- Food Security Outlook October to March 2015
- Forced returns to south and central Somalia, including to al-Shabaab areas: A blatant violation of international law - Amnesty
- Remarks by Humanitarian Coordinator Philippe Lazzarini at the High Level Partnership Forum on Somalia Copenhagen, 20 November 2014
Appeals & Funding
- Strategic Response Plan 2014
- CHF (Common Humanitarian Fund)
Aid workers use different modalities to expand humanitarian access
The people of Somalia are facing a deepening humanitarian crisis. Over 1 million Somalis are unable to meet their basic food requirements, an increase of 20 per cent since February this year. This is the first time the number of people in need of life-saving assistance has increased since the end of the devastating famine in 2011, an indication that the modest gains made in the last two years are being reversed. A further 2.1 million people are on the verge of slipping into acute food insecurity, bringing the number of people in need of humanitarian aid to 3.2 million.
Continuing fighting in Al Bayda and Ibb Governorates has caused limited displacement of people and shut down schools. Humanitarian access to affected areas is difficult because of security concerns. In Sana’a, recent fighting caused grave violations against children. During October, a record number of migrants from the Horn of Africa died at sea.
The Somalia Strategic Response Plan (SRP) remains severely underfunded. The plan has received a reported 34 per cent of the requested US$933 million. Entering the final quarter of 2014, humanitarian partners face significant funding gaps to respond to the humanitarian needs of disaster-affected people in Somalia.
September saw political turmoil and an outbreak of conflict in Sana'a claiming some 274 lives and leaving 470 wounded. Beyond treating casualties, protection needs, psychosocial counselling and a need for removal of explosive remnants of war there was limited humanitarian need resulting from the conflict. Despite the uncertain political situation in Yemen there has been a marked increase in the influx of migrants and refugees from Africa - in excess of 10,500 people in August.
Somalia is again facing a serious crisis due to a lethal mix of drought, surging food prices, rising malnutrition, conflict and funding gaps. Over 3 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance and the numbers are on the rise. With another external shock, fragile gains made since the 2012 famine could be eroded and the country could easily tip back into another devastating emergency.
Over 1 million people in Somalia face acute food insecurity. This is a 20 percent increase, from 857,000 people, six months ago. This brings the number of people in need of humanitarian aid or livelihood support to over 3 million, according to new findings from the Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit and the Famine Early Warning Systems Network. The worsening situation is due to a lethal mix of drought, surging food prices, increasing malnutrition, insecurity and slow funding.
MALNUTRITION ON THE RISE
Somalia Strategic Response Plan 2014
The Somalia Strategic Response Plan (SRP) 2014 is severely underfunded. The plan has received slightly above a third of the requested US$933 million. Over half a billion US dollars is still required to respond to the vast humanitarian needs in Somalia.
Population movement is a major contributor to the crisis in Yemen, as people on the move often face greater difficulties in meeting their basic needs. Migrants, IDPs and refugees are also exposed to gross violations of their human rights. Several waves of conflict, insecurity and lack of access have made it extremely difficult to accurately estimate new displacements and needs.
Attacks against humanitarian workers are on the rise in the Middle East, North Africa, Afghanistan, Pakistan and South Sudan. For the period 2013-2014, 298 incidents were recorded against humanitarian workers, in which 286 were killed, 441 wounded and 402 kidnapped. The overwhelming majority of victims are national staff, with Non-Governmental Organizations the most affected.
Over the last decade, there has been a steady increase in the number of attacks, with 2013 witnessing the highest number of incidents
Somalia Strategic Response Plan (SRP) 2014
The Somalia SRP was severely underfunded as of 31 July, having received US$269 million (29 per cent) of the $933 million requested.
This includes $19.4 million in carry-over funds. About $664 million is still required to fund the aid operations in 2014
Requirements and funding per cluster
Humanitarian needs in Somalia remained immense, with 2.9 million people requiring assistance. Poor rainfall, continued conflict, surging food prices, increasing malnutrition and the restricted flow of commercial goods all contributed to worsen an already fragile situation. A significant funding shortfall and access restrictions reduced response capacity to reach people in need.
In June 2014, the UN Emergency Relief Coordinator allocated US$75 million from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) to support 11 countries in two regions where humanitarian needs are high but financial support is low: West Africa’s Sahel and the Horn of Africa. With this regional approach, CERF aims to help relief agencies address the complex and interlinked regional consequences of violent conflict, mass displacement of people and deepening food insecurity. This is the second of two annual Underfunded Emergencies (UFE) rounds.
Food security situation in Somalia is expected to deteriorate in the second half of the year, according to FAO’s Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNAU) and Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWSNET). The food crisis could worsen due to poor and erratic rains, continued conflict, restricted flow of commercial goods, increasing malnutrition and surging food prices. Due to below normal rains, the overall harvest is expected to be poor, resulting in cereal prices rising significantly in the southern parts of Somalia.