- FEWS NET Food Security Outlook Update June 2015
- OCHA Humanitarian Bulletin April 2015 | Issued on 25 May 2015
- Report of the Secretary-General on Somalia (S/2015/331)
Appeals & Funding
- Strategic Response Plan 2015
- Humanitarian Needs Overview 2015
- CHF (Common Humanitarian Fund)
Humanitarian assistance continues across Somalia and as of 30 May, partners have treated about 107,000 children under five for acute malnutrition and reached 335,000 people with food assistance focusing on those in emergency and crisis.
Somalia’s humanitarian crisis remains fragile. A total of 3 million people need humanitarian assistance including 731,000 in emergency and crisis. This continues to be compounded by floods, forced evictions of internally displaced people, and the people fleeing conflict in Yemen. However, almost halfway through 2015, only 26 per cent of funding against the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2015 has been covered. This is affecting the capacity of humanitarian partners to respond to these increasing needs.
The Gu rainy season (April - June) started on time in most parts of Somalia. Moderate rainfall has been received in southern and central Somalia. If the rains are good, they will allow for increased crop production, pasture growth and replenishment of water reservoirs. This is crucial for improving the food security situation of the 3 million people who are in need of humanitarian and livelihood assistance.
SOMALIA HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE PLAN 2015
The Somalia Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) is underfunded, with only $99 million, or 12 per cent, reported against the $863 million required so far. An additional $38 million has been contributed to humanitarian activities outside of the appeal, bringing the total humanitarian funding to $137 million.
Additional contributions are urgently needed to fund life-saving activities and humanitarian basic services to prevent the deterioration of the humanitarian situation in Somalia.
With the start of Gu rains at end of March, the main planting season in Somalia has begun.
Sufficient rains will be critical for the 3 million people currently facing food insecurity. This will support crop production, pasture growth and replenishment of water supplies especially in agro-pastoral and pastoral livelihood zones. The Gu (April-June) is the season during which about 75 per cent of annual rainfall is recorded.
Relatively good 2014 Deyr rains, improved flow of commercial goods to southern and central Somalia and concerted humanitarian assistance helped prevent the worsening of the humanitarian situation. Despite the improvement, 731,000 Somalis are still unable to meet their minimum food needs and 2.3 million will face difficulties meeting their basic food needs over the next six months, bringing the number of people in need to 3 million.
About 731,000 Somalis currently face acute food insecurity and 2.3 million people are at risk of sliding back into crisis and emergency levels of food insecurity. Relatively good rains in October to December, improved flow of goods and humanitarian assistance are responsible for this improvement. Despite this, malnutrition levels remain high with 203,000 children acutely malnourished. Of these, 38,000 children are severely malnourished and need medical treatment and therapeutic food to survive.
The humanitarian situation in Somalia remains worrisome despite modest improvements. About 731,000 Somalis face acute food insecurity, a decrease of 29 per cent from the July – December 2014 estimates. An additional 2.3 million people are at risk of sliding into the same situation. This brings the number of people in need of humanitarian and livelihood support to 3 million.
Malnutrition rates still high
With US$400 million funding received in 2014, humanitarian partners responded to the most urgent needs, with particular focus on life-saving activities that helped prevent the situation from sliding back into a major crisis. As a result of increased advocacy highlighting the needs in the affected areas and partners’ ability to re-programme activities, food security partners reached nearly 1,400,000 people with livelihood investment and asset activities.
Somalia will continue to require high level attention and support in 2015 to avert a major crisis. Close to 600,000 vulnerable Somalis will be at risk of no longer receiving critical assistance from June, nearly 350,000 as early as February. In 2014, 1.5 million people were without primary health-care services, including 300,000 children under 5 years of age. In 2015, humanitarian partners request for US$863 million to respond to significant humanitarian needs.
The people of Somalia continue to face a severe humanitarian crisis. Over 1 million Somalis are unable to meet their basic food requirements, an increase of 20 percent since February 2014. This is the first time the number of people in need of life-saving assistance has increased since the end of the devastating famine in 2011. In addition, the food security situation of over 2.1 million people remains fragile, bringing the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance to 3.2 million.
SOMALIA HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE 2014
The Somalia humanitarian response is severely underfunded having received US$576 million to date. The funding includes $371 million, (40 per cent) contribution to the $933 million requested under the 2014 humanitarian response plan (HRP) and $205 million funded to projects outside the appeal.