- OCHA Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 12 | 16 – 22 March 2015
- OCHA Sudan Common Humanitarian Fund | CHF - Basic facts and figures
- Special report of the Secretary-General on the African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (S/2015/163)
Appeals & Funding
Escalating conflict threatens food access for displaced households in South Kordorfan
Ongoing hostilities between Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) and armed opposition groups in parts of South Kordofan, Darfur and Blue Nile states have caused new waves of displacement in these areas. The number of Sudanese refugees arriving in Yida refugee camp in Unity State, South Sudan continued to increase in February.
By Sharon Lukunka
Water, perhaps one of the most precious resources in Darfur, is one of the key non-political drivers of the ongoing conflict across the region. Since agriculture forms the mainstay of the economy here, reduced rainfall in this region of Sudan has led to insufficient sources of water and heightened clashes between local communities, especially farmers and pastoralists, resulting in loss of life, property and, in some cases, large population displacements.
1. Executive Summary
The Kenya refugee operation is often cited as an example of a protracted refugee situation with traditional refugee camps in place for the past 20 or so years. In the last four years, however, the operation has been anything but static in responding to two major influxes from neighbouring countries while undergoing a transition in terms of partnerships and innovations in assistance delivery.
Tracking food security trends in vulnerable countries
The Global Food Security Update provides a quarterly overview of key food security trends in vulnerable countries. Information is provided by WFP VAM field teams and partners.
Conflict in Iraq has disrupted food markets, leading to price hikes in Anbar, Salah Al-Din and Kirkuk. According to the 2014-2015 Strategic Response Plan, around 5.2 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance, and over 2.5 million people are currently displaced.
Snapshot 18-24 March 2015
Syria: The Government carried out over 10,000 airstrikes between October and March, dropping more than 5,300 barrel bombs and killing almost 2,200 civilians. A chlorine attack on 16 March in Idleb killed six people.
Snapshot 11–17 March 2015
Vanuatu: 24 people are confirmed dead so far after Tropical Cyclone Pam hit on 13 March. Shefa, Tafea, Malampa, and Penama are among the worst affected provinces. Access challenges are significant.
Cameroon: The number of people internally displaced in the north has almost doubled since 10 February, to 117,000. This brings the number of displaced in Cameroon to an estimated 412,700, including 66,000 fleeing Boko Haram violence in Nigeria and the rest from the Central African Republic.
Khartoum, Mar. 12 (SUNA) A loan agreement for the finance of the water harvesting project in the Sudan rural has initial singed Thursday, at the Ministry of Finance and National Economy, between the government of Sudan and the Kuwait Fund for Economic Development at the sum of 20 million Kuwaiti dinar , equivalent to about 68 million dollar for the projects first phase.
This brief summarizes FEWS NET’s most forward-looking analysis of projected emergency food assistance needs in FEWS NET coverage countries. The projected size of each country’s acutely food insecure population is compared to last year and the recent five-year average. Countries where external emergency food assistance needs are anticipated are identified. Projected lean season months highlighted in red indicate either an early start or an extension to the typical lean season.
KHARTOUM, 11 March 2015 – A new project on “Building institutional capacities for the sustainable management of the marine fishery in the Red Sea State” was launched today in Khartoum, Sudan. The project will be jointly implemented by the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) and the Norwegian Institute for Marine Research, in cooperation with Sudan's Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Resources and Fisheries.
Vienna, Austria, March 11, 2015. Over 30 partner countries stand to benefit from the latest round of financing approved at the 150th Session of the Governing Board of the OPEC Fund for International Development (OFID).
Public sector approvals amounting to US$201m will support the following projects:
Iraq: 26,000 people have fled fighting between Islamic State and Iraqi security forces in Tikrit for Samarra. Food, shelter, health and WASH needs are priorities. More than 100 families have arrived in Al Dour, located between Tikrit and Samarra, and thousands have fled to central and southern governorates.
South Sudan: Heavy fighting between government and opposition was reported in Upper Nile state, and government troops took control of Wadakona town. Many civilians are reported trapped. Peace talks have collapsed.
In Bentiu Protection of Civilians site,12, 018 children were screened for malnutrition, identifying a proxy global acute malnutrition rate of 12.5 per cent - an improvement since the previous screening in December (proxy GAM 18.8 per cent).
An initial rapid needs assessment is under way in Nimni, Unity State.
For the first time in nearly 18 months a humanitarian convoy has arrived in Maban, Upper Nile State, from Juba.
4.1 million People to be assisted by the end of 2015
Situation Générale en février 2015 Prévision jusqu'à ’mi-avril 2015
La situation relative au Criquet pèlerin est restée préoccupante en février le long de la cote de la mer Rouge, au Soudan et en Érythrée, où des opérations de lutte ont été réalisées contre un grand nombre de bandes larvaires, groupes d’ailes et essaims.
Afghanistan: Heavy snowfall has caused avalanches in northern, central and eastern Afghanistan; 280 people have died. Panshir province is most affected. Communication lines have been disrupted in places, power supplies to Kabul have been cut. Priority needs are for NFIs and emergency shelter; access to isolated areas is difficult.
An extensive fire destroyed 144 homes at Kerendig camp for the displaced in El Geneina locality in West Darfur on Saturday.
“Large quantities of food, and agricultural crops were lost in the fire,” a sheikh told Dabanga. “In addition, 54 sheep died, along with a number of horses, donkeys, and hens.
“The fire that broke out at about 2pm, caused the displacement of more than 200 families, who are now living in the open without shelter, food, and water,” he reported.
Sorghum, millet, and wheat are the most important food commodities in northern Sudan. Sorghum is the staple food for the majority of poor households in central and eastern Sudan regions while millet is the main staple food for majority of households in Darfur and some parts of Kordofan regions in western Sudan. Wheat most often used as a substitute all over northern Sudan but it is a staple food for northern states. Each of the markets represented here act as indicators for a broader region.
In West Africa, regional harvests from the 2014/15 season arrived progressively onto markets in January. Staple food prices were stable or declining, except in areas directly and indirectly affected by the conflict in northeastern Nigeria. The recent opening of borders among Ebola-affected countries contributed to improved trade flows in some areas, following the substantial disruptions that occurred over the second half of 2014.
Rising hostilities continue to cause new waves of displacement
The final results of 2014/15 Annual Crop and Food Supply Assessment Mission (CFSAM) estimated record-high national cereal production of 7.84 million tons, including 6.3 million tons of sorghum and 1.1 million tons of millet. Production was about three-times last year’s poor harvest and 84 percent higher than the five-year average.