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Sudan: Humanitarian Action in Darfur, weekly bulletin No. 39, 11 Sep - 01 Oct 2009

Key overall developments

- Following a recent fighting in Korma, 741 households have reportedly been displaced to Umleyona while another 59 households have moved to Rwanda camp. The remaining population has reportedly taken refuge in the mountains south of Korma. A humanitarian needs assessment mission planned to Korma has been cancelled due to the prevailing insecurity.

- WFP's third round of the Darfur Food Security Monitoring System (FSMS) found the food security situation has improved in North and South Darfur and deteriorated in West Darfur except

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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Chad + 1 other
Tchad : Transfert d'un camp de réfugiés dû à l'insécurité dans l'est

Report
IRIN
N'DJAMENA, 1 octobre 2009 (IRIN) - Dans l'est du Tchad, des travailleurs humanitaires préparent le transfert d'environ 28 000 hommes, femmes et enfants soudanais, qui vivent actuellement dans un camp infiltré par des rebelles présumés.

Mi-septembre, le gouvernement tchadien a décidé de déplacer le camp d'Ouré Cassoni, situé près de la ville de Bahai, dans le nord du pays, à sept kilomètres de la frontière avec le Soudan.

Le Haut commissariat des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés (UNHCR) s'est réjoui de cette décision, qui était attendue

IRIN:

A selection of IRIN reports are posted on ReliefWeb. Find more IRIN news and analysis at http://www.irinnews.org

Une sélection d'articles d'IRIN sont publiés sur ReliefWeb. Trouvez d'autres articles et analyses d'IRIN sur http://www.irinnews.org

This article does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations or its agencies. Refer to the IRIN copyright page for conditions of use.

Cet article ne reflète pas nécessairement les vues des Nations Unies. Voir IRIN droits d'auteur pour les conditions d'utilisation.

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Beshir pledges free Sudan vote in 2010

KHARTOUM, Oct 1, 2009 (AFP) - President Omar al-Beshir on Thursday said he supported a "democratic transformation" in Sudan and promised that general elections scheduled for next year would be free and fair.

He spoke after around 20 political parties threatened on Wednesday to boycott the elections -- the first in more than two decades -- unless he implements reforms.

"We affirm our commitment for a democratic transformation and multi-party politics as well as holding general elections without influence and pressure," Beshir told his ruling

Agence France-Presse:

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Chad + 8 others
FAO Desert Locust Bulletin No. 372 - 01 Oct 2009

General Situation during September 2009

Forecast until mid-November 2009

The Desert Locust situation remained calm during September. Good rains fell in most of the summer breeding area in the northern Sahel between Mauritania and western Eritrea in early September but decreased thereafter. Small-scale breeding caused locust numbers to increase in Mauritania and limited control operations were carried out. Breeding probably occurred in parts of the northern Sahel from Mali to western Eritrea but surveys were only carried out in Chad where low numbers

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Sudan: Organized violence escalating in the south

Report
IRIN
JUBA, 1 October 2009 (IRIN) - A month before the recent attack in Jonglei State that left scores dead, Daniel Dau had moved his family from Duk to Twich East County, about 100km away, believing they would be safer there.

But he was wrong. On 20 September, Duk Padiet village in Twich was attacked and at least 167 people killed, according to Jonglei State statistics.

The dead included Dau's uncle. "[He was] the only surviving member of his family," said David Dau, Daniel's son and head of the Agency for Independent Media, a media development organization in Southern Sudan.

IRIN:

A selection of IRIN reports are posted on ReliefWeb. Find more IRIN news and analysis at http://www.irinnews.org

Une sélection d'articles d'IRIN sont publiés sur ReliefWeb. Trouvez d'autres articles et analyses d'IRIN sur http://www.irinnews.org

This article does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations or its agencies. Refer to the IRIN copyright page for conditions of use.

Cet article ne reflète pas nécessairement les vues des Nations Unies. Voir IRIN droits d'auteur pour les conditions d'utilisation.

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Southern Sudan denies issuing ultimatum

Report
Voice of America
By Peter Clottey

The Southern Sudanese government has denied issuing an ultimatum to the National Congress Party (NCP) over disagreements about the full implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (SPA).

This followed reports that opposition political parties, including the Southern Sudanese government had threatened to boycott the scheduled April 2010 general election if the NCP fails to fully implement the CPA.

But Juba denied issuing the ultimatum, saying it wanted the NCP to expedite implementation of the agreement.

Political observers expressed worry the

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Sudan: Refreshing MRE in Southern Kordofan

AAR Japan was tasked by UNMAO to deploy for one month in Um Serdiba, Southern Kordofan, to work alongside the Egyptian Military Demining Company as they clear the area of mines and UXO. As his team conducts a mine risk education session in a school, Elsir Omer Daoud, AAR Japan team leader, tells of the challenges faced by the local community: "There are currently about 3,000 people known to the community, some have been here for a long time, some are new. Because the Egyptian Military are working nearby, it is important that people understand what demining
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Chad + 3 others
Arms race between Northern and Southern Sudan escalates: New report

(1 OCTOBER, GENEVA) The armies of Northern and Southern Sudan have been engaging in an arms race since the signing of a peace agreement in 2005, according to a new report from the Small Arms Survey. The report comes amid growing tensions between the parties to the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) and fears of a return to North-South armed conflict. The report also notes the likelihood of additional weapons reaching armed groups and militias
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ECA's work on sustainable development in line with Africa's priority, says Dione

Addis Ababa, 01 October, 2009 ( ECA) - The Director of Food and Sustainable Development Division at the Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), Dr. Josue Dione said today in Addis Ababa that the Commission's work, especially in land policy, agriculture and climate change, were in line with the most serious development challenges faced by Africa.

Briefing the Bureau of the fifth session of the Africa Committee on Sustainable Development, Dr. Dione said many conflicts in Africa could be traced to land issues, and that those conflicts

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Rwanda + 6 others
"Violence against women: Global costs and consequences": Stephen J. Rapp, Ambassador-at-Large, Office of War Crimes Issues

Statement Prepared For the Senate Foreign Relations Committee Hearing: "Violence Against Women: Global Costs and Consequences"

Chairman Kerry, Ranking Member Lugar, and Distinguished Members of the Committee:

I am honored to appear before you this afternoon. As you know, this is the first time I am testifying before a Congressional committee as Ambassador-at-Large for War Crimes Issues, and I am particularly gratified to do so on a subject that is of central importance to this Administration - the need for effective action to combat violence

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"Violence against women: Global costs and consequences": Melanne Verveer, Ambassador-at-Large, Office of Global Women's Issues, Department of State

Statement Prepared For the Senate Foreign Relations Committee Hearing: "Violence Against Women: Global Costs and Consequences"

I am honored to appear before you this afternoon, in this groundbreaking hearing in full Committee, to address one of the most serious global challenges of our time: violence against women. Thank you Chairman Kerry, Ranking Member Lugar, and Distinguished Members of the Committee for taking the time to address this important issue and for holding this hearing that builds on the May 13 Subcommittee

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"Violence against women: Global costs and consequences": Testimony presented by Major General Patrick Cammaert

Senate Foreign Relations Committee Hearing: "Violence Against Women: Global Costs and Consequences"

Thank you Chairman Kerry, Senator Lugar and all the members of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee for inviting me here today and taking the time to talk about this important issue. My name is Patrick Cammaert. I retired in 2007 as a Major General after 39 years in service. Operating in conflict zones have been large parts of my career, most importantly during the years I served with the United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO). I have witnessed that violence

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Angola + 14 others
"Beyond victimhood: Protection and participation of women in the pursuit of peace": Donald Steinberg, Deputy President for Policy, International Crisis Group

Testimony for U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee

Mr. Chairman. I would like to begin by thanking you and ranking member Senator Lugar for your initiative in bringing us together to address the issue of global violence against women, and for your continuing leadership on these issues. My testimony will focus on eliminating such violence by promoting protection and participation of women in the pursuit of peace.

For those of us who have spent decades working on issues of women's empowerment and protection in conflict situations,

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World + 3 others
Negotiating Natural Resources for Peace: Ownership, Control and Wealth-Sharing

Natural resources (such as oil, natural gas, diamonds, minerals, forests and water) are often a major source of national income, and are also a major cause of conflict and instability if mismanaged or shared unfairly. Countries with weak institutions often struggle to handle the potentially destructive force of corruption and attempts by various actors to capture the wealth generated by natural resources.
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Sudan + 1 other
Cross-border trade: fuelling conflict or building peace? An exploration of cross-border trade between Sudan and Uganda and the implications for peacebuilding

Summary

In places emerging from conflict, trade offers opportunities to revitalize a region, re-establish relationships and build new links between communities estranged by violence. This study explores how trade policy and practice along the Uganda-Sudan border is contributing to peacebuilding and socio-economic recovery in the region - and in some cases is exacerbating or creating tensions that require careful management. It examines existing policy frameworks and documents the experiences of traders, businesses, trading associations, border communities

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Chad + 1 other
Chad: Refugee women face high levels of rape both inside and outside camps despite UN presence

Report
Amnesty
Darfuri refugee women and girls face high levels of rape and other violence on a daily basis both inside and outside refugee camps in eastern Chad, despite the presence of UN security forces, a new Amnesty International report reveals.

In No place for us here: Violence against refugee women in eastern Chad, Amnesty International documents rape and other violence against women and girls in the camps, who face attacks carried out by villagers living nearby and members of the Chadian National Army.

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Chad + 1 other
No place for us here: Violence against refugee women in eastern Chad

Report
Amnesty
I INTRODUCTION

Amidst the widespread human rights violations that have devastated Darfur and eastern Chad, crimes of rape and other violence against women have been pervasive. Amnesty International has documented and denounced the shocking levels of rape and other violence that women in Darfur and eastern Chad have been subject to. As these reports by Amnesty International, as well as by other organizations and UN agencies reveal, rape and other forms of violence against women have been widespread during attacks on villages on both sides of the Chad/Darfur border.

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UN Security Council: A victory for women caught in war

(New York, September 30, 2009) - The United Nations Security Council resolution up for a vote today to create a senior coordinator to address how armed conflict affects women around the globe is a vital step toward more consistent UN action on the issue, Human Rights Watch said today.

The decision to create the position, which will focus initially on ending sexual violence during and after armed conflict, comes nine years after the Security Council pledged a comprehensive response on peace and security issues for women.

"While the UN spent years debating,

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