- OCHA Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 34 | 17 – 23 August 2015
- FEWS NET Food Security Outlook July to December 2015
- UNICEF Humanitarian Situation Report, June 2015
Appeals & Funding
- Common Humanitarian Fund (CHF) in 2015 PDF XLS
- 2015 Humanitarian Needs Overview
- Sudan Humanitarian Response Plan 2015
- CHF (Common Humanitarian Fund)
High food prices and conflict in South Sudan and Yemen leading to continued Emergency
Increased rainfall across Hispaniola due to tropical storm activity
Africa Weather Hazards
Widespread, heavy rainfall over the past few weeks has caused flooding over local areas of West Africa. Heavy rain is forecast to continue during the next week, elevating flooding risks over many already saturated areas.
Significant rainfall is forecast to continue over eastern Chad and western Sudan, heightening risks for localized flooding and potential waterborne disease outbreaks.
• 9,500 IDPs in Central Darfur’s Guldo town finally receive food aid.
• 6,600 South Sudanese refugees in White Nile State still need emergency shelter and household supplies.
• 114,000 South Sudanese refugees who arrived in Sudan since mid-December 2013 have received some form of humanitarian assistance.
• 22,000 people displaced due to inter-tribal conflict in North Darfur’s Mellit area need aid.
Snapshot 11 August – 25 August 2015
Haiti: Insecurity has increased since legislative elections. Violence and intimidation were reported at many polling stations and a second round of voting is planned, following low voter turnout. Food security has deteriorated as a result of prolonged drought conditions since the beginning of 2015: poor households in Sud, Sud-Est, Nord-Est and Artibonite will remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food security outcomes through December. Recent cholera rates are triple those of the comparable time period in 2014.
Abundant rain has continued across a wide portion of West Africa.
Despite a recent increase in rain, seasonal deficits have persisted over parts of the Greater Horn of Africa.
1) Although an increase in rain has been observed over Eastern Africa during the past few weeks, seasonal deficits have persisted in south-central and eastern Sudan, western Eritrea, and northeastern Ethiopia due to the delayed onset and uneven rainfall distribution to the June-September season.
In the 10 weeks since it began its work, the Panel of Experts on South Sudan has travelled extensively within South Sudan and to Ethiopia, Kenya, the Sudan and Uganda. Throughout, the Panel has consulted the parties prosecuting the war and those most affected by it, including internally displaced persons, tribal and community leaders, civil society organizations, humanitarian actors and peacekeepers. The report represents the preliminary findings of that research.
A political party has predicted a food gap for the Sudanese people in the coming season, because of the delayed entry of the rainy season, and a poor preparation of irrigation projects. The irregular rainfall has resulted in concerns about a rise in food prices.
Mohamed Mukhtar El Khatib, the Sudanese Communist Party's secretary, told Radio Dabanga that poor preparations, lack of diesoline, and lacking water canal maintenance will lead to shortages in key crops such as sesame, sunflower, and groundnuts.
Poorly distributed rainfall in West and East Africa likely to exacerbate conditions
Africa Weather Hazards
Widespread, heavy rain during the past few weeks has caused flooding over local areas of Mali, Burkina Faso, and Niger. Heavy rain is forecast to continue during the next week, maintaining elevated risks for flooding over many areas.
• Sudan hosting over 189,000 refugees from South Sudan, according to UNHCR.
• Heavy rain damages over 500 houses in Blue Nile’s Tadamon locality.
• North Darfur IDP camps receive sensitization campaign on the Darfur Hotline Camp Referral System.
• Water and sanitation services in Mukjar IDP camp (Central Darfur) are deteriorating in quality after withdrawal of an international NGO.
• Delayed rainy season increases demand for humanitarian assistance in Central Darfur.
The late start of rainfall this year in most of the five Darfur states has raised concerns about the proceeds of the current agricultural season.
The late and below-average rainfall in parts of Sudan's western region may lead to a very meagre harvest, according to agricultural experts in Darfur.
“They said that the situation requires from the government to take the necessary precautions and arrange for strategic stocks to cope with the expected failure of the agricultural season,” a farmer reported from Asalaya in East Darfur.
- Widespread heavy rain continues and increases risks for flooding over many areas of West Africa.
- Rainfall deficits have persisted over parts of Eastern Africa despite increased rain during the recent weeks
1) A premature cessation of rain has increased moisture deficits and negatively impacted crops in the southern parts of Ghana, Togo, and Benin. Limited rain is forecast along the Gulf of Guinea during the next week, likely to sustain moisture deficits.
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR FEBRUARY 2016
Snapshot 12 August –18 August 2015
Yemen: The humanitarian situation in Yemen continues to deteriorate. 1.4 million people have become displaced since conflict escalated in March – a 12% increase since early July. Fuel shortages and access issues continue to affect provision of health services. 23% of Yemen’s health facilities are either partially funtional or non-functional.
Below-average rainfall delays main season planting across most of Sudan
- Widespread heavy rain observed across West Africa during the past week.
- Poor rainfall distribution since the start of the season has led to death in livestock over parts of northeastern Ethiopia.
1) A premature cessation of rain has increased moisture deficits and negatively impacted crops in the southern parts of Ghana, Togo, and Benin. A delayed onset and irregular distribution of rainfall have led to abnormal dryness across western and north-central Nigeria.
Snapshot 5-11 August 2015
Burkina Faso: Heavy floods in Ouagadougou, Kadiogo province, and Bobo-Dioulasso, Houet province, in early August affected around 19,780 people. Significant damage to houses and food stocks were reported. Additional flooding in the north could bring the total number of affected to 122,000. More than 1.5 million people are facing Stressed or Crisis food security outcomes in Burkina Faso, especially in the Sahel region in the north.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Post-Crisis Environmental Assessment
Post-Crisis Environmental Recovery
Environmental Cooperation for Peacebuilding
CHAPTER 4 Disaster Risk Reduction
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Poor rainfall at start of 2015 cropping season delaying planting and affecting crop germination and establishment
Cereal prices stable at low levels except in conflict-affected areas
Food security significantly improved since 2014, but concerns remain in some conflict-affected areas
Most acute food insecure people remain among IDPs in Darfur and South Kordofan states
HIGHLIGHTS IN SOUTH SUDAN
Refugees from several camps across South Sudan expressed their concern to UNHCR about the upcoming 30 per cent reduction in WFP food rations, due to start in August. Many fear such a measure would prevent them from purchasing other essential commodities. In June and July, UNHCR and WFP jointly reached out to the communities to convey the message and are now in discussions to ensure the food needs of the most vulnerable individuals in the most food-insecure areas are met, even if the reductions take place.