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28 Feb 2007 description

Weekly Introduction: Favio strikes Mozambique, conditions worsen in the Maize Triangle

1) Abundant to excessive rains fell across the Greater Horn during the 2006 short season.

28 Feb 2007 description

BUJUMBURA, Feb 28, 2007 (AFP) - Burundi on Wednesday said it will send 1,700 peacekeepers to Somalia as part of an 8,000-strong African Union force, while the first Ugandan contingent prepared to leave for the war-torn nation.

"The government of Burundi has accepted an AU request to send a brigade of 1,700 soldiers to Somalia," Burundi's deputy army chief Godefroid Niyombare told AFP.

He said the troops will form part of a second phase of deployment to be in Somalia by April.

"We have more than one month to prepare our soldiers.

28 Feb 2007 description

For more than a decade Somalia has been in the grip of chaos and anarchy, and the humanitarian situation is disastrous. Over 160,000 refugees are living in camps in Kenya. New waves of refugees from the crisis-ridden country are expected.

As if the misery of war, hunger and a drought in Somalia were not enough: Due to floods, several sections of the Ifo refugee camp in Kenya, near the city of Dadaab in eastern Kenya, had to be relocated. Around 30,000 people needed a new place to live.

28 Feb 2007 description

This report was written in cooperation with the UN Agencies in Somalia

HIGHLIGHTS

During February 2007, Mogadishu experienced escalating violence and insecurity with a stark increase in mortar attacks on strategic locations as well as indiscriminate shelling that resulted in dozens of civilian casualties. As a result of the unrest, according to UNHCR, over 40,000 people fled the capital in the course of the month, moving to the regions of Lower and Middle Shabelle, Bay, Gedo, and as far as Hiran and Somaliland.

28 Feb 2007 description

Highlights

Ethiopia - Food security improvement - A bumper 2006/2007 meher season has been forecast with an estimated cereal and pulse production of 20.1 million tonnes. This is about 50% above the average of previous five years. The number of people in need of emergency assistance in 2007 is, therefore, lower than in recent years and is estimated at 1.36 million, compared to 2.6 in 2006.

28 Feb 2007 description


This report is based on information received from the UN agencies in Kenya, international NGOs, Kenya Red Cross Society and other Humanitarian agencies in the country.

1.0 General Overview:

28 Feb 2007 description

For more than a decade Somalia has been in the grip of chaos and anarchy, and the humanitarian situation is disastrous. Over 160,000 refugees are living in camps in Kenya. New waves of refugees from the crisis-ridden country are expected.

As if the misery of war, hunger and a drought in Somalia were not enough: Due to floods, several sections of the Ifo refugee camp in Kenya, near the city of Dadaab in eastern Kenya, had to be relocated. Around 30,000 people needed a new place to live.

28 Feb 2007 description
report UN Children's Fund

Political and security developments

During the reporting period, the security situation in Mogadishu continued to be tense. Attacks were staged against Ethiopian troops and individuals. The targets included Ethiopian troops stationed at the former Somalia Ministry of Defence complex. Most of the victims in these incidents have been children and women some hurt when those under fire counterattack. The intermittent clashes have led to an exodus of people from Mogadishu to other locations in Central/Southern Somalia including Baidoa and Bardera.

28 Feb 2007 description

CrisisWatch:

- summarises briefly developments during the previous month in some 70 situations of current or potential conflict,

- listed alphabetically by region, providing references and links to more detailed information sources (all references mentioned are hyperlinked in the electronic version of this bulletin);

- assesses whether the overall situation in each case has, during the previous month, significantly deteriorated, significantly improved, or on balance remained more or less unchanged;

- alerts readers to situations where, in the coming month, there is a …

27 Feb 2007 description

The United Nations World Food Programme said today that Puntland authorities this morning arrested four men whom they say were part of a group that hijacked a WFP-contracted ship off the north eastern coast of Somalia. The men were arrested when they went ashore to buy supplies in the town of Bargal.

27 Feb 2007 description

KAMPALA, Feb 26, 2007 (AFP) - Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni, who plans to send troops to the African Union peace mission in Somalia, on Tuesday pleaded with the country's insurgents to spare the force designed to help in the restoration of peace.

Museveni said Ugandan forces will take precautionary measures while in Somalia, where insurgents have vowed to kill peacekeepers when they deploy to bolster the fragile government of President Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed.

"The militia have no good reason to fear us because we are there to help them rebuild their …

26 Feb 2007 description
report PlusNews

[This report does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations]

DADAAB, 26 February (PLUSNEWS) - HIV/AIDS awareness messages are falling on fertile ground in Dadaab refugee camp, in northeastern Kenya, where more than 140,000 Somalis who have fled insecurity in their home country have found a safe haven.

"Many people have acknowledged the facts on the ground - the awareness level of the people has changed a lot," said Shukri Santur Harun, a reproductive health and HIV/AIDS supervisor at a voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) centre in Dadaab, run …

26 Feb 2007 description

NAIROBI - The World Food Programme announced today that the MV Rozen, a WFP-contracted vessel, was hijacked off the coast of north-eastern Somalia, somewhere near Bargal, north of Hafun in the state of Puntland at around 0935 yesterday, Sunday, 25 February 2007.

On board the vessel are 12 crew members, six Sri Lankans, including the captain, and six Kenyans. The ship had just delivered 1,800 metric tonnes of WFP food aid and FAO equipment in Berbera and in Bossaso and was sailing empty back to Mombasa. The ship is now reported to be anchored off Bargal, in Somali waters.

26 Feb 2007 description
report UN News Service

The top United Nations envoy for Somalia today called on Muslim countries to redouble their efforts to promote stability and reconciliation in the war-ravaged State which has seen a sharp rise in fighting, especially in Mogadishu, since the Transitional Government ousted Islamist groups with Ethiopian help two months ago.

At a meeting of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) Contact Group on Somalia in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon's Special Representative François Lonsény Fall urged OIC States with contacts with the leaders of the Union of …

26 Feb 2007 description

Main Developments

Insecurity continues in Mogadishu. The airport was shelled again last week (22 February), as was Villa Somalia, while in what may be politically motivated killings, on 21 February unidentified gunmen shot dead the government-appointed district commissioner of Yaqshid district of Mogadishu and the deputy district commissioner of Wadajir district. Targeted attacks against TFG/Ethiopian troops take place almost nightly, following which Ethiopian troops retaliate by firing upon the locations from which the attacks were launched.

26 Feb 2007 description
report IRIN

NAIROBI, 26 February 2007 (IRIN) - More than 430 people have been admitted to two of Mogadishu's three hospitals with wounds sustained in the rampant violence in the city since the beginning of 2007, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) said, urging parties to the conflict to consider the welfare of civilians.

"In February alone, Keysaney Hospital, run by the Somali Red Crescent Society, and Medina Hospital have admitted more than 200 wounded, including at least 30 women and 24 children," the ICRC said in a statement.

It estimated that dozens of …

26 Feb 2007 description
report UN Mission in Sudan

Acting SRSG Tayé-Brook Zerihoun meets with AU Peace and Security Commissioner Said Djinnit

The Acting Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Sudan, Mr. Tayé-Brook Zerihoun, met yesterday with the AU Peace and Security Commissioner, Mr. Said Djinnit.