- Somalia: Drought Response - Situation Report No. 1 (as of 24 March 2017)
- UNICEF Somalia Humanitarian Situation Report #02 1-15 March 2017
- WFP Somalia Country Brief, February 2017
Appeals & Funding
- Horn of Africa: A Call for Action, February 2017
- Operational Plan for Famine Prevention (Jan-Jun 2017)
- Humanitarian Needs Overview 2017
- Humanitarian Response Plan 2017
- 2016-2018 Humanitarian Strategy
- FAO Somalia Famine Prevention and Drought Response Plan (Feb-Jul 2017)
- Humanitarian Action for Children 2017
- IOM Appeal Somalia Drought, January - June 2017
- IOM Humanitarian Compendium
- Country-based Pooled Fund: 2016
- Business Guide: North-East Nigeria, South Sudan, Yemen and Somalia: Prevent Famine and Support Response
- OCHA Somalia
- UNHCR Somalia displacement portal
- FSNAU (FAO Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit Somalia)
- SWALIM (Somalia Water and Land Information Management)
- Human Rights Watch: Somalia - Events of 2016
- New Deal Somalia
- UNSOM (UN Assistance Mission in Somalia)
- Food Security Cluster: Somalia
- Logistics Cluster: Somalia
Key facts on the 4 countries:
20m people facing risk of famine
1.4m children are severely malnourished
US$1.2bn needed by WFP for next 6 months
Scaling up to avert possible famine requires:
Integrated response with all partners
More than 20 million people in Nigeria, South Sudan, Somalia and Yemen are experiencing famine or at risk of famine over the coming six months. UN agencies and humanitarian partners are ready to scale up the response to avert a catastrophe, but the necessary funds and access to do so are required immediately.
NIGERIA - EMERGENCY
An elevated risk of famine persists in the north-east. Some areas remain inaccessible to humanitarians, leaving affected people in life-threatening conditions.
SOUTH SUDAN - FAMINE
Famine Prevention Operational Dashboard
The Horn of Africa is facing one of the worst droughts in decades, leaving almost 12 million people in Ethiopia and Somalia in urgent need of food assistance. Extensive crop failures, record low vegetation coupled with livestock death and limited water resources are affecting Somalia and South and Eastern Ethiopia. CERF has released a total of $36.5 million to help 2.8 million people - more than 20% of the affected population - in Somalia and Ethiopia.
The humanitarian situation is deteriorating rapidly and famine continues to be possible in 2017. Humanitarian partners are scaling up the response in most affected areas. Food Security cluster partners have, for example, more than doubled the number of people reached with improved access to food to more than 1 million, up from 490,000 people reached in January.
Further scale-up of assistance is urgently required.
Data analyzed from various partner reports show that drought and conflict in the region has had a negative impact on families, with women and girls bearing a heavier brunt because of prevailing gender roles and practices. Women in parts of Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya are struggling to keep their families alive amidst devastating drought caused by cyclical below-average rains. Conflict and displacement in the region has led to an increase of gender-based violence, especially among women and girls.
Between 1 and 31 January 2017, 4,467 persons arrived to Italy by sea. This is a slight decrease compared to sea arrivals at the end of January 2016 (5,273). As in previous years, monthly arrivals were comparatively lower during the winter, due to less favourable weather and sea conditions.
Between 1 and 31 January 2017, 820 children arrived in Italy by sea: 97% of them arrived unaccompanied (798). UASC account for some 18% of all sea arrivals in the above period, an increase of around 24% compared to January 2016.
As of 28 February, United Nations Coordinated Appeals and Refugee Response Plans within the Global Humanitarian Overview (GHO) require $22.6 billion to meet the humanitarian needs of 95.3 million crisis-affected people in 33 countries. Needs and financial requirements have increased due to finalization of the Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) requesting around $2.1 billion and together the appeals are funded at $1.6 billion, leaving a shortfall of $21.0 billion.
PRMN is a UNHCR-led trend analysis project that aims to monitor movements of displaced populations into and within Somalia. On behalf of UNHCR, NRC and 39 local partners in the field in Somalia (South Central regions, Puntland and Somaliland) collect data through interviews with refugee and IDP returnees, and with IDPs and host communities conducted at strategic locations along travel routes. Reports are reviewed and published by UNHCR to broaden insight into movement trends for analytical and programmatic purposes.
The drought situation in Somalia is rapidly deteriorating. Over 6.2 million people, more than half of the population, are in need of humanitarian assistance. Some 3 million people now need urgent life-saving assistance, compared to 1.1 million in September 2016. Without a massive and urgent scale up of humanitarian assistance, famine could soon be a reality in the worst drought-affected areas.
FAO and IGAD partnered together to conduct a rapid assessment from 12 to 18 January 2017, visiting 32 locations in cross-border areas of Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia to understand drought impact on livelihoods, food security and nutrition in order to inform appropriate and coordinated responses in affected areas.
The humanitarian situation in Somalia has deteriorated rapidly. Unless a massive and urgent scale up of humanitarian assistance takes place in the coming weeks, famine could soon be a reality in some of the worst drought- affected areas. The number of people in need has increased to 6.2 million - 50 per cent of the population - up from 5 million six months ago. In the worst drought-affected areas, poor rainfall and lack of water has wiped out crops and killed livestock, while communities are being forced to sell their assets, and borrow food and money to survive.