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U.S. Commends Sudan's Peace Pact With Rebels

KHARTOUM, Sudan (PANA) - The United States embassy here has commended the peace agreement the Sudanese government signed last week with some of the southern rebel groups but urged Khartoum to seek a peaceful settlement with other factions.
In a press statement issued in Khartoum on Wednesday, the embassy said the concept of the agreement set important precedents that address the concerns of Southern Sudanese.

On April 22, the government of Gen. Omar el Bashir signed a peace pact with six rebel groups which broke away from

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Sudan Monthly Information Report Apr 1997


OLS is a consortium of UN and non-government agencies working with the people of southern Sudan, whose survival, protection and development is jeopardized by the complex emergency and chronic underdevelopment. In striving to meet the needs of the southern Sudanese, OLS: saves lives, promotes self-reliance, protects people's safety and dignity and enables them to invest in their future. - OLS Southern Sector mission statement, January 1997
PO Box 44145, Nairobi, Kenya, Tel: (254-2) 622410, Fax: (254-2) 215296, Email: unicef.ols@unicef.unon.org

OLS Programmes Update

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OLS Southern Sector Update 97/17

TWO KILLED IN LOKICHOKIO RAFTING ACCIDENT...
Anne Dufrey, a MEDAIR staff member, died on 27 April when she was caught on a fallen tree during a rafting excursion. A group of three OLS staff (two MEDAIR and one ACROSS) were rafting on innertubes at 1.00pm on the swollen river that flows behind the UN compound, when the river, which was reportedly calm when the trip began, became rough and unmanageable. Anne became marooned on a tree in the middle of the river then was trapped by another tree that swept into her. The water, which had large waves and a current of some
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OLS Southern Sector Update 97/4,

A weekly report on major developments concerning relief operations in southern Sudan.
REPORTS OF MEASLES INVESTIGATED...

On 19 January, staff of World Vision International (WVI) reported an outbreak of measles in Mapara and Makuac, Tonj County. In response, a UNICEF health officer visited the area on 21-24 January to investigate the reports. During the visit, the health officer traveled to the affected locations and held discussions with WVI staff, local Expanded Programme of Immunization (EPI) teams, the SRRA medical coordinator, local administrators and members of the affected

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Sudan Complains Against Eritrea

Musengwa Kayaya PANA Staff Correspondent
KHARTOUM, Sudan (PANA) - Sudan has complained to four international organisations against Eritrea following what it termed as the confessions by the neighbouring country's President, Issaiyas Afewerki, that his government was backing anti-Khartoum exiles in their fighting.

The Sudan News Agency (SUNA) on Saturday quoted a statement issued by the country's Foreign Minister, Ali Osman Taha, as saying Khartoum had complained to the United Nations Security Council, the Organization of African Unity (OAU), the Cairo-based League

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Robert Van Schaik appointed Secretary-General's Special Envoy for the Sudan

NEW YORK, 25 April 1997 - (Department of Humanitarian Affairs) - - Secretary-General Kofi Annan has decided to appoint Robert van Schaik, former Permanent Representative of the Netherlands to the United Nations, as his Special Envoy for Humanitarian Affairs for the Sudan. Ambassador van Schaik succeeds Ambassador Vieri Traxler, who resigned last September on account of ill health.
The Sudanese population has been severely affected by the civil conflict, which is now in its fourteenth year. Over one million lives have been lost and some four million persons are displaced internally.
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FEWS Bulletin 25 April 1997

Sudan's long rains began in mid-March in Western and Eastern Equatoria. In Bahr el Ghazal, Upper Nile, and Jonglei, where the rains arrived early, some farmers have already planted, while others -- remembering last year's poor crop resulting from rains that also began early but then petered out -- are waiting.
Pasture quality in Western Equatoria and parts of Eastern Equatoria has improved with the rains. Herders from southeastern
Sudan are moving into these areas, following their usual seasonal migration patterns. UNICEF-Operation Lifeline Sudan began vaccinations against rinderpest
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Sudan Travel Advice 24 Apr 1997

Travel Advice Unit, Consular Division
Foreign & Commonwealth Office
1 Palace Street, London SW1E 5HE

Tel: 0171 238 4503/4504
Fax: 0171 238 4545

SUDAN

Date of last change: 24 April 1997

The security situation in Southern Sudan and the Nuba mountains remains unstable due to the continuing civil war. Only those engaged in essential relief work should visit South Sudan.

There is continued military activity near the Ethiopian and Eritrean borders, and banditry and tribal clashes

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Exiled Opposition Rejects This Week's Peace Pact

By Moyiga Nduru
LONDON, Apr 23 (IPS) - Exiled Sudanese opposition leader Mohamed Osman al Mirghani has warned that the peace agreement signed this week between the Islamic fundamentalist government and six rebel groups could ultimately break up Africa's largest country.

He said a clique of avowed separatists, made up of elements from the majority Arab Muslim north and Christian African south, have conspired to split up the Sudan into two separate nations.

''We shall take drastic measures to stop the separatists from splitting up our country,'' he told a gathering of

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Cry of help from 'terror' mountains

As the United Nations considers imposing sanctions on Sudan over its alleged export of Islamic terror, Gemini News Service reports on an appeal from a minority group in the country who say they are being destroyed in a "holy war".

By PETER MOSZYNSKI
London

The Nuba people of central Sudan have sounded an international alarm, appealing for help against what they describe as a concealed campaign of terror against them.

Nuba representatives say thousands of people have been killed, others raped and tortured, children kidnapped

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Khartoum Signs Peace Pact With Six Rebel Factions

Yahya el Hassan PANA Correspondent
KHARTOUM, Sudan ( PANA) - Two African presidents witnessed in Khartoum Monday evening the signing ceremony of a peace agreement between the Sudanese government and six minor rebel factions which had been waging war against the government of Gen. Omar al Bashir.

Presidents Felix Ange Patasse of the Central African Republic and Idriss Deby of Chad, were joined by a visiting Malaysian deputy foreign minister and Khartoum-based diplomats to witness the pact.

The main rebel group, the Sudan People's

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OLS Southern Sector Update 97/16,22 April 1997

A weekly report on major developments concerning relief operations in southern Sudan
OLS PILOT STILL DETAINED IN KHARTOUM...

Rick Stewart, an Air Kenya employee and pilot of the UNICEF-chartered Twin Otter aircraft, is still being held in Khartoum after being moved there from Bor on 20 March. The aircraft was detained in Bor on 14-20 March after it landed to deliver 20kg of spare parts for a UNICEF water project. After landing, Sudan Government authorities questioned the pilots, indicating that flight clearance for the aircraft

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U.S. Congress Team To Witness Sudanese Peace Pact

Mildred Mulenga PANA Staff Correspondent
KHARTOUM, Sudan (PANA) - A delegation from the U.S. Congress is in Sudan to witness the signing of a peace agreement on Monday between the government and the Nubian Mountains splinter group of the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM).

The Sudan News Agency (SUNA) reported on Monday that the U.S. Congress team, headed by Mervyn Dymally arrived Khartoum on Sunday afternoon.

Dymally, who chaired the congress's external relations committee for 12 years, told SUNA on Sunday the team was on an information gathering mission.

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Ugandan Soldiers Confess To Participating In Attack

KHARTOUM, Sudan (PANA) - Two Ugandan soldiers, taken captive by the Sudanese army, appeared on state television Saturday night, saying they participated in last week's attack against Sudanese positions south of Juba.
The two who spoke Swahili, an official language in Uganda, appealed to other Ugandan soldiers not to venture into Sudan since most of those who tried to do so have been killed by Sudanese troops.

Many of our colleagues have been killed and the tanks have been destroyed and burned down. Please don't be fooled to enter the Sudan.

Let the Ugandan government not lie to

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Commission approves humanitarian aid package worth ECU 11.8 million

Report
European Union
ip/97/323
The European Commission has approved a package of humanitarian aid worth ECU 11.8 million for Sudan. The aid, managed by the European Community Humanitarian Office (ECHO), will enable specialist organisations of the United Nations and non-governmental agencies to carry out a coordinated programme in the conflict-ridden country for a one-year period.

Civil war has been affecting the country since 1983, and prospects of an end to it are very remote. Humanitarian needs fall into two categories: those that arise as a direct result of

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Sudan Peace Agreement

Peace File Number 9
A Document Published
by the Sudanese Ministry of External Relations,
Khartoum, 16th April 1997

An occasional paper published by
The Sudan Foundation
(Director: Sean Gabb)
212 Piccadilly
London WC1V 9LD
United Kingdom

Telephone: 0171 917 1854
Fax: 0171 439 0262
E-mail: main@sufo.demon.co.uk
Web Page: http://www.sufo.demon.co.uk

ISBN: 1 86234 030 7
(c) 1997: The Sudan Foundation, Sean Gabb

All opinions expressed herein are those

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The Nuba Are Worst-hit by the Civil War

Report
Africanews
by Renato Kizito Sesana (1,200 words)

Against the wishes of the majority, the Sudanese civil strife continues unabated, claiming many lives and causing suffering of Biblical proportions to thousands of others. But the inhabitants of the Nuba Mountains are perhaps the worst affected by the protracted war as our writer discovered on a recent visit to the region.

The scene was the Nuba Mountains, in the heart of Sudan. With the local Christian community, the priest celebrated Easter in Amdrafi, Kerker, Komo, Umderdu and Kauda, moving on foot with

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Measures Approved on Situation in Sudan

(Excerpt)
AFTERNOON

HR/CN/97/49

...

In a resolution on the situation of human rights in the Sudan, the Commission expressed deep concern at continued serious
human rights violations by the Government, including extrajudicial killings, arbitrary arrests, detentions without due process,
enforced or involuntary disappearances, violations of the rights of women and children, slavery and slavery-like practices,
forced displacements, systematic torture, and denial of freedoms of religion, expression, association, and peaceful assembly. It also expressed deep

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OLS Southern Sector Update 97/15,15 April 1997

A weekly report on major developments concerning relief operations in southern Sudan
BOMBS DROPPED ON YEI...

Two aircraft dropped bombs on Yei on 10 April where UN and NGO staff have been working during the past few weeks carrying out relief and rehabilitation programmes and assessing the population and situation of over 55,000 people that have returned to the area since mid-March.

FINDINGS OF YEI ASSESSMENT PRESENTED IN NAIROBI...

A recently completed joint OLS assessment took place from 27 March to 5 April and was comprised of representatives