- OCHA Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 05, 25 – 31 Jan 2016
- Human Rights Watch: Sudan: Events of 2015 [EN/AR]
- FEWS Network Food Security Outlook Update January 2016
Appeals & Funding
- 2015 Humanitarian Needs Overview
- Humanitarian Response Plan 2015
- Humanitarian Action for Children 2016
- Common Humanitarian Fund (CHF) in 2015 PDF XLS
- CHF (Common Humanitarian Fund)
The civil war in South Sudan, which began as a political conflict between elites, has evolved over the past two years into a tribal war, reigniting historic grievances and encouraging military opportunism and revenge. The war is now perceived by many South Sudanese as a zero-sum struggle where the exclusion of competing tribes from political power and the monopolization of resources for personal gain have become the principal aims of the belligerents.
Syria: The military offensive in Aleppo governorate has displaced more than 40,000 people since late January, and the number of displaced is reported to be increasing. There is concern that a siege of opposition-held areas of Aleppo city is imminent. An estimated 20,000 newly displaced Syrians are stuck at the Bab al Salam crossing along the Syria–Turkey border, as Turkey has denied them entry into Turkish territory.
Summary of WFP assistance: In July 2015, WFP Sudan launched a two-year Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation (PRRO, 2015-2017), valued at USD 693 million and aiming to reach 5.2 million people in total. Between July and December 2015, WFP intended to reach nearly 3.5 million beneficiaries. Following long-standing efforts to bring improved food security to vulnerable communities in Sudan facing complex emergencies, the new PRRO supports a gradual shift from relief operations to recovery and resilience activities.
GENEVA (5 February 2016) – The United Nations Independent Expert on the situation of human rights in the Sudan, Aristide Nononsi, today called for an immediate end to hostilities that have triggered new protection and humanitarian concerns in Darfur. He warned that, in the last two weeks, tens of thousands of civilians have been forced to flee their homes in the Jebel Marra area of Darfur after a new escalation of violence.
Eleven children reportedly died of malnutrition while taking shelter in one of the highest peaks in Jebel Marra, at the end of January. Three women died at childbirth. Returning militiamen spark fear among residents in western Jebel Marra.
A medical assistant who said he managed to visit the area with activists, told Radio Dabanga on Wednesday that the children and women died in Balbal area between 19 and 27 January. “We found about 5,000 civilians who have fled their villages because of the aerial bombardments in Jebel Marra.”
In Ethiopia, the number of new arrivals from South Sudan has significantly dropped and on average one refugee arrives in Gambella daily. The new arrivals enter thorough Pagak, Burbie, Akobo or Raad.
The total number of new arrivals from South Sudan since 15 December 2013 is 226,473 individuals (221,280 in Gambella and 5,053 in the Benishangul-Gumuz Region). 71% of the adult refugee population are women and girls and 68% are children. The cumulative number of South Sudanese refugees in Ethiopia is 281,205.
- El Niño“drought effect” likely to have a long-lasting impact as people’ resilience continues to be eroded
- Ethiopia battling worst drought in decades
- Drought, food in security and power shortages stalk southern Africa region
- Cholera, a preventable disease, kills thousands across eastern and southern Africa
- Protracted conflicts to complicate humanitarian situation
- Funding shortfalls paralyse humanitarian responses
- Fighting in Sana’a governorate continues with pro-Hadi forces claiming to have taken control of the strategic Nihm area amid intensified Saudi airstrikes. With forces advancing towards the capital, president Hadi has reportedly vowed that military operations will continue until Sana’a is liberated.
- On 3 February, an airstrike targeted a cement factory in Amran, reportedly killing 15 civilian workers in neighboring businesses.
• Over 31,000 people are estimated to have fled their homes in the Jebel Marra area and taken refuge in North Darfur.
• HAC Central Darfur is verifying reports of 13,700 people displaced from the Jebel Marra.
• IOM and HAC have started the registration of IDPs and refugees in South Kordofan’s eastern corridor, which runs from El Abassiya to El Leri.
• Blue Nile State authorities have said that an interagency needs assessment mission will start in the first half of February.
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A total of USD 172.2 million* in financial requirements for the Yemen Situation, including USD 115.5 million in additional requirements, for the period January - December 2016:
- USD 12.8 million for Djibouti
- USD 10.4 million for Ethiopia
- USD 18.3 million for Somalia
- USD 1.4 million for Sudan
- USD 126 million for Yemen
USD 3.2 million for Regional and global activities
This total includes support costs (7%).
Snapshot 27 January – 2 February 2016
Boko Haram in Nigeria, Cameroon, and Chad: 86 people were killed and 62 injured, with 15 missing after Boko Haram set fire to Dalori, near Maiduguri in Borno state. The past week also saw attacks in Chibok that left 13 dead and 30 injured. 40 civilians were reported dead after Cameroonian troops announced they were carrying out a search for BH militants in the area. In Cameroon, 52 people were killed in BH attacks in January. In Chad, two suicide bombings in Lac region left three dead and 56 wounded.
The month saw an intensification of Yemen’s war, amid heightened regional rivalries between Saudi Arabia and Iran complicating prospects for peace. Political tensions increased in Haiti, Guinea-Bissau and Moldova, where protests over endemic corruption and a lack of confidence in the government could escalate. In Africa, Boko Haram’s deadly attacks increased in northern Cameroon, and Burkina Faso was hit by an unprecedented terror attack.
- 1,696,962 internally displaced people
- 643,046 South Sudanese refugees in neighboring countries
- 263,000 refugees in South Sudan
- 20,694 refugee new arrivals in South Sudan
- 10 refugee camps
- 6 UNMISS Protection of Civilians sites for IDPs
- $116,275,632 in funding received by UNHCR (28% of the budget required for comprehensive needs)