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Four Sudanese murdered by SPLA rebels

KHARTOUM, April 1 (AFP) - Four Sudanese nationals abducted in February have been executed by rebels from the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA), the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) said Thursday.

An ICRC official here who asked not to be named told AFP that the four, among them a worker with the ICRC-affiliated Red Crescent society, had been killed despite SPLA "assurances" that they would be released unharmed.

He gave no further details on the killing but said that an ICRC official had met with SPLA chief John Garang

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Update No.1 on ICRC activities in Sudan

General Situation
The last four months have seen a confirmation of signs of an improving humanitarian situation across southern Sudan compared with 1998. As a result, the ICRC's focus is now on post-emergency and rehabilitation activities. However, the ongoing conflict, with sporadic outbreaks of fighting in the south, in particular in the Upper Nile region, on the eastern border (the Blue Nile region, Kassala, the Red Sea) and in the Nuba area, means that the security environment remains fragile. Moreover, according to the
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ICRC appalled by death of FOUR DETAINED Sudanese

Communication to the Press No. 99/18
Geneva (ICRC) - The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) has been informed that a Sudanese Red Crescent worker and three government officials who had accompanied an ICRC team in southern Sudan have been killed while detained by the Sudanese People's Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A).

On 18 February an ICRC/Sudanese Red Crescent team on a mission near the southern Sudanese town of Bentiu inadvertently strayed into territory held by the SPLM/A. The four Sudanese and two ICRC expatriates were captured. On 12 March, the two expatriates were

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Diarrhea claims 200 lives in southern Sudan

KHARTOUM, March 31 (AFP) - Diarrhea blamed on contaminated water has claimed 200 lives in southern Sudan in one month, a Khartoum newspaper reported Wednesday.

Some 2,000 people were reported as suffering from the disease in Upper Nile State as of the end of last week, the Al Rai al Aam daily said, quoting Transport Minister Lam Akol.

The minister, a medical doctor who had headed a government delegation that delivered 1.5 tonnes of medicine to the area, said the epidemic had been brought under control with the arrival of medical teams.

He said a drinking water station would

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More than 400 Sudanese government troops killed: opposition

CAIRO, March 31 (AFP) - Sudanese rebels killed 405 government troops in fighting over the weekend, the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) said Wednesday.

The rebels called it the "biggest defeat inflicted" on Khartoum this year, adding that more than 700 other troops were wounded fighting Friday and Saturday in Ulu, in the southern part of the Blue Nile province near the Ethiopian border.

Government troops were driven out of Ulu and SPLA rebels were pursuing them outside the region, it said in a statement to AFP in Cairo.

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Sudan: Dinka, Nuer Endorse Proposals to End Conflict

All Africa News (March 29, 1999) - Dinka and Nuer chiefs including church and community leaders met in a peace and reconciliation conference at Wunlit, Tonj county in Bahr el Ghazal between February 27 to March 8 under the auspices of the New Sudan Council of Churches NSCC.

It was the first meeting of its kind after more than seven and a half years of fierce fighting following the split of the SPLA in August 28, 1991. Our Correspondent Makur Kot Dhuor attended and reports on the deliberations.

The West Bank peace conference was the

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Confusion reigns in battle for Africa

By Victoria Brittain
Kisangani - Uganda, Rwanda, Chad, Sudan and Zimbabwe - the war in Congo has redrawn alliances all over the continent. Victoria Brittain reports from Kisangani

Flying over the forest from the Ruwenzori mountains of south-western Uganda, one sees no sign of man: no road, no village, no puff of smoke across hundreds of kilometres of the northern Democratic Republic of Congo, until the concrete slash through the trees that is Kisangani international airport. The three- storey terminal building is empty and crumbling; air traffic control is one man with a 10- or 15-

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Burundi + 4 others
Bulletin hebdomadaire d'information No. 12-99 sur l'Afrique Centrale et de l'Est

Report
IRIN
NATIONS UNIES
Bureau pour la Coordination des Affaires Humanitaires / IRIN
pour l'Afrique Centrale et de l'Est
Tel: +254 2 622 147
Fax: +254 2 622 129
e-mail: irin@ocha.unon.org

REPUBLIQUE DEMOCRATIQUE DU CONGO (RDC)

Garreton condamne la recrudescence de la violence

Le Rapporteur spécial de l'ONU pour les droits de l'homme en RDC, Roberto Garreton, a condamné la recrudescence de la violence dans les Kivus. Dans un communiqué publié jeudi à Genève, il a exhorté toutes les parties combattant dans la région à respecter le

IRIN:

A selection of IRIN reports are posted on ReliefWeb. Find more IRIN news and analysis at http://www.irinnews.org

Une sélection d'articles d'IRIN sont publiés sur ReliefWeb. Trouvez d'autres articles et analyses d'IRIN sur http://www.irinnews.org

This article does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations or its agencies. Refer to the IRIN copyright page for conditions of use.

Cet article ne reflète pas nécessairement les vues des Nations Unies. Voir IRIN droits d'auteur pour les conditions d'utilisation.

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Angola + 6 others
IRIN-CEA Weekly Round-up 12 covering the period 20-26 Mar 1999

Report
IRIN
UNITED NATIONS
Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Integrated Regional Information Network for Central and Eastern Africa
Tel: +254 2 622147
Fax: +254 2 622129
e-mail: irin@ocha.unon.org

DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO: Garreton condemns upsurge of violence

The UN Special Rapporteur on human rights in the DRC, Roberto Garreton, has condemned the upsurge of violence in the Kivus. In a statement issued in Geneva on Thursday, he urged all sides fighting in the area to respect international humanitarian law and spare

IRIN:

A selection of IRIN reports are posted on ReliefWeb. Find more IRIN news and analysis at http://www.irinnews.org

Une sélection d'articles d'IRIN sont publiés sur ReliefWeb. Trouvez d'autres articles et analyses d'IRIN sur http://www.irinnews.org

This article does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations or its agencies. Refer to the IRIN copyright page for conditions of use.

Cet article ne reflète pas nécessairement les vues des Nations Unies. Voir IRIN droits d'auteur pour les conditions d'utilisation.

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Afghanistan + 7 others
WFP Emergency Report No. 12 of 1999

This report includes: A) Sudan B) Somalia C) Zambia - refugee influx D) Afghanistan E) FR Yugoslavia and region - Kosovo crisis.
From Manuel Aranda da Silva, Chief, Technical Support Service. Available on the Internet on the WFP Home Page at http://www.wfp.org/ or by electronic mail from Deborah.Hicks@wfp.org or Natasha.Nadazdin@wfp.org (fax 39 06 6513 2837). For information on resources, donors are requested to contact Aleesa.Blum@wfp.org or Marius.deGaayFortman@wfp.org at WFP Rome,
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Angola + 13 others
Report on the Nutrition Situation of Refugees and Displaced Populations - Issue No. 26

HIGHLIGHTS
Angola

Angola is currently experiencing its most severe political and humanitarian crisis since the signing of the UN brokered Lusaka protocol peace accord in 1994. Fresh waves of population displacements have aggravated an already precarious food situation in parts of the country. There are estimated to be over 650,000 IDPs and many others have fled the country. Of particular concern are those IDPs in Malanje, Huambo and Kuito where UNITA forces have besieged the cities. Given the extreme insecurity on the country's roads, WFP must currently deliver 80-90%

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Eritrea + 1 other
Eritrea a 'threat' to Horn of Africa stability: Sudan

ADDIS ABABA, March 25 (AFP) - The Eritrean government is a threat to security in the Horn of Africa, Sudanese Foreign Minister Mustafa Osman Ismail has warned, according to Thursday's daily Ethiopian Herald.

"The war between Eritrea and Ethiopia destabilizes the sub-region," Ismail said overnight Tuesday, after a foreign ministers' meeting here of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU), the government paper said.

Eritrea is a "threat to stability in the Horn", said Ismail, who "urged the Asmara officials to

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Sudan Bulletin No. 79: 14 - 20 Mar 1999

World Food Programme - Rome
1. HIGHLIGHTS

146 deaths and 2,244 cases have so far been reported in Malakal town and eight neighbouring locations since an outbreak of diarrhoea started at the end of January. The affected locations are within the Sobat and Renk-Tonga river corridors.

WFP received six reconditioned engines in February, enough for three pushers. When all three pushers are rehabilitated, WFP will have a capacity of 5,200 MT, enough to mount simultaneous barge convoys along the five river corridors.

2. DISTRIBUTION

2.1 Northern Sector

Bahr el Ghazal, Wau:

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ADRA'S South Sudan programs receive praise

NAIROBI, KENYA -- When two freelance German journalists were recently sponsored by another non-governmental organization (NGO) to investigate humanitarian activities in South Sudan, they discovered that their own government was involved in sponsoring a successful food project in Bahr El Ghazal in association with the Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA).
"ADRA is very well organized and doing a fantastic job. We have never seen such compassion and professionalism from an NGO, especially under such difficult circumstances," said
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Burundi + 7 others
UNHCR Country Updates: Great Lakes & Western Africa

At a Glance
  • Flow of refugees into Zambia from DRC's Katanga province continues 7,000 Sierra Leonean refugees registered in Guinea in two weeks
  • Thousands of Rwandans have returned spontaneously to the northwest, according to officials
  • Tanzania-Burundi-UNHCR tripartite meeting planned for late March is postponed
  • Work advances on camps for Angolan and Congolese refugees in the DRC
GREAT LAKES

REPUBLIC OF CONGO

The U.N. Security Coordinator (UNSECOORD) in New York announced on 18 March that security measures in Brazzaville

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Colombia + 3 others
Save the Children Hotline News: 24 Mar 1999

COLOMBIA
It has been raining heavily for the last few weeks, bringing misery to families who were made homeless by the earthquake last January.

Save the Children has helped set up 127 large community kitchens in slum areas. These are run by local groups called the community mothers. The kitchens are now providing a hot meal a day for over 30,000 people.

Working with Oxfam, Save the Children is also providing portable toilets, and distributing soap, nappies and other relief materials.

HONDURAS

Save the Children continues to expand

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WFP urgently appeals for food aid for Sudan, warns of looming crisis

UNITED NATIONS - Catherine Bertini, Executive Director of the UN World Food Programme, appealed to the international community today to quickly increase aid to Sudan in order to avoid a humanitarian crisis reminiscent of last year's severe food shortages which caused the deaths of thousands of Sudanese.
WFP must raise at least $64 million in the coming days to purchase 55,000 metric tons of food to avoid complete exhaustion of its food aid stocks for the war-torn country. Most urgently needed are pulses, oil, corn-soya blend and cereals.

Because purchase, shipping and preparation

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Sudan: ICRC President asks SPLM/A leader to make special gesture

Press Release 99/13
Geneva (ICRC) - On 22 March 1999 the President of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), Mr Cornelio Sommaruga, met the leader of the Sudan Peoples' Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A), Dr John Garang, at ICRC headquarters in Geneva.

Their discussions focused on the ICRC's activities in Sudan and on the incident that occurred on 18 February in the Bentiu region. The ICRC President asked Dr Garang to make a special gesture by freeing the three Sudanese government officials who remain in

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USCR Weekly News From Sudan

<http://www.refugees.org/news/crisis/sudan.htm>
USCR Testifies Before U.S.Senate

Roger Winter, executive director of U.S. Committee for Refugees, testified before the Senate Subcommittee on African Affairs on Tuesday, March 23. In his testimony, Winter criticized the United States' failure to take more aggressive steps to resolve Sudan's civil war, in which more than 1.9 million people have died in the past 15 years.

At the hearing, chaired by Senator Bill