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Madagascar + 29 others
Emergency Transboundary Outbreak Pest (ETOP) Situation Report for May with a Forecast till Mid-July, 2014

Summary

During May, several Desert Locust (SGR1) swarms from northwestern Somalia invaded eastern Ethiopia. On May 14th, an immature swarm dominated the sky over the city of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (see picture below). This is an extremely rare phenomenon that has not been in more than half a century. The swarm is believed to have escaped from eastern Ethiopia passing through the Rift Valley and crossing Awash where it destroyed a sugarcane plantation. No damage was reported in Addis and the swarm was later seen heading northwest and reached Gojjam.

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Sudan + 2 others
Sudan ‑ Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #4, Fiscal Year 2014

HIGHLIGHTS

  • The Government of Sudan (GoS) endorses efforts to relocate South Sudanese refugees sheltering in White Nile State.

  • Food security outlook through September worsens due to conflict, high food prices, and population movements the USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) reports.

  • Bombings in Southern Kordofan State target civilians, according to local media.

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

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Madagascar + 24 others
Emergency Transboundary Outbreak Pest (ETOP) Situation Report for April with a Forecast till Mid-June, 2014

Summary

The Desert Locust (SGR1 ) situation remained calm along the Red Sea coasts during April.

Several swarms migrated from northwestern Somalia to eastern Ethiopia where aerial and ground control treated 2,585 ha from 8-30 April. An unconfirmed report of hoppers in Aysha, eastern Ethiopia suggested breeding has begun in those areas (DLCO-EA).

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Somalia + 13 others
Humanitarian Assistance in Review East and Central Africa | Fiscal Year (FY) 2004 – 2013

Chronic conflict, cyclical drought, floods, disease outbreaks, environmental degradation, rapid population growth, and limited government capacity present significant challenges to vulnerable populations in the ECA region. Between FY 2004 and FY 2013, USAID’s Office of U.S.

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Sudan + 2 others
Sudan ‑ Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #3, Fiscal Year 2014

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

  • Escalating violence in Sudan’s Darfur region since late February has resulted in the displacement of approximately 326,000 people. Although relief agencies have confirmed the return of nearly 63,500 people to their homes, conflict continues to displace populations and expand across most areas of North Darfur and South Darfur states, affecting communities in neighboring states as well.

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South Sudan + 2 others
South Sudan Crisis - Fact Sheet #38, Fiscal Year (FY) 2014

HIGHLIGHTS

 Armed civilians attacked the UNMISS compound in Bor town, Jonglei State, causing internally displaced person (IDP) casualties
 Violence in Bentiu town, Unity State, targeted civilians and resulted in increased displacement
 Humanitarian leaders at a high-level meeting called on parties to cease hostilities and respect humanitarian law and urged additional funding to support vital aid operations

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South Sudan + 5 others
South Sudan on the Brink of Famine Demands Urgent Action

On the first of April, I walked with great sadness through the United Nations compound in Juba, capital of South Sudan, the world’s newest nation, now in free fall after a hopeful beginning three years ago. The compound is sheltering more than 21,000 displaced people who fled to safety after a spasm of violence in mid-December killed untold thousands.

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South Sudan + 2 others
South Sudan Crisis - Fact Sheet #37, Fiscal Year (FY) 2014

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

  • Humanitarian organizations are increasingly concerned regarding severely deteriorating food security conditions in South Sudan. An estimated 7 million people are vulnerable to food insecurity, with 3.7 million people at high risk, according to the U.N. Malnutrition levels are also increasing, and the U.N. Children’s Fund (UNICEF) estimates that 222,700 children may require treatment for severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in the coming months—more than double the number of children requiring treatment in 2013.