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Somalia: Hundreds of thousands threatened by drought

Report
IRIN
NAIROBI, 1 March (IRIN) - An estimated 200,000 pastoralists in Somalia's northern and central regions are threatened by prolonged drought considered the worst in 30 years, a flash report by the European Commission and USAID funded FAO/FSAU - Food Security Analysis Unit, and USAID funded FEWS-Net warned.
The report said the rains that fell in the area were below average, leading to massive livestock deaths, loss of normal income sources through milk and meat sales, sharp price increases for water trucking, increasing indebtedness and for the worst affected
IRIN:

A selection of IRIN reports are posted on ReliefWeb. Find more IRIN news and analysis at http://www.irinnews.org

Une sélection d'articles d'IRIN sont publiés sur ReliefWeb. Trouvez d'autres articles et analyses d'IRIN sur http://www.irinnews.org

This article does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations or its agencies. Refer to the IRIN copyright page for conditions of use.

Cet article ne reflète pas nécessairement les vues des Nations Unies. Voir IRIN droits d'auteur pour les conditions d'utilisation.

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Djibouti + 2 others
Refugees arrive back in Somalia as agencies seek fresh aid

HARGEISA, Somalia, March 1 (UNHCR) - Hundreds of Somali refugees are returning home from Djibouti with the start of UNHCR repatriation convoys to north-western Somalia. This comes as aid agencies appeal for $111 million to help the war-torn country.
Some 220 Somali refugees returned from Djibouti to the self-declared republic of Somaliland in the north-west last Friday with assistance from the UN refugee agency, bringing to more than 430 the number of refugees who have gone back since the middle of February.

The latest group of returnees left Djibouti's

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UNICEF Somalia Review Feb 2004

Political developments
Tension continued between Northwest Somalia ('Somaliland') and Puntland over the disputed Sool region. On 18 February, it was reported that the Puntland Minister of Education had defected to Somaliland with his vehicle and some militia.

Differences between two leaders of the Rahanweyn Resistance Army (RRA) Sheikh Aden Madoobe and Mohamed Ibrahim Habasade over the Somali National Reconciliation and Peace Conference in Nairobi, Kenya, continued. Another leader Col Hassan Mohamed Nur (Shatigaduud) was in Nairobi attending the peace talks.

Security developments

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Somalia: Humanitarian Update Feb 2004

SOOL / SANAAG
Political Situation:

Elders from clans living in the contested Sool and Sanaag areas are involved in negotiations with Somaliland and Puntland authorities in a bid to avoid armed conflict over the contested Sool region. Despite the heavy presence of armed personnel in and around Las Anod, the Sool regional capital, the situation remains calm with no reported cases of conflict. Reports indicate that the resident population is not in support of conflict between Somaliland and Puntland, and this has generally had a calming effect.

Drought Update:

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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Burundi + 8 others
FEWS Greater Horn of Africa Food Security Update Feb 2004: Government and donor pledges needed


The March to May 2004 climate forecast for the Greater Horn of Africa tends towards enhanced probabilities of near normal-rainfall conditions

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Lesotho + 38 others
FAO/GIEWS Foodcrops and Shortages No. 1/2004

CROP AND FOOD SUPPLY SITUATION

OVERVIEW

As of February 2004, the number of countries facing serious food shortages throughout the world stands at 38 with 24 in Africa, 7 in Asia, 5 in Latin America and 2 in Europe. In many of these countries, food shortages are being compounded by the effect of the HIV/AIDS pandemic on food production, marketing and transport: recently published joint FAO/WFP Crop and Food Supply Assessment reports highlight this factor

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Afghanistan + 14 others
Nutrition information in crisis situations - Report number 1

Highlights
Ethiopia - Better prospect for 2004 - The 2003/2004 Meher cereal harvest is estimated at 13.05 million MTs, which is 46% higher than the 2002/2003 season and 11% above the last five-year average. The pastoral areas, such as Somali region, lowland Bale in Oromya and South Omo, are however, facing a severe drought. At country level, the estimated number of food aid beneficiaries has dropped by 50% in 2004, compared to 2003; at regional level, the number of people in need of food aid has sharply decreased in all regions except Gambella
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Angola + 8 others
Millions of Africa's refugees could go home soon, says UNHCR official

GENEVA, Feb 27 (UNHCR) - Millions of Africans uprooted by war are in sight of the day when they can return to their countries, UNHCR's head of operations in Africa told a press conference at the agency's Geneva headquarters today.
Speaking to the media at the Palais des Nations, Africa Bureau Director for UNHCR David Lambo said that thanks to ongoing peace efforts in various regions of Africa, there are potentially more than 2 million refugees who may want to return home over the next three to five years.

Noting that the world is seeing "a

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Afghanistan + 28 others
WFP Emergency Report No. 9 of 2004


This report includes:
(A) Middle East, Central Asia and Eastern Europe: (1) Afghanistan, (2) Iran, (3) Morocco

(B) East and Central Africa: (1) Burundi, (2) D.R. Congo, (3) Djibouti , (4) Eritrea, (5) Ethiopia, (6) Kenya, (7) Rwanda, (8) Somalia, (9) Sudan, (10) Tanzania, (11) Uganda

(C) West Africa: (1) Chad, (2) Guinea, (3) Sierra Leone

(D) Southern Africa: (1) Regional , (2) Angola , (3) Lesotho , (4) Madagascar, (5) Mozambique, (6) Namibia, (7) Swaziland, (8) Zambia, (9) Zimbabwe

(E) Asia: (1) DPR Korea, (2) Myanmar

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Thousands in Somalia threatened by food shortages

(New York, 27 February 2004): More than 200,000 people in Somalia's northern and central regions face extreme food shortages due to a prolonged drought considered the worst in 30 years, a new report has warned.
Several years of below-normal rainfall have caused "extreme stress" in the pastoral areas in those areas, leading to massive deaths of livestock and loss of income from sales of milk and meat, according to the report, jointly produced by the UN-EU Food Security Assessment Unit and USAID's Famine Early Warning Systems Network.

Between 20 percent and 80 percent of

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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UN appeals for 111 million dollars to assist Somalia

NAIROBI, Feb 27 (AFP) - UN agencies and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) operating in Somalia on Friday appealed for 111 million dollars to assist the war-torn Horn of Africa nation this year.

"The money will be used to fund a variety of emergency, recovery and development projects that will provide much needed assistance to the Somali people," a statement issued by the UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator for Somalia Maxwell Gaylord said.

Gaylord also urged donors to provide urgent support to more than 200,000 Somalis whose livelihoods are threatened

Agence France-Presse:

©AFP: The information provided in this product is for personal use only. None of it may be reproduced in any form whatsoever without the express permission of Agence France-Presse.

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Agencies appeal for US$111m to help the Somali people, plus additional funds for drought

Nairobi (27 February 2004) -- The United Nations agencies and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) operating in Somalia are appealing to donors for US $111 million for the year 2004 to fund a variety of emergency, recovery and development projects that will provide much needed assistance to the Somali people.
The UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator for Somalia, Mr Maxwell Gaylard, also appealed to donors to provide urgent support to more than 200,000 Somali pastoralists whose livelihoods are threatened due to prolonged drought in Northern Somalia. Of these vulnerable
UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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Ethiopia + 3 others
Food shortages threaten hundreds of thousands of refugees in Kenya

Nairobi, 26 February 2004 - Refugees in Kenya face food shortages in the coming months unless WFP gets immediate cash infusions or further food donations.
WFP urgently requires US$14 million to prevent cuts in food rations and to continue feeding 221,000 refugees in Kenya up to the end of December 2004.

The Agency will run out of cereals by April and will have no food supplies for refugees by June if further donations are not made immediately.

"The imminent cut in food rations will put at risk the health and lives of refugees, especially women and

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Kenya + 2 others
Kenya: Thousands of refugees threatened by food shortage

Report
IRIN
NAIROBI, 25 February (IRIN) - The UN's World Food Programme (WFP) says thousands of refugees in northern Kenya face food shortages in the coming months unless the organisation gets immediate assistance.
In a statement issued on Wednesday, the WFP said it "urgently requires US $14 million to prevent cuts in food rations and to continue feeding 221,000 refugees in Kenya up to the end of December 2004."

It warned that "if further donations are not made immediately", by April the agency would run out of cereals

IRIN:

A selection of IRIN reports are posted on ReliefWeb. Find more IRIN news and analysis at http://www.irinnews.org

Une sélection d'articles d'IRIN sont publiés sur ReliefWeb. Trouvez d'autres articles et analyses d'IRIN sur http://www.irinnews.org

This article does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations or its agencies. Refer to the IRIN copyright page for conditions of use.

Cet article ne reflète pas nécessairement les vues des Nations Unies. Voir IRIN droits d'auteur pour les conditions d'utilisation.

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UN SC reiterates firm support for Somali reconciliation process, welcomes declaration signed in Nairobi as 'important step' towards peace

SC/8007
Security Council
4915th Meeting (PM)

The Security Council this afternoon, reiterating its firm support for the reconciliation process in Somalia, welcomed the recent signing of a declaration aimed at harmonizing issues as "an important step towards lasting peace", and called on Somali parties to build on that progress and swiftly conclude the National Reconciliation Conference by establishing a viable transitional government.

In a statement read out by its President, Wang Guangya (China), the Council urged all the signatories to that agreement,

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Lesotho + 6 others
Africa: Drought and floods hazards assessment 26 Feb 2004


CCA Guidance for Gulf of Guinea Rainfall in March-May 2004 at One Month Lead

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Ethiopia + 2 others
Severe food shortage for refugees in Ethiopia, UNHCR warns donors

GENEVA, Feb 24 (UNHCR) - The UN refugee agency has made an urgent appeal for donors to act immediately to avert malnourishment and starvation among some 126,000 refugees in Ethiopia.
Affected by a shortfall in contributions, the UN World Food Programme (WFP) recently announced that it will cut food rations in Ethiopia's camps starting next month, and possibly run out of food altogether in May.

The impending ration cuts will mean that