- FEWS NET Food Security Outlook Update May 2015
- Report of the Secretary-General on Somalia (S/2015/331)
- OCHA Humanitarian Bulletin March 2015 | Issued on 24 April 2015
Appeals & Funding
- Strategic Response Plan 2015
- Humanitarian Needs Overview 2015
- CHF (Common Humanitarian Fund)
Key planning figures
12.1 6 million food insecure people in crisis and emergency phases (Apr-15)
6.62 million people displaced internally (Mar-15)
2.3 million refugees in the region (Mar-15)
950 million US$ funded (May 2015)
Key drivers of crisis in the region
Conflict and Insecurity
The Gu rainy season (April - June) started on time in most parts of Somalia. Moderate rainfall has been received in southern and central Somalia. If the rains are good, they will allow for increased crop production, pasture growth and replenishment of water reservoirs. This is crucial for improving the food security situation of the 3 million people who are in need of humanitarian and livelihood assistance.
1 Strategic Response Plans in the MENA region received US$ 1.03 billion. The largest recipient wasSyria, with US$ 465 million, followed by Iraq with US$ 88.6 million. Yemen recently launched a Flash Appeal requesting $273.7 million. In total, the appeals and SRPs are 17.4% funded with a 82.6% shortfall.
SOMALIA HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE PLAN 2015
The Somalia Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) is underfunded, with only $99 million, or 12 per cent, reported against the $863 million required so far. An additional $38 million has been contributed to humanitarian activities outside of the appeal, bringing the total humanitarian funding to $137 million.
Additional contributions are urgently needed to fund life-saving activities and humanitarian basic services to prevent the deterioration of the humanitarian situation in Somalia.
Food security is expected to deepen for many vulnerable households as the lean period start by end April - May. Malnutrition levels are expected to worsen after May and are already above critical thresholds in parts of northern Kenya, eastern and southern Ethiopia, rural Djibouti, and south-central Somalia.
With the start of Gu rains at end of March, the main planting season in Somalia has begun.
Sufficient rains will be critical for the 3 million people currently facing food insecurity. This will support crop production, pasture growth and replenishment of water supplies especially in agro-pastoral and pastoral livelihood zones. The Gu (April-June) is the season during which about 75 per cent of annual rainfall is recorded.
LIVELIHOOD PROGRAMMING: SEASONAL CALENDARS, PROGRAMMING OPTIONS AND COMMUNITY ACTION PLANS
As of March 2015, country-level Food Security Clusters/Sectors are on average only 20% funded 20% while coordination remains critical.
The 2015 appeal calls for US$386 million to address the relief food needs of 2.9 million people and emergency needs in the nutrition, WaSH, health, agriculture and education sectors. With $41 million carry-over from 2014, the target is $344 million. Additional humanitarian needs are expected in all sectors in the coming weeks given the delayed 2015 belg (mid-February to May) rains and its impact on water availability as well as food and nutrition situations in affected areas.
At the end of October, 2014, heavy rains fell in south-central Somalia in the upper parts of the Shabelle basin along the Somali-Ethiopian border. The Shabelle and Juba rivers overflowed their banks, affected an estimated 50,000 people, many of whom were displaced. Initial assessments showed WaSH, shelter and food needs.