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Humanitarian Assistance in Review East and Central Africa | Fiscal Year (FY) 2004 – 2014

Conflict, cyclical drought, floods, disease outbreaks, environmental degradation, rapid population growth, and limited government capacity present significant challenges to vulnerable populations in the ECA region. Between FY 2005 and FY 2014, USAID’s Office of U.S.

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Madagascar + 23 others
Emergency Transboundary Outbreak Pest (ETOP) Situation Update for September with a Forecast through Mid-November, 2014

SUMMARY

The Desert Locust (SGR1 ) situation remained calm in September in summer breeding areas in the western outbreak region. Only a few adults and hoppers were reported in Mauritania, Niger and Chad. A similar situation may be present in northern Mali where surveys were not possible.
Algeria, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia remained calm during this month.

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South Sudan + 5 others
South Sudan - Crisis Fact Sheet #55 Fiscal Year (FY) 2014

HIGHLIGHTS

  • U.S. Government (USG) provides additional $83 million for emergency response assistance

  • Despite improving food security conditions, South Sudan faces one of the world’s worst food security crises

  • Land works and aid lead to incremental improvements at civilian protection site in Bentiu town, Unity State

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

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Sudan + 4 others
Sudan - Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #6, Fiscal Year 2014

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Heavy rains and associated flooding affect more than 277,000 people across Sudan

  • The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) signs agreement with the Government of Sudan (GoS) to resume operations in Sudan following a nine-month suspension

  • The U.S Government (USG) provides more than $287 million in FY 2014 to support humanitarian efforts across Sudan

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

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Madagascar + 21 others
Emergency Transboundary Outbreak Pest (ETOP) Situation Report for August with a Forecast till Mid-October, 2014

Summary

The Desert Locust (SGR1) situation remained calm in winter, spring and summer breeding areas in the western outbreak region in August and only low density adults were reported in Mauritania, Niger and Chad, and a similar situation is highly likely in northern Mali where the ongoing security situation continuous undermining survey operations. No locusts were reported in Algeria, Libya, Morocco or Tunisia during this month.

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Sudan + 2 others
Sudan - Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #5, Fiscal Year 2014

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Violence has displaced more than 388,100 people in Darfur to date in 2014.

  • Fighting between the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) and Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) prompts additional displacement and humanitarian needs in the Two Areas.

  • Approximately 5 to 5.3 million people in Sudan were food-insecure in June.

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

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Madagascar + 29 others
Emergency Transboundary Outbreak Pest (ETOP) Situation Report for May with a Forecast till Mid-July, 2014

Summary

During May, several Desert Locust (SGR1) swarms from northwestern Somalia invaded eastern Ethiopia. On May 14th, an immature swarm dominated the sky over the city of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (see picture below). This is an extremely rare phenomenon that has not been in more than half a century. The swarm is believed to have escaped from eastern Ethiopia passing through the Rift Valley and crossing Awash where it destroyed a sugarcane plantation. No damage was reported in Addis and the swarm was later seen heading northwest and reached Gojjam.

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Sudan + 2 others
Sudan ‑ Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #4, Fiscal Year 2014

HIGHLIGHTS

  • The Government of Sudan (GoS) endorses efforts to relocate South Sudanese refugees sheltering in White Nile State.

  • Food security outlook through September worsens due to conflict, high food prices, and population movements the USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) reports.

  • Bombings in Southern Kordofan State target civilians, according to local media.

KEY DEVELOPMENTS