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Visiting war-torn Somalia, UN drought relief envoy calls for increased security

Report
UN News Service
The top United Nations relief official for the Horn of Africa arrived in Somalia today on the final stage of a weeklong tour, urging donors to be flexible as the aid community works on carrying out longer-term programmes in the faction-torn country, where some 2.1 million people urgently need food aid and other support this year.
In Baidoa, where the Somali parliament is now meeting, Special Humanitarian Envoy for the Horn of Africa Kjell Magne Bondevik called for increased security and access for humanitarian workers to deliver aid in a country which has lacked a functioning central
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Special Humanitarian Envoy visits Somalia

(Nairobi and New York: 1 May 2006): The United Nations Special Humanitarian Envoy, Kjell Magne Bondevik, arrived in Somalia today, the fifth stop in his tour of drought-affected countries in the Horn of Africa. He travelled to Baidoa and Wajid with donors, media and UN representatives.
In Baidoa, the Special Envoy met Prime Minister Ali Mohamed Gedi and Parliamentary Speaker Sharif Hassan Shaykh Aden. Mr. Bondevik appreciated the Transitional Federal Government's achievements to date; but underscored the need for their cooperation in
UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

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Somalia + 6 others
Funding shortfalls plague east Africa drought relief: UN

WAJID, Somalia, May 1, 2006 (AFP) - Funding shortfalls for emergency relief for millions facing acute shortages in drought-hit east Africa are threatening to exacerbate already dire conditions, a senior UN envoy said Monday.
Only 20 percent of an emergency 426-million-dollar (348-million-euro) appeal for 15 million drought-affected people in the region has yet been met, the envoy said as a British charity warned the entire relief operation was at risk.

"It is a silent tsunami," Kjell Magne Bondevik, the UN Special Humanitarian Envoy for the Horn of Africa,

Agence France-Presse:

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Shipments for Somalia

In Somalia, political unrest coupled with recurring drought has left many Somalis without access to stable sources of food. Low expectations for future harvest leave people in an ongoing state of chronic hunger. Children, the elderly, and the sick are particularly vulnerable to food shortages and lack of proper nutrition. Capitalizing on an ongoing partnership with Kaalo Relief and Development Organization in Gorawe, Counterpart's team in Somalia delivered almost 40,000 pounds of nutritious food resources donated by ISOH-IMPACT, an organization located in Ohio.
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Ethiopia + 1 other
Ethiopia, Somalia: Oxfam - long-term recovery sidelined in East Africa food crisis

Report
Oxfam
Nairobi, May 01 2006 - Lack of funding means sustainable solutions to East Africa's food crisis are being put at risk, warns aid agency Oxfam International today. According to the organization, resources are being taken from long-term projects in order to fund short-term relief. Oxfam's warning comes as United Nations Special Envoy for the Crisis, Mr. Kjell Bondevik, completes a four day tour of the region.
"Emergency relief is needed now and more of it. Donors are right to make this the first priority, but there needs to be a plan to help rebuild lives as well as save them. We risk
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Somalia: Direct Relief's programme activities update Mar 2006

Report
Direct Relief
Recipient: Cabdale H. Hersi
Shipment Number: 4868
Shipment Date: 3/9/2006
Value: $1,454,178
For over a decade, Somalia has been plagued by constant turmoil and fighting. With no permanent national government or legal system, some regions have formed independent self-governing clans leading to civil strife, overall insecurity, and hampering international aid efforts. UNICEF reports that the infant mortality rate is 133 deaths per 1,000 births, and the mortality rate for children under five years of age is 225 deaths per 1,000. Health conditions such as widespread famine
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Somalia: Heavy rains kill five, displace hundreds

Report
IRIN
[This report does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations]
HARGEYSA, 1 May 2006 (IRIN) - Flash floods, triggered by torrential rains, have killed five people in the Hiraan region of southcentral Somalia, community leaders said.

"We found three of the dead carried by floods and we managed to retrieve the dead bodies," Saleban Jim'aale, a village elder from the town of Jalalaqsi, about 180 km north of the capital, Mogadishu, said. "The majority of people are homeless and they are spending the night in hilly areas."

IRIN:

A selection of IRIN reports are posted on ReliefWeb. Find more IRIN news and analysis at http://www.irinnews.org

Une sélection d'articles d'IRIN sont publiés sur ReliefWeb. Trouvez d'autres articles et analyses d'IRIN sur http://www.irinnews.org

This article does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations or its agencies. Refer to the IRIN copyright page for conditions of use.

Cet article ne reflète pas nécessairement les vues des Nations Unies. Voir IRIN droits d'auteur pour les conditions d'utilisation.

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Sudan + 12 others
Crop prospects and food situation - No.1 Apr 2006

HIGHLIGHTS
- World cereal production in 2006 is forecast to decline marginally from last year's good level. Wheat output is expected to decrease reflecting smaller crops in the United States and the CIS in Europe, due to adverse weather. Production of coarse grains is tentatively forecast to decline mostly as a result of reduced plantings anticipated in the United States. Rice output may increase as very early prospects are favourable.

- In Eastern Africa, recent rains eased somewhat drought conditions in the pastoral areas of the Horn, where 7.9

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Humanitarian situation in Somalia: Monthly analysis, Apr 2006

This report was written in cooperation with the UN Agencies in Somalia
HIGHLIGHTS

The early warning issued in February 2006 by FAO/FSAU that some regions of southern Somalia could face a moderate risk of famine conditions during the second half of 2006 if the Gu rains failed, has now dissipated. Good and generally well distributed rains fell over much of southern and northwest Somalia during April, and just recently over the northeast, mitigating the effects of the drought. This said, while the start of the 2006 Gu season brings welcome improved conditions, it

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

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Algeria + 18 others
OCHA - Geneva Natural Disasters Highlights No. 4

Pakistan earthquake: six months after
8 October - 8 April - Six months after the earthquake, reconstruction has begun in countless villages and hamlets. The internally displaced persons are gradually returning to their place of origin.

The relief efforts have been relatively successful. A second wave of deaths was avoided. No massive population movements took place. No epidemics broke out. More than 500,000 tents were delivered; some 5 million-iron sheets were distributed; over 6 million blankets/quilts were provided. A nutrition survey

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

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Migrant remittances in the context of crisis in Somali society: A case study of Hargeisa

Researched, written and published by the Humanitarian Policy Group at ODI
Since the 1980s, Somali society has experienced a protracted crisis, or series of crises, with devastating consequences for ordinary people. At the macro level, there are the political problems of factional fighting and an ongoing crisis of state institutions, as well as the economic problems of drought, disruption of the livestock trade by restrictions in foreign markets, and severe local currency depreciations. Within and often linked to these wider political and economic contexts
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Somalia: Food Security and Nutrition - Basic social services and protection of vulnerable groups

1.0 Introduction

1.1 Every country in the world strives to achieve food security. What makes food security in Somalia an enormous challenge is the multitude of hazards and their complex interactions that impede such an outcome. From 15 years of civil war to an arid climate plagued with successive droughts. From a population devoid of education and health services to the deliberate destruction of irrigation, roads and productive infrastructure. From societal norms that preclude fishing as a source of income and food, to the rapidly expanding social acceptance of the narcotic

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Somalia revives local politics in new bid for peace

by Ali Musa Abdi
BAIDOA, Somalia, April 29, 2006 (AFP) - Somalia on Saturday launched a plan to create new local authorities, as a move towards restoring central government control over the country and end more than a decade of anarchic bloodletting.

The aim, supported by donor countries and the United Nations, is to create district-based transitional development committees to help the powerless government of Prime Minister Ali Mohamed Gedi exert authority across the shattered East African nation.

Warlords have defied more than 14 efforts

Agence France-Presse:

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Kenya + 4 others
Kenya hit by measles outbreaks and polio looms on the borders

by Omar Valdimarsson in Nairobi
One and a half million Kenyan children are at risk of contracting measles after an upsurge of confirmed measles outbreaks in about 39 districts in Kenya. Health institutions in the country are on high alert since the sudden increase in measles cases. The reason for the outbreaks, according to Dr. James Kisia, Kenya Red Cross's Head of Health & Social Services, can be attributed to the ongoing severe drought, low immunisation coverage, a high rate of malnutrition among children,
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Sudan + 2 others
Kenya presses world to back Sudan, Somali peace deals

by Bogonko Bosire
NAIROBI, April 28, 2006 (AFP) - Kenyan President Mwai Kibaki on Friday urged the international community to help the conflict-torn east African nations of Sudan and Somalia to implement peace deals in order to restore stability in a region that has been blighted by conflict for decades.

He made the appeal during a state banquet for visiting Chinese President Hu Jintao, who is on the last leg of his round-the-world trip.

Kibaki said the world's support was essential to help Sudan implement a peace deal signed in January 2005 that helped

Agence France-Presse:

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Angola + 28 others
WFP Emergency Report No. 17 of 2006

This week's report covers the following sectors: Agriculture, Coordination and Support Services, Education, Food, Health, Refugees and IDPs, Security, Shelter and Non-food Items, Water & Sanitation

(A) Highlights

(B) Middle East,Central Asia and Eastern Europe: (1) Occupied Palestinian Territories (2) Pakistan

(C) East & Central Africa: (1) Congo (2) Congo, DR (3) Eritrea (4) Ethiopia (5) Rwanda (6) Somalia (7) Sudan (8) Tanzania (9) Uganda

(D) West Africa: (1) Cote d'Ivoire (2) Guinea (3) Niger

(E) Southern Africa: (1) Angola

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Djibouti + 3 others
Horn of Africa (Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, & Somalia) - Complex Emergency Situation Report #9 (FY 2006)

U.S. AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
BUREAU FOR DEMOCRACY, CONFLICT, AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE (DCHA)
OFFICE OF U.S. FOREIGN DISASTER ASSISTANCE (OFDA)

Note: The last situation report was dated April 25, 2006.

BACKGROUND

Successive seasons of failed rains, including the critical October to December 2005 season, have contributed to a humanitarian emergency across the Horn of Africa. Poverty, weak governance, and in some cases political marginalization of local populations have compounded chronic food insecurity in the region. Effects of the drought are particularly

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Monthly nutrition update for Somalia - Apr 2006

Overview
During April, the onset of rains in many areas offered some relief in terms of access to water and pasture but also presented additional challenges to humanitarian organisations delivering essential aid to populations experiencing food security crises. A number of areas in the north have not received rain and both humans and animals are experiencing increased distress.

Throughout the south, population movement continues and levels of malnutrition remain generally high and subject to fluctuations. There can be little doubt that early humanitarian and