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25 Feb 2017 description

Increased displacements caused by drought in South & Central Somalia

Based on ongoing reports from UNHCR PRMN’s partners in the field, new displacements of at least 47,000 individuals have been reported due to the ongoing drought in the period 1-23 February 2017. These movements are predominantly from rural areas to urban and peri-urban locations.

1. Mogadishu arrivals 1-16 February 2017

24 Feb 2017 description

About the Project

The PRMN (Protection & Return Monitoring Network) is a UNHCR-led project which acts as a platform for identifying and reporting on displacements (including returns) of populations in Somalia as well as protection incidents underlying such movements. This note covers issues relating to the methodology of recording displacements but does not cover all aspects of the PRMN platform.

Network coverage

24 Feb 2017 description

Switzerland has pledged to take direct action to help populations facing starvation, especially in South Sudan. The decision follows a call issued by the United Nations Secretary-General on 22 February 2017. Swiss Humanitarian Aid, a department of the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), is to release CHF 15 million from its fund for humanitarian emergencies for countries hit by famine in the beginning of this year.

24 Feb 2017 description

Global Overview

Whether unprecedented or not, the challenges currently facing our global security are immense and cause for considerable alarm. It is difficult to think of a time in recent history when there has been such a confluence of destabilising factors – local, regional and global – hindering collective capacity to better manage violence. These overlapping risks, unchecked, could coalesce into a major crisis – indeed we are currently experiencing a spike in global conflict violence – without the safety net of solid structures to deal with it.

24 Feb 2017 description

Overview

76 million
people in need of aid as a result of emergencies – almost 60% of all people-in-need globally

30 million
people displaced (internally and in neighboring countries) as a result of conflict and natural disasters

7 graded emergencies
directly and indirectly affecting a total of 14 countries

Protracted emergencies
in Somalia and Sudan

H5N1, MERS CoV, Polio
health security threats currently in the Region

24 Feb 2017 description

Executive Summary

This report has been developed collectively with humanitarian partners in the region to inform preparedness and advocacy efforts to mitigate and manage humanitarian risk in the Horn of Africa and Great Lakes region*. It presents a three-month trend analysis from October to December 2016 and a humanitarian outlook from January to March 2017. It is the sixth report in the series and updates the previous scenario report which was published in October 2016.

Regional Trends: October-December 2016

24 Feb 2017 description

Crisis overview

Severe drought conditions are rapidly deteriorating food security, nutrition, and health levels across Somalia. A pre-famine warning was declared in January, and there is currently a larger population at risk than in the 2011 famine. Below average gu (April-June) rainfall is predicted in most of the country, with famine conditions likely in localised areas if humanitarian assistance cannot reach all populations in need. Due to continued insecurity, this scenario is a distinct possibility.

24 Feb 2017 description
report Oxfam

Oxfam calls for immediate humanitarian and political action

The world stands on the brink of an unprecedented four famines in 2017 due to a catastrophic failure of the global community to uphold its obligations to the most vulnerable of people.

Oxfam today calls on donors to take immediate action to help as many as 20 million people now at risk of starvation.

24 Feb 2017 description

Somalia - IOM, in partnership with the Rural Education and Agriculture Development Organization (READO), a local NGO, is introducing a drought resistant variant of sweet potatoes which will help mitigate the impact of drought in Somalia. The latest drought period has left over 6.2 million people in need of humanitarian assistance.

24 Feb 2017 description
file preview
Screenshot of the interactive content as of 24 Feb 2017.
24 Feb 2017 description
file preview
Screenshot of the interactive content as of 24 Feb 2017.
24 Feb 2017 description

The Government of Japan has allocated USD 34.3 million to support IOM’s operations to assist vulnerable migrants including displaced persons, refugees, returnees and affected communities around the world in 2017.

The funding will also contribute to increasing the capacity of various governments in humanitarian border management to cope with displacement resulting from conflicts and to enhance security.

24 Feb 2017 description

Key messages

  • Somalia is ranked first in the 2016 fragile states index. According to the UN, out of 12 million inhabitants, more than half are food insecure and in need of humanitarian assistance. 363 000 children are acutely undernourished and 1.1 million Somalis are internally displaced, under constant threat of insecurity and armed conflict.

23 Feb 2017 description

The Shelter Clusters’ main target population was previously restricted to the internally displaced populations. However, since the beginning of the year 2016, the refugee return component has been added to the cluster coordination system. There remain an estimated 1.1 million protracted IDPs in Somalia, which has remained static for more than three years. Since the end of 2014 until August 2016, in total 50,152 Somalia persons have returned from both Yemen (28,458) and Kenya (21,694). 135,000 Somali refugees are projected to return to Somalia by the end of the year 2017.

23 Feb 2017 description

Highlights

  • Without massive and urgent scale-up of humanitarian assistance in the coming weeks, it is likely that famine will hit some of the worst drought-affected areas in Somalia by mid-2017.

  • WFP requires USD 374 million in order to provide immediate relief assistance and lifesaving nutrition services to the most vulnerable people in drought affected areas for the next six months.

Operational Updates

23 Feb 2017 description
  • Nigeria, Somalia, Sudan del Sur y Yemen presentan una situación de inseguridad alimentaria alarmante.

  • Acción contra el Hambre, presente en todos ellos desde hace varios años, lanza un llamamiento a los donantes para poder seguir atendiendo las necesidades más urgentes de estas poblaciones.

Madrid, 23 de febrero de 2017

23 Feb 2017 description

1. BACKGROUND

Humanitarian agencies in Somalia have been implementing Cash Transfer Programs (CTP) since at least 2003 and routinely consider cash interventions, as an option for meeting beneficiaries needs with varied programmatic and operational approaches.
Somalia’s Food Security Cluster (FSC) has a strong cash transfer programming history which, over time, has allowed it to accumulate a wealth of knowledge regarding good/bad practices and lessons learned.

23 Feb 2017 description

[with UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, UNDP Administrator, Ms. Helen Clark; Emergency Relief Coordinator, Mr. Stephen O’Brien; Ms. Ertharin Cousin, Executive Director of the World Food Programme (by video conference); Ms. Carla Mucavi, Director of FAO Liaison Office in New York, and Mr. Justin Forsyth, Deputy Executive Director of UNICEF]

22 Feb 2017 description

More than 20 million people in North-East Nigeria, South Sudan, Somalia and Yemen are facing famine or a credible risk of famine over the coming six months. With access to people in need and sufficient funding, the United Nations and its partners can avert famine and provide the necessary relief and support where famine already exists.