- FEWS NET: Somalia Seasonal Monitor May 23, 2017)](http://reliefweb.int/node/2045004)
- WFP East & Central Africa Horn of Africa Drought Crisis Situation Report #5, 23 May 2017
- OCHA Somalia: Drought Response - Situation Report No. 8 (as of 16 May 2017)
Appeals & Funding
- Horn of Africa: A Call for Action, February 2017
- Operational Plan for Famine Prevention (Jan-Jun 2017)
- Humanitarian Needs Overview 2017
- Humanitarian Response Plan May 2017
- 2016-2018 Humanitarian Strategy
- FAO Somalia Famine Prevention and Drought Response Plan (Feb-Jul 2017)
- Humanitarian Action for Children 2017
- IOM Appeal Somalia Drought, January - June 2017
- UNHCR Somalia Situation Supplementary Appeal 2017
- IOM Humanitarian Compendium
- Country-based Pooled Fund: 2016
- Business Guide: North-East Nigeria, South Sudan, Yemen and Somalia: Prevent Famine and Support Response
- OCHA Somalia
- UNHCR Information Sharing Portal: Refugees in the Horn of Africa: Somali Displacement Crisis
- FSNAU (FAO Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit Somalia)
- SWALIM (Somalia Water and Land Information Management)
- Human Rights Watch: Somalia - Events of 2016
- New Deal Somalia
- UNSOM (UN Assistance Mission in Somalia)
- Food Security Cluster: Somalia
- Logistics Cluster: Somalia
In April 2017, Somalia had witnessed a significant upsurge of suspected cholera cases, with new cases reaching to 16 612 including 249 related deaths (CFR 1.5%) for the month of April.
During the month, 28 out of 30 stool samples collected from suspected patients tested positive for Vibrio cholerae 01 (Serotype Ogawa).
Since the beginning of the 2017, the cumulative number of suspected cases of cholera reported stands at 36 066 including 697 deaths with a case fatality rate of 1.9%.
The humanitarian situation in Somalia is on the verge of catastrophe, and concern is growing that the trajectory is worryingly similar to Somalia’s 2011 famine disaster, when an estimated 260,000 people died. Today an estimated 6.2 million, more than half the country’s population, face acute food shortage and the number of severely malnourished children is on the rise. This desperate situation comes against a backdrop of protracted conflict that has disrupted livelihoods and vital services such as health and water, sinking the country deeper into crisis.
Between 1 January and 30 April 2017, 37,235 persons arrived in Italy by sea. This is a 33% increase compared to sea arrivals in the same period last year (27,926). As in previous years, monthly arrivals were comparatively lower during the winter, due to less favourable weather and sea conditions. Monthly arrivals increased in the spring: in April 2017, 12,943 refugees and migrants reached Italian shores.
Between 1 January and 30 April 2017, 5,190 unaccompanied and separated children arrived in Italy by sea, representing 14% of all sea arrivals in this period. This proportion is comparable to the first four months of 2016, when 16% of those arriving by sea were UASC. Their numbers, however, have increased compared to last year, when 4,541 UASC arrived in the first four months of the year.
More than 20 million people in Nigeria, South Sudan, Somalia and Yemen are experiencing famine or a credible risk thereof over the coming six months. To avert a humanitarian catastrophe in the four countries, humanitarian operations require more than US$6.3 billion in 2017. Of this amount $4.9 billion is urgently needed for life-saving assistance in the key areas of food security, health, nutrition, and water, sanitation and hygiene, as these are key sectors of famine response and prevention.
The humanitarian situation continues to deteriorate and the possibility of famine in 2017 persists.
Drought-related displacement and malnutrition continue to spike. Major disease outbreaks such as AWD/cholera and measles are spreading.
Humanitarians are scaling up famine prevention activities, reaching millions of people with life-saving assistance. Further scale-up is urgently required.
683,000 drought displacements since November 2016
39,000 arrivals to Mogadishu 1 - 30 April 2017
55,000 arrivals to Baidoa 1 - 30 April 2017
131,000 drought-displaced during 1 - 30 April 2017
The humanitarian situation in Somalia has rapidly deteriorated in 2017. Over 6.2 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance and more than 600,000 have been newly displaced since November 2016. Humanitarian partners have significantly scaled up humanitarian assistance, but joint efforts need to be sustained to avert famine in the worst drought-affected areas.
Over 20 million people in north-east Nigeria, South Sudan, Yemen and Somalia are already at or over the tipping point of famine. Thanks to the generosity of its donors,CERF has released $93 million for early action and life-saving operations in Nigeria, Somalia and South Sudan. In north-east Nigeria, an allocation of $22 million is reaching an estimated 2.9 million people affected by Boko Haram related violence and food insecurity. In Somalia, CERF has allocated $33 million to help vulnerable people in severe drought areas in Puntland, Somaliland and South Central.
The Horn of Africa is facing one of the worst droughts in decades, leaving more than 14 million people in Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia in urgent need of food assistance. Extensive crop failures, record low vegetation coupled with livestock death and limited water resources are affecting the region.
Between 1 January and 31 March 2017, 24,292 persons arrived in Italy by sea. This is a 29% increase compared to sea arrivals in the same period last year (18,777). As in previous years, monthly arrivals were comparatively lower during the winter, due to less favourable weather and sea conditions.
Between 1 January and 31 March 2017, 3,491 unaccompanied and separated children arrived in Italy by sea, representing 14% of all sea arrivals in this period. This proportion is comparable to the first three months of 2016, when 15% of those arriving by sea were UASC. Their numbers, however, have increased compared to last year, when 2,680 UASC arrived in the first three months of the year.
In March 2015, conflict erupted in Yemen and thousands of refugees and migrants fled to neighbouring countries, including Oman, Saudi Arabia, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia and Sudan. While the number of new arrivals from Yemen to the Horn of Africa remained low in 2016 and continues to do so in 2017, the ongoing humanitarian crisis inside the country remains dire. At the same time, large numbers of refugees and migrants from the Horn make the journey to Yemen.
Since conflict erupted in Yemen in March 2015, Yemenis, Somalis, national returnees and people of other nationalities have fled Yemen into the Horn of Africa, namely Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia and Sudan.
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