- OCHA Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 30 | 20 – 26 July 2015
- UNICEF Humanitarian Situation Report, June 2015
- OCHA Sudan Common Humanitarian Fund | CHF - Basic facts and figures
Appeals & Funding
- 2015 Humanitarian Needs Overview
- Sudan Humanitarian Response Plan 2015
- CHF (Common Humanitarian Fund)
Staple Food Markets in East Africa: White maize is the main staple grain consumed in Tanzania, Kenya, and Ethiopia. In Uganda, white maize is grown mainly as a commercial crop for export in the region. Imported rice is a major staple for Djibouti and Somalia, which mainly consume belem—the imported red rice. Tanzania is also a major producer and source of rice in the region while Kenya and Uganda are minor producers. Both red and white sorghum are produced and consumed in the region.
In West Africa, market availability was adequate in June with supplies from 2014/15 harvests and international rice and wheat imports. Regionally-produced staple food prices increased seasonally, except in areas directly and indirectly affected by conflict in northeastern Nigeria and neighboring areas, the CAR, and northern Mali.
These updates cover emergencies Oxfam is currently responding to around the world, although please note they don’t intend to be comprehensive.
Maghreb & Middle East
Since the scale up of the conflict in March, nearly 25,000 additional people are going hungry each day in Yemen as the blockade and fighting restrict food, fuel and other vital supplies. One in two people – nearly 13 million people – are now struggling to find enough to eat, and half of them are on the brink of starvation.
Above-average temperatures and rainfall lead to flooding in Central Asia
Central Asia Weather Hazards
High temperatures during the first half of July have led to mudflows and flooding, damaging infrastructure and displacing populations across eastern Tajikistan.
· FAO’s global cereal price index continued to fall in Q2-2015, down 19 percent year-on-year.
· The real price of wheat dropped a further 9 percent over the last quarter. Prices are 33 percent lower than in Q2-2014, thanks to increased global supply and lower consumption.
· The real price of maize has fallen by 3 percent since Q1-2015 and is 21 percent lower than inQ2-2014. However, global production for 2015/16 is set to be lower and thus prices are likely to rise.
· The current growing season (May-October 2015) in the Greater Horn of Africa is unfolding under an evolving El Nino event that will peak in late 2015.
· In Ethiopia the first (Belg) season was affected by a severe drought leading to poor crop production and pasture. This has stressed households at the onset of the main season (Meher) covering June to October.
Abnormally wet conditions are continuing for several nations in the western Gulf of Guinea region
Moisture deficits worsen further in southeast Sudan, Eritrea and parts of Ethiopia with a continued lack of rainfall.
Snapshot 22–28 July 2015
Somalia: More than 10,000 people have been displaced in Lower Shabelle and Bay regions since AMISOM and Somali armed forces began their offensive. Al Shabaab has lost control of Bardhere in Gedo and Dinsoor in Bay. In accessible areas of Hudur town, Bakool, 33% GAM and 19% SAM were observed in a MUAC assessment in July – a significant deterioration since June. Very critical malnutrition rates persist in Bulo Burde, Hiraan.
In Central Equatoria State 1,138 cholera cases (including 38 deaths) have been reported in Juba County since 1 June. No refugee camps are affected at the time of reporting.
Increased rainfall unlikely to overcome deficits in Central America, Hispaniola, and parts of West Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
A slightly delayed start to the season with sporadic light rains in recent weeks has resulted in abnormal dryness for Gambia and central areas of Senegal. Dry ground conditions have led to delayed planting and have negatively impacted livestock health.
Climate Prediction Center’s Africa Hazards Outlook July 23 – 30, 2015
A delayed onset of rainfall is leading to abnormally dry conditions in Chad as well as Senegal and Gambia.
Moisture deficits worsen further in southeast Sudan, Eritrea and northwest Ethiopia with a continued lack of rainfall.
PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR JANUARY 2016
Snapshot 15–21 July 2015
Iraq: More than 74,440 people have been displaced from Saqlawiyah in Falluja district since 8 July, and tens of thousands reportedly remain trapped in Falluja and Ramadi districts. There are now more than 3.1 million IDPs across 3,613 locations in Iraq; 300,000 people have been displaced from and within Anbar since military operations began in April.
FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT
Unfavourable prospects for 2015 secondary “belg” season cereal crops
Poor livestock body conditions in most pastoral areas due to dry weather conditions affecting pasture and water
Cereal prices increasing in June due to progress of lean season coupled with unfavourable prospects for “belg” season
Food security conditions deteriorate in “belg” season dependent areas as well as in most pastoralist areas
Drought develops over Central America, dryness persists in East and West Africa
Africa Weather Hazards
A delayed onset of the rainy season, followed by poorly-distributed rainfall, has led to abnormal dryness across Burkina Faso, the central and northern parts of Ghana, Togo, and Benin, western and southern Niger, and northern Nigeria. The lack of rainfall over the past several weeks has delayed planting and negatively affected cropping activities over many local areas.
• Joint efforts score some victories in responding to cholera outbreak in South Sudan
• WFP, governments of Sudan and South Sudan continue cooperation in moving food assistance to South Sudan
• UNMISS hands over court building to Greater Kapoeta
• FAO works side-by-side with community-based animal health workers to improve livestock health
• Bentiu IDP community watch group learn to reduce crime
• Refugees in Maban receive land and seeds
Aide aux pays partenaires et aux organismes régionaux pour élaborer des politiques plus énergiques
16 juillet 2015, Addis-Abeba – L'Union européenne et la FAO ont lancé un nouveau partenariat visant à renforcer la sécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle, l'agriculture durable et la résilience dans au moins 35 pays*.
• An estimated 2,500 people fled their homes in North Darfur’s Mellit locality following tribal fighting, according to HAC.
• The Ministry of Health and the WHO have initiated AWD/Cholera preparedness activities in Sudan.
• Aid organisations begin implementing measures to improve water, sanitation and hygiene in Kharasana, West Kordofan.
• As of 7 July, the South Sudanese response plan is only 12 per cent funded, according to UNHCR.
• WFP receives €2.5 million from the Government of Germany for Darfur.