- OCHA Humanitarian Bulletin Somalia March 2015 | Issued on 24 April 2015
- FSNAU Post-Deyr 2014 Food Security and Nutrition Outlook Feb to Jun 2015
- OCHA: A call for humanitarian aid - Responding to the needs of those affected by the protracted emergency in Somalia | Updated March 2015
Appeals & Funding
- Strategic Response Plan 2015
- Humanitarian Needs Overview 2015
- CHF (Common Humanitarian Fund)
Daily Key messages
Humanitarian partners only have fuel left for two more weeks of life-saving operations. Hospitals too will shut down in one week unless additional fuel becomes available. Fuel shortages in country and restrictions on imports mean that additional fuel is difficult to come by and can cost as much as US$10 per litre.
Attack on UN aid workers in Puntland underscores the dangerous and difficult operating environment aid workers face in Somalia.
Onset of principal rainy season brings relief to dry conditions, but heightens the risk of flooding and disease outbreaks.
More money transfers organizations shut down further jeopardizing Somali remittance lifeline
-# of people in humanitarian emergency and crisis 7 731,000
-# of people in food security stress 2.3m
(New York, 21 April 2015) Yesterday's horrific attack on UNICEF staff in Somalia is a reminder of the dangers faced by many humanitarian aid workers on a daily basis. Aid workers are increasingly targets, with serious consequences for our ability to reach people who urgently need help. Attacks on humanitarian workers can constitute a war crime and are in total violation of international humanitarian and human rights law.
Those who perpetrate these attacks must be held accountable.
IOM assisted the return of nearly 170 Ethiopians from Yemen. IOM evacuated nearly 300 people from more than 20 countries through the humanitarian bridge to Khartoum. Direct flights from Sanaa to Ethiopia are also expected to begin in the coming days.
The Government allocated resources to procure 5000MT of maize to cover shortfalls in the first round relief food ration.
Daily Key messages
Humanitarian partners urgently require US$274 million to meet the immediate life-saving needs of 7.5 million conflict-affected people over the next three months.
Government of Kenya calls for the closure of Dadaab refugee camp following terrorist attack in Garissa.
Fighting resumes in South Sudan as peace talks stall yet again.
Over 20,000 South Sudanese refugees received in neighbouring countries since February 2015.
Food security expected to deteriorate from April - June 2015 in most countries in the region.
More than 6,500 Burundian refugees flee tensions in Burundi ahead of June 2015 presidential elections.
Daily Key messages
Assessment findings show that conflict has significantly exacerbated humanitarian needs for millions of affected people in Yemen.
With the start of Gu rains at end of March, the main planting season in Somalia has begun.
Sufficient rains will be critical for the 3 million people currently facing food insecurity. This will support crop production, pasture growth and replenishment of water supplies especially in agro-pastoral and pastoral livelihood zones. The Gu (April-June) is the season during which about 75 per cent of annual rainfall is recorded.
Steep increase in forced evictions in Mogadishu. Displaced people lost belongings and moved to areas with limited or no services.
Humanitarian access through the major supply roads remain constrained in southern and central regions of Somalia.
Timely humanitarian funding crucial to sustain response to 2.8 million Somalis.
In this issue
The 2015 appeal calls for US$386 million to address the relief food needs of 2.9 million people and emergency needs in the nutrition, WaSH, health, agriculture and education sectors. With $41 million carry-over from 2014, the target is $344 million. Additional humanitarian needs are expected in all sectors in the coming weeks given the delayed 2015 belg (mid-February to May) rains and its impact on water availability as well as food and nutrition situations in affected areas.
The humanitarian crisis in Somalia remains among the largest, most protracted and most complex emergencies in the world today. About 731,000 Somalis face acute food insecurity despite improvements in some areas due to the contribution of good October to December rains, improved commercial flow in southern and central regions and the delivery of humanitarian assistance. A further 2.3 million people are on the verge of slipping into acute food insecurity, bringing the number of people in need to 3 million.
274 UN agencies and NGOs implementing activities in Somalia
157 Estimated number of UN agencies and NGOs with physical presence (offices) in Somalia
This report is produced by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) in collaboration with humanitarian partners. It covers the period from January to 31 December 2015. It was first issued on 19 November 2014 and updated on 5 March 2015.
CONTEXT AND HUMANITARIAN NEEDS
Relatively good 2014 Deyr rains, improved flow of commercial goods to southern and central Somalia and concerted humanitarian assistance helped prevent the worsening of the humanitarian situation. Despite the improvement, 731,000 Somalis are still unable to meet their minimum food needs and 2.3 million will face difficulties meeting their basic food needs over the next six months, bringing the number of people in need to 3 million.
About 731,000 Somalis currently face acute food insecurity and 2.3 million people are at risk of sliding back into crisis and emergency levels of food insecurity. Relatively good rains in October to December, improved flow of goods and humanitarian assistance are responsible for this improvement. Despite this, malnutrition levels remain high with 203,000 children acutely malnourished. Of these, 38,000 children are severely malnourished and need medical treatment and therapeutic food to survive.
Humanitarian needs in Yemen stem mainly from life-threatening consequences of endemic poverty and underdevelopment. Conflict also plays a role, including the temporary displacement of 100,000 people in 2014. However, Governorates with the greatest concentrations of need are mostly outside conflict areas. Recent insecurity has had little impact on needs or aid operations. Partners are confident they can deliver aid across the country, provided adequate resources are available.