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Eritrean seeking safe-passage to Sudan was led into a nightmare

KASSALA, Sudan, 16 April (UNHCR) – After 20 members of her religious congregation were imprisoned in Eritrea, Semret knew she had to flee to the safety of Sudan. The 25-year-old woman left on foot with a smuggler recommended by a friend – straight into a tragedy.

The Pentecostal church is among many denominations suffering severe restrictions. Anyone practising outside the four approved religions of Orthodox Christianity, Sunni Islam, Catholicism and Lutheranism can face prison, threats and harassment.

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Eritrea + 4 others
Ransom, Collaborators, Corruption: Sinai Trafficking and Transnational Networks

Report
Tufts University

Each month thousands of men, women, and children flee Eritrea as a result of grave violations of human rights committed by the Eritrean government. Traveling via Sudan and Egypt, 36,000 Eritreans have made their way to Israel over the past six years, via a well-organized network of people smugglers and human traffickers. For the last two years, Israeli, Egyptian, and international human rights organizations have reported severe torture and abuse of Eritreans being held hostage in the Sinai by these traffickers.

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Eritrea + 1 other
Trapped Between Political Persecution in Eritrea and Misery of Refugee Camps

By Saikou Jammeh

BANJUL , Jun 22 2013 (IPS) - In February 2013, 20-year-old Mohamed*, like hundreds of thousands of other Eritreans, fled the brutal dictatorship in that East African nation in search of a better life in neighbouring Sudan.

But for Mohamed and others like him, escaping into neighbouring countries has brought no end to their suffering. Many of them have become the victims of human traffickers and Mohamed’s family believes that this was his fate too.

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Destination Unknown: Eritrean Refugee Torture and Trafficking

Eritrea is considered one of the most repressive countries in the world; Freedom House, in its annual ranking of countries based on democratic freedom, considers Eritrea “one of the worst of the worst”. Since gaining independence from Ethiopia twenty years ago, the destitute and politically isolated country is often accused by international human rights groups of unlawful executions, tor-ture, and citizen detention.

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Eritrea + 2 others
Eritrean women face threat of abuse even after they leave: report

Report
Sudan Tribune

April 28, 2013 (KHARTOUM) - Eritrean women fleeing their country’s oppressive regime are increasingly finding themselves the repeat victim of abuse, exploitation and violence once outside their homeland, a new report by a women’s rights group has found.

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Mediterranean Review - February 19, 2013

This document provides an overview of developments in the Mediterranean Basin and other regions of interest from 05—18 February 2013, with hyperlinks to source material highlighted and underlined in the text. For more information on the topics below or other issues pertaining to the region, please contact the members of the Med Basin Team, or visit our website at www.cimicweb.org

Inside this Issue

In Focus 1
North Africa 2
Northeast Africa 4
Horn of Africa 5

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Israel: Asylum Seekers Blocked at Border

Eritreans Pushed Back to Egypt, Despite Risk of Abuse

Human Rights Watch:



© Copyright, Human Rights Watch 350 Fifth Avenue, 34th Floor New York, NY 10118-3299 USA

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Louder than words: An agenda for action to end state use of child soldiers

The report “Louder than words: An agenda for action to end state use of child soldiers” is published to mark the tenth anniversary year of the entry into force of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict. It examines the record of states in protecting children from use in hostilities by their own forces and by state-allied armed groups. It finds that, while governments’ commitment to ending child soldier use is high, the gap between commitment and practice remains wide.

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Eritrea's brutal trade in weapons and people that is too lucrative to stamp out

Report
Guardian

Refugees smuggled with arms from Eritrea to Sinai face weeks of torture as captives of criminal gangs – under noses of the UN

Read the full article in the Guardian.

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Tel Aviv: Violence against African migrants

At least 17 people were arrested yesterday in Tel Aviv for acts of violence against African immigrants during a demonstration against the presence of asylum seekers and illegal migrants in Israel, from various African nations.

According to the Haaretz newspaper, Some 1,000 protesters rallied in Tel Aviv’s Hatikva neighborhood, where numerous people from Eritrea, Sudan and South Sudan live.

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Stop deporting Eritreans, Opposition urges Sudan and Egypt

Report
Sudan Tribune

By Tesfa-Alem Tekle

January 20, 2012 (ADDIS ABABA) – An exiled Eritrean opposition alliance has called on the governments of Egypt and Sudan to provide legal protection to the tens and thousands of Eritrean refugees.

The Addis Ababa-based Eritrean National Council for Democratic Change (ENCDC) called on Cairo and Khartoum to refrain from forcibly returning the refugees to Eritrea where they say they could be subjected to prosecution or possible death up on return.

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Thousands of Eritreans flee forced conscription

By Jenny Vaughan (AFP)

SHIRE, Ethiopia — For 12-year-old Eritrean refugee Ablel, the decision to flee his country was relatively simple.

"I didn't want to be a soldier," he says with a shy smile, revealing a mouthful of crooked teeth.

Getting out, however, was a harder challenge. He is one of thousands of youngsters risking death to sneak across Eritrea's heavily militarized border every month into neighbouring Sudan and Ethiopia.

Agence France-Presse:

©AFP: The information provided in this product is for personal use only. None of it may be reproduced in any form whatsoever without the express permission of Agence France-Presse.

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UNHCR deeply concerned by deportation of Eritreans from Sudan

GENEVA – UNHCR strongly condemns the recent deportation of Eritrean asylum-seekers by Sudan. In the latest incident yesterday, one asylum-seeker died while another was seriously wounded.

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Refugees battling for a better life

Report
IRIN

KHARTOUM/KASSALA, 1 July 2011 (IRIN) - The first official Eritrean refugees arrived in Sudan in 1968; today, an estimated 1,600 cross the border every month to seek refuge in Shagarab, a large camp in the east of Sudan.

The UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) estimates that northern Sudan has more than 100,000 Eritrean refugees but in 43 years, the profile of the refugees has changed.

IRIN:

A selection of IRIN reports are posted on ReliefWeb. Find more IRIN news and analysis at http://www.irinnews.org

Une sélection d'articles d'IRIN sont publiés sur ReliefWeb. Trouvez d'autres articles et analyses d'IRIN sur http://www.irinnews.org

This article does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations or its agencies. Refer to the IRIN copyright page for conditions of use.

Cet article ne reflète pas nécessairement les vues des Nations Unies. Voir IRIN droits d'auteur pour les conditions d'utilisation.

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Eritrea + 3 others
Humanitarian Bulletin - Weekly Humanitarian Highlights in Ethiopia, 27 June 2011

La Niña Update – Seasonal Outlook

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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Disruption at Choucha Camp near Tunisia-Libya border

This week saw serious disruption at the Choucha camp near the Tunisia - Libya border where around 4,000 migrant workers and refugees from the conflict in Libya are accommodated pending humanitarian evacuation to their countries of origin or other solutions.

Four Eritreans died in a fire in the Eritrean block of the camp on Sunday night as residents were sleeping. Twenty tents were lost, and the cause is being investigated. At the time, the Choucha camp was hosting some 4,500 people - mostly Somalis, Eritreans, and Sudanese.

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Eritrea + 6 others
Italy must drastically improve conditions facing refugees, asylum seekers and migrants fleeing North Africa, including Libya

Rome/Brussels - Once again, the international medical aid organisation Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) calls on Italian authorities to drastically improve reception conditions for new arrivals, particularly for the most vulnerable - women, children, unaccompanied minors and victims of violence.

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2010 Human Rights Report

Eritrea is a one-party state that became independent in 1993 after its citizens voted for independence from Ethiopia, following 30 years of civil war. The People's Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ), previously known as the Eritrean People's Liberation Front, is the sole political party and has controlled the country since 1991. The country's president, Isaias Afwerki, who heads the PFDJ and the armed forces, dominated the country. The government continued to postpone general elections which have not taken place since independence in 1993.

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Turmoil in Libya and the Darfur Conflict

The wave of popular uprisings sweeping across the Arab world has not yet reached Sudan. The early, Egyptian manifestation inspired attempts at protests in Khartoum, none of them successful, and energized a reformist movement among Islamists, especially at the universities, focusing on corruption and the dysfunction of institutions.