- OCHA Humanitarian Dashboard - Dec 2014 (issued on 27 Feb 2015)
- FSNAU Post-Deyr 2014 Food Security and Nutrition Outlook February to June 2015
- Report of the Secretary-General on Somalia (S/2015/51)
Appeals & Funding
- Strategic Response Plan 2015
- Humanitarian Needs Overview 2015
- CHF (Common Humanitarian Fund)
SUMMARY JAN-DEC 2014: Forced evictions remain a critical protection concern in Mogadishu, but also in other parts of Somalia, predominantly urban areas. From January to December 2014, over 32,500 individuals of whom the vast majorities (over 90%) are IDPs have been forcibly evicted from public and private land and buildings in Mogadishu. Over 17,000 people remain at imminent risk of forced evictions in the capital. Throughout 2014, reports of forced evictions were highest in Mogadishu’s Hodan district given its prime location and recently, improved security and accessibility.
Conflict and unfavourable climatic conditions remain the main drivers of food insecurity and displacement in the Eastern Africa region. Despite growing humanitarian needs, a difficult global humanitarian financing climate has forced humanitarian country teams in the region to prioritize response plans.
The humanitarian situation in Somalia remains worrisome despite modest improvements. About 731,000 Somalis face acute food insecurity, a decrease of 29 per cent from the July – December 2014 estimates. An additional 2.3 million people are at risk of sliding into the same situation. This brings the number of people in need of humanitarian and livelihood support to 3 million.
Malnutrition rates still high
In 2015, partners in Yemen aim to assist 8.2 million people with a range of services that will save lives, protect civilians and promote resilience. To deliver on these targets, partners are seeking $748.1 million – of which $284.7 million (38 per cent) is for the most critical life-saving and protection programmes.
With US$400 million funding received in 2014, humanitarian partners responded to the most urgent needs, with particular focus on life-saving activities that helped prevent the situation from sliding back into a major crisis. As a result of increased advocacy highlighting the needs in the affected areas and partners’ ability to re-programme activities, food security partners reached nearly 1,400,000 people with livelihood investment and asset activities.
Somalia will continue to require high level attention and support in 2015 to avert a major crisis. Close to 600,000 vulnerable Somalis will be at risk of no longer receiving critical assistance from June, nearly 350,000 as early as February. In 2014, 1.5 million people were without primary health-care services, including 300,000 children under 5 years of age. In 2015, humanitarian partners request for US$863 million to respond to significant humanitarian needs.
Donor contributions are monetary donations provided by Governments and the private sector. This mechanism gives them the opportunity to pool their unearmarked contributions to a specific country. With these pooled donations, CBPFs offer rapid and flexible financing instruments to scale up humanitarian operations, increase humanitarian access, and strengthen our partnerships with local and international NGOs and UN agencies. This complements the overall humanitarian response based on affected people's needs identified under country-specific strategic response plans.
Seasonal outlook and impact on food security
There has been a general decrease in the number of food insecure people as harvests continue across the region. Following an extended dry period and delayed onset of rains, a large part of the arid, semi-arid lands (ASALs) have received below-average rainfall providing limited relief.
The people of Somalia continue to face a severe humanitarian crisis. Over 1 million Somalis are unable to meet their basic food requirements, an increase of 20 percent since February 2014. This is the first time the number of people in need of life-saving assistance has increased since the end of the devastating famine in 2011. In addition, the food security situation of over 2.1 million people remains fragile, bringing the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance to 3.2 million.