Somalia's interim government routed his movement, said the capital's rebels had a duty to liberate their country.

"Our main motive is to fight the enemy and force them out of our country," …

31 Oct 2007 description

Recent mounting violence between TFG/ Ethiopian troops and anti-government forces is putting the population in danger. The humanitarian situation of Somalis in and around Mogadishu is worsening, while numerous indicators about malnutrition and displacement were already alarming.

31 Oct 2007 description

(New York, 31 October 2007): Agencies monitoring the situation in and around Mogadishu have found that, from 27 to 29 of October, up to a further 88,000 Somalis have fled, of whom some 17,000 have been displaced within the city itself.

31 Oct 2007 description
report CARE

Geneva, Switzerland (October 31, 2007) - CARE has 3,000 tons of food in Somalia's capital, Mogadishu, and another 2,000 tons waiting for shipment in the Kenyan port of Mombassa, but has been unable to deliver it to the people who need it because of intense fighting.

"If there isn=92t a stop to the fighting, and protection of the humanitarian agencies so that we can reach people, it is hard to see how we will be able to avoid a famine," says Gary McGurk, CARE's emergency response coordinator for Somalia.

An estimated 80,000 people have fled the capital in the …

31 Oct 2007 description

MOGADISHU, Somalia, October 31 (UNHCR) - Almost 90,000 people have fled Mogadishu or moved to safer areas within the city to escape the latest outbreak of violence in the war-torn Somali capital.

An aid worker in Mogadishu had told UNHCR on Tuesday that fighting on Saturday, Sunday and Monday was "the worst in months." The situation in the city was calmer on Wednesday and the number of civilians fleeing appeared to fall though people were still seen leaving the capital or preparing to move out.

The mayor of Mogadishu, Mohamed Dheere, issued a radio message on Tuesday …