- OCHA Humanitarian Bulletin 04 | 19 - 25 January 2015
- OCHA: Periodic Funding Analysis - January 2015
- UNICEF Humanitarian Action for Children 2015
Appeals & Funding
Snapshot 21-27 January
Nigeria: Boko Haram attacks continue, with Borno state capital Maiduguri and nearby military bases targeted on 25 January. Security forces pushed BH back from Maiduguri, but further attacks are expected. BH also raided villages in Michika local government area, Adamawa state. There are reports that BH has forbidden the use of vehicles in areas under its control.
This brief summarizes FEWS NET’s most forward-looking analysis of projected emergency food assistance needs in FEWS NET coverage countries. The projected size of each country’s acutely food insecure population is compared to last year and the recent five-year average. Countries where external emergency food assistance needs are anticipated are identified. Projected lean season months highlighted in red indicate either an early start or an extension to the typical lean season.
FEWS NET’s Food Security Outlook reports for January to June 2015 are based on the following regional assumptions:
The remainder of the October-to-February Xays/Dadaa rains over coastal areas of Djibouti and northwestern Somalia are likely to be near average.
Snapshot 14–20 January
Cameroon: 50,000 people are estimated displaced due to the recent increase in Boko Haram (BH) attacks in the northern regions. In the past week, an attack on a military base in Kolofata resulted in 143 BH killed, subsequently, BH kidnapped 80 people from one village – with three killed and 24 later released. The conflict has escalated regionally, with Chad pledging military support in Cameroon’s fight against Boko Haram.
Seized with a succession of new crises in Europe, the Middle East and across Africa, the Security Council in 2014 tackled an expanding workload in a record number of meetings while seeking to defeat terrorism, prevent conflicts, protect civilians, and improve the effectiveness of sanctions and other tools to quell tensions and neutralize threats.
Nigeria: Violence has escalated significantly in the northeast. Boko Haram killed more than 2,100 people in the first 11 days of the year. Most were killed in an attack on the town of Baga and surrounding settlements in Borno state, on Lake Chad. Up to 20,000 people were displaced. Other attacks took place in Maiduguri, Damaturu, and Potiskum.
Le Représentant permanent du Chili auprès des Nations Unies, M. Cristián Barros Melet, qui assure la présidence tournante du Conseil de sécurité en ce mois de janvier, a présenté cet après-midi le programme de travail du Conseil, qui comprendra trois débats publics et une mission en Haïti.
December saw a significant deterioration of the security situation – compared to the previous month – in nine countries or conflict situations in the world, including in South Asia (Pakistan and India), and East Africa (South Sudan and Kenya). There is a risk of increased violence in the coming month in Sudan, where major offensives are anticipated on the heels of a failure in the peace talks; in Sri Lanka, in the context of the 8 January elections; and in Haiti, where the current president could rule by decree unless parliament's mandate, due to expire on 12 January, is extended.
Building strong foundations intertwining development and security underpinned a range of issues on the Security Council’s schedule for January, the Permanent Representative of Chile, whose delegation holds the 15-member body’s presidency for the month, said at a Headquarters press conference today.
Tracking food security trends in vulnerable countries
· According to the Food Security and Agriculture Cluster analyses, 9.8 million people in Syria need various types of food, agriculture and livelihood-related assistance.
· As fighting prevails in Iraq, an estimated 2.2 million people across the governorates of Anbar, Kirkuk, Diyala, Ninewa and Salah al-Din are in need of emergency food assistance.
Conflict continues to drive food insecurity in many areas of the region
About 12.4 million people in East Africa are in need of humanitarian assistance. As of November, the majority were in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) in northeastern Djibouti, eastern and northeastern Ethiopia, northern and eastern Kenya, southern and central Somalia, western and southern Sudan, and the Greater Upper Nile States in South Sudan. Significant populations remain Stressed (IPC Phase 2) in these countries and in Burundi, Rwanda, and northeastern Uganda.
Snapshot 10–16 December
Iraq: 700,000 IDPs, mostly in Dahuk and Anbar governorates, are living in shelters that are not adapted for winter temperatures. 945,000 IDPs are in dire need of kerosene for heating.
Afghanistan: Kabul has been hit by at least 12 suicide attacks since early November, with more attacks also carried out elsewhere, fuelling concerns about the protection of civilians.
Snapshot 3–9 December
Philippines: Category 5 Typhoon Hagupit, locally known as Ruby, made landfall on 6 December over the town of Dolores in Eastern Samar province (Eastern Philippines). At least 49 of 81 provinces are potentially at high risk. The typhoon is moving very slowly, potentially subjecting each community in the path of the typhoon to high winds and torrential rainfall for much longer. 1.1 million people are affected.
Seasonal outlook and impact on food security
There has been a general decrease in the number of food insecure people as harvests continue across the region. Following an extended dry period and delayed onset of rains, a large part of the arid, semi-arid lands (ASALs) have received below-average rainfall providing limited relief.
Niger: 10,000 refugees arrived in Diffa region from Damasack, Nigeria. Most were fleeing forced recruitment by Boko Haram, and some unaccompanied children were reported. More than 105,000 people have arrived from Nigeria since May 2013, and the rate is increasing. The newly displaced are in a critical situation, and Diffa faces serious gaps in service provision.
Displacement increased by 1.4 million in region
The number of people displaced in the region has increased by 14 per cent in the last six months. By the end of September 2014, the total number of people displaced was 11,433,752 in Burundi, (eastern) Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda. Of the total displaced population, 2,467,547 are refugees while 8,966,205 are internally displaced persons (IDPs) and people severely affected by conflict.