The eye of category 5 Tropical Cyclone Pam passed close to Efate Island in Shefa Province, where the capital Port Vila is located one year ago.
The cyclone recorded winds of around 250 km per hour, and gusts peaking at 320 km per hour.
188,000 people were affected and 11 people died.
Early warning systems and the provision of evacuation centres by the Government of Vanuatu prevented a higher death toll.
The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats. This issue covers the period 6-12 March 2016 and includes updates on Zika virus, haemolytic uraemic syndrome in Romania and seasonal influenza.
The Fiji government says relief rations to some of the worst affected communities after Cyclone Winston will continue for up to six months.
The Prime Minister Frank Bainimarama said the government would maintain this support for recovering villages and communities until they were able to cater for their needs.
The second meeting of the Emergency Committee was convened by the Director-General under the International Health Regulations (2005) on 8 March 2016. The Committee advised that the clusters of microcephaly cases and other neurological disorders in some areas affected by Zika virus continue to constitute a Public Health Emergency of International Concern, and that there is increasing evidence that there is a causal relationship with Zika virus.
The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats. This issue covers the period 28 February to 5 March 2016 and includes updates on Zika virus, haemolytic uraemic syndrome in Romania and seasonal influenza.
The 2015-2016 El Niño has passed its peak but it remains strong and will continue to influence the global climate. It is expected to weaken in the coming months and fade away during the second quarter of 2016. The World Meteorological Organization states that models indicate a return to an El Niño neutral state during the second quarter of 2016. Meanwhile, strong El Niño conditions are quite likely through March-April. It is too early to predict if there will then be a swing to La Niña (the opposite of El Niño).
Between 1 January 2007 and 3 March 2016, a total of 52 countries and territories have reported autochthonous (local) transmission or indication of transmission of Zika virus (41 since 1 January 2015). Five of these countries and territories reported a Zika virus outbreak that is now over. In addition, three countries and territories have reported locally acquired infection, probably through sexual transmission.
The following syndromes have been flagged:
· Acute Fever and Rash: French Polynesia, Palau, Tokelau
· Influenza-like Illness: : Federated States of Micronesia (FSM), Solomon Islands
· Diarrhoea: FSM, Niue, Samoa, Solomon Islands
· Prolonged fever: Tuvalu
Tropical Cyclone Winston
Administered by SPREP, the Regional Technical Support Mechanism (RTSM) is a registered network of experts in climate change who can provide coordinated and timely technical advice on appropriate resource opportunities, strategic approaches and technical assistance on climate change, as linked to food security and infrastructure, to Pacific island countries on a needs basis.
This network also provides, where necessary, support in developing project proposals, preparing reporting requirements and implementing, and monitoring projects.
Between 1 January 2007 and 25 February 2016, a total of 52 countries and territories have reported autochthonous (local) transmission of Zika virus, including those where the outbreak is now over and countries and territories that provided indirect evidence of local transmission. Among the 52 countries and territories, Marshall Islands, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, and Trinidad and Tobago are the latest to report autochthonous transmission of Zika virus.
Long-term recovery efforts from the devastation left by tropical cyclone Pam will receive a welcome boost in four Pacific Island nations following a EUR 6 million funding agreement between the Pacific Community (SPC) and development bank KfW, on behalf of the Government of Germany.
The funding agreement and some of the practical recovery measures it will support were announced on Tuesday night in Port Vila, Vanuatu, by the Pacific Community Director-General, Dr Colin Tukuitonga.
The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats. This issue covers the period 21-27 February 2016 and includes updates on Zika virus, measles and seasonal influenza.