- OCHA Humanitarian Bulletin Issue 26 | 22 - 28 June 2015
- UNICEF Humanitarian Situation Report, April 2015
- OCHA Sudan Common Humanitarian Fund | CHF - Basic facts and figures
Appeals & Funding
- 2015 Humanitarian Needs Overview
- Sudan Humanitarian Response Plan 2015
- CHF (Common Humanitarian Fund)
The influx of South Sudanese refugees to Sudan continues with over 31,000 refugees arriving in June alone, according to UNHCR
In East Darfur, aid agencies provide assistance to some 11,400 people affected by conflict in Abu Karinka and 800 in El Gidamia
Some 15,000 returnees to Central Darfur's Um Dukhun locality lack the most basic of services in their hometowns
In West Darfur, WFP’s food voucher programme in El Geneina IDP camps will assist some 70,000 people
The objective of this overview is to support the development of national-level response and preparedness plans and facilitate joint priority actions in the areas of advocacy, resource mobilization, and coordinated engagement in cross border areas.
There has been a step change in the threat level in the region in 2015. There is an increasing concern about the confluence and compounding impacts of these threats, both at the national and the regional level. The outlook presented here will be updated on a bi-monthly basis.
A total of US $1.04 billion is required to meet the needs of some 5.4 million most vulnerable people as identified in the 2015 Humanitarian Needs Overview. As of June 18, 2015, funding available stands at $342 million, approximately 34 per cent of total requirements needed, with unmet requirements standing at $662 million.
As one of the world’s least developed and most fragile countries, Chad is beset by multiple, overlapping humanitarian crises, all in the context of a harsh and worsening climate, acute poverty, and weak infrastructure.
Food insecurity and malnutrition affect millions of people, particularly in the Sahelian belt.
Successive waves of instability and conflict in neighboring countries have caused large-scale population movements into Chad, which now hosts the seventh highest number of refugees worldwide.
Displacement and conflict
Around 1.542 million people are internally displaced in South Sudan, and over 546,000 have crossed borders and become refugees. About 106,228 people have fled Burundi, and about 25,000 have left Yemen (where 1 million people are internally displaced)3 for Djibouti and Somalia. Areas of conflict in South Sudan and Yemen remain very difficult for humanitarian organizations to access, pushing more to cross borders in search of assistance.
Increase in mostly South Sudanese and Burundian refugees
• Refugee influx from South Sudan continues with over 15,600 people crossing the border between 4-17 June, according to UNHCR.
• Aid agencies continue to assist some 23,000 IDPs in Saiyah administrative unit in Mellit locality, North Darfur.
• People displaced from Central Darfur’s Funga Suk area of North Jebel Marra locality to IDP camps in Zalingei need assistance.
• In Blue Nile, an estimated 8,600 people fled their homes due to fighting in the Wedabok area, Bau locality, according to HAC.
South Africa, Kenya and AU put forward own peace plans and initiatives for South Sudan in addition to new IGAD proposal.
Fighting in South Sudan now affecting five out of the ten states. Over 28,000 South Sudanese refugees (a 40 per cent increase since April) received in neighbouring countries in the last two months.
Food security expected to deteriorate in eastern parts of the Horn region from JuneAugust while average August harvests are expected in the western sector of the Horn.
As of 24 May, over 2,500 measles cases, with 38 deaths, have been reported in Sudan, according to the Ministry of Health
According HAC, as of 4 June 2,825 families (about 16,818 people) were registered in Ed Damazine and El Roseires localities after being relocated from Bau locality in Blue Nile
Aid agencies are responding to the humanitarian needs of the 24,000 displaced people in Guldo town, West Jebel Marra locality, Central Darfur
In June 2011, children in Sudan’s Geissan locality, Blue Nile State, were eager to return to school after the long summer holidays. For Amel Sadig, 10 years old, this was supposed to be the start of her educational journey.
Becoming educated in poor rural areas of Sudan can be a child’s best route out of poverty. But when violence broke out in several areas in Blue Nile state in 2011, thousands of families, including Amel’s, were forced to flee their villages and settle around Ed Damazine and other towns in the state. Thousands of children were forced to stop their education.
Intensifying conflict and slow and sudden-onset disaster are taking their toll. The result is that global financial requirements for the remainder of 2015 have risen by $2.4 billion. In early June 2015 they stand at $18.8 billion, to meet the needs of 78.9 million vulnerable people in 37 countries.
(Geneva, 16 June 2015): Over US$275 million (245 million euro) were pledged today in support of the victims of the deepening humanitarian crisis in South Sudan and the region.
The pledges were made during a high-level conference in Geneva organised by the European Union and the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) on the humanitarian situation in the world’s youngest country.
This is my first opportunity to talk to you about the humanitarian crisis in South Sudan. But it’s the third or fourth time that many of you have attended such an event.
And that is at the heart of this emergency: the failure to end the violence that is fuelling humanitarian needs.
Changes in context and Needs
Economic downturn is compounding the consequences of conflict
• Intensified violent conflict is destroying the viability of communities and generating new and recurrent displacements of vulnerable populations.
• Economic stress is generating inflation and shortages of critical goods and services.
• Deepening austerity is further threatening publicly managed social services, including the public health system.
Over the past two weeks, there has been an influx of some 13,000 South Sudanese refugees in Sudan due to increasing violence in South Sudan, according to UNHCR.
Over 20,000 people need assistance in East Jebel Marra locality, according to local authorities and national aid agencies.
In May, over 4,000 people fled East Darfur and took refuge in West Kordofan, according to HAC.
Over 3,500 displaced people return to their homes in Um Dukhun locality, Central Darfur, according to HAC.
Khartoum, 10 June 2015. The Government of Germany has contributed €1 million (about US $1 million) to the 2015 Sudan Common Humanitarian Fund (CHF). Germany is a first time donor to the Sudan CHF but has long-been a committed donor to the Sudan since 2000.
Food security and nutrition situation
An estimated 4.6 million people in South Sudan (about 40 per cent of the population) are severely food insecure between May to July 2015 (3.6 million in Crisis and 1 million in Emergency levels). Malnutrition rates remain above the emergency threshold of 15 per cent in both conflict-affected and high-burden states. Nearly one in three children under five are malnourished in the worst-hit areas of Greater Upper Nile, Warrap and Northern Bahr el Ghazal.
Executive Summary Introduction