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Sudan + 1 other
Uganda: Donors respond to northern emergency

Report
IRIN
NAIROBI, 28 February (IRIN) - [Subscribers - please note this version replaces the original story, posted Friday 28 February, which is wrong and has been withdrawn]
Donors have responded positively with funds in response to northern Uganda's humanitarian crisis resulting from renewed attacks by the Lord's Resistance Army rebels, a senior government official has said.

Martin Owuor, the assistant commissioner for emergency response and preparedness in the office of the prime minister, told IRIN on Friday that donors had contributed up to 90 percent of the

IRIN:

A selection of IRIN reports are posted on ReliefWeb. Find more IRIN news and analysis at http://www.irinnews.org

Une sélection d'articles d'IRIN sont publiés sur ReliefWeb. Trouvez d'autres articles et analyses d'IRIN sur http://www.irinnews.org

This article does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations or its agencies. Refer to the IRIN copyright page for conditions of use.

Cet article ne reflète pas nécessairement les vues des Nations Unies. Voir IRIN droits d'auteur pour les conditions d'utilisation.

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Sudan: Major step to implement humanitarian law

Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir signed a decree in February to set up a national commission on international humanitarian law. The commission's creation is a major step toward effective implementation of humanitarian law in Sudan, a country that has suffered 19 years of internal conflict. Its task will be to advise and assist the government in spreading knowledge of and applying international humanitarian law, and thus meeting its international obligations.

Effective compliance with the law requires that governments take a series of legislative, administrative and practical
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South African bishop heads ecumenical peace forum on Sudan

Cape Town, South Africa (PANA) - South African Catholic Bishop Kevin Dowling, known at home and abroad for his commitment to justice and peace, has been chosen to chair the Sudan Ecumenical Forum whose advocacy office, Sudan Focal Point, is based in South Africa.

The forum, which brings together Sudanese churches and their international partners to work for peace in Sudan, held its annual assembly in South Africa this week to discuss the role of the church in peace efforts in Sudan.

"I hope to build on the firm foundations

Pan African News Agency:

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Sudan + 1 other
Humanitarian Update - Uganda, Volume V, Issue 2

February 2003
Karamoja drought tightens its grip

In response to the worsening drought situation in Karamoja, WFP will start general food distributions to the most drought-affected population in the region. The WFP Moroto field office confirmed that the first batch of 1000 tonnes is already in Karamoja and will be distributed to an estimated 35,000 households -- Moroto has 4491 households, Nakapiripirit has 10,920 and Kotido has 20,555. The estimated average members per household are six. The most affected households were

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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Kenya + 1 other
Kenya Humanitarian Update Feb 2003

Overview
The government has continued with its waragainst corruption and plunderers of the national economy by announcing that it was investigating past misdeeds and would soon net those implicated in running down the national economy.

In order to stem a tide of industrial unrest, the government directed investors operating at the Export Processing Zones (EPZs) to raise their minimum wages to levels set out by the government with immediate effect. Some schools are having to cope with a 100 % or more increase after more than one million out of school children enrolled

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Eritrea + 7 others
FEWS Greater Horn of Africa Food Security Update 28 Feb 2003

Summary
Pledges to the food aid appeal of the governments of Eritrea and Ethiopia for 2003 have reached over 897,000 MT or 47 percent of the total appeal of 1.92 million MT from the two countries. However, the amount is still insufficient to meet the emergency requirements for 2003.

The current food aid distributions in Eritrea are being provided at reduced rations of 60 percent of the assessed needs. In Ethiopia, the pipeline is only secure through mid May. In both countries, there are increasing levels of serious to critical child malnutrition

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Eritrea + 7 others
FEWS Greater Horn of Africa Food Security Update 28 Feb 2003


Summary
Pledges to the food aid appeal of the governments of Eritrea and Ethiopia for 2003 have reached over 897,000 MT or 47 percent of the total appeal of 1.92 million MT from the two countries. However, the amount is still insufficient to meet the emergency requirements for 2003.

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USAID Field Report Sudan Feb 2003

United States Agency for International Development
Bureau for Democracy, Conflict and Humanitarian Assistance
Office of Transition Initiatives

Program Description

Since 1983, an estimated two million Sudanese have died as a result of the protracted conflict, drought and famine. In the past year, however, several positive developments within Sudan have occurred, providing new opportunities to finally resolve Africa's longest war and move the country to a lasting peace. In addition to several successful local level people-to-people peace processes, the Government

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Sudan: Government denies existence of new rebel group

Report
IRIN
NAIROBI, 27 February (IRIN) - The Sudanese government has denied the existence of a new rebel group in the country, which was this week reported to have seized a town in western Sudan.

AFP reported from Khartoum on Wednesday that a new rebel group, calling itself the Front for the Liberation of Darfur (FLD), had seized the town of Gulu in Jebel Marrah province, and installed its own administration. The region is not currently covered by
IRIN:

A selection of IRIN reports are posted on ReliefWeb. Find more IRIN news and analysis at http://www.irinnews.org

Une sélection d'articles d'IRIN sont publiés sur ReliefWeb. Trouvez d'autres articles et analyses d'IRIN sur http://www.irinnews.org

This article does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations or its agencies. Refer to the IRIN copyright page for conditions of use.

Cet article ne reflète pas nécessairement les vues des Nations Unies. Voir IRIN droits d'auteur pour les conditions d'utilisation.

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Sudan to strengthen economic ties with S. Africa

Report
Xinhua
News Article by Xinhua posted on February 27, 2003 at 13:15:57: EST (-5 GMT)

JOHANNESBURG, Feb 27, 2003 (Xinhua) -- Improving economic cooperation with South Africa will be high on the agenda once peace is restored in the Sudan, visiting Sudanese Vice President Moses Machar said Thursday.

The ongoing peace negotiations are "very promising" and should result in a truce in a few months, he told reporters in Pretoria after meeting with South African Deputy President Jacob Zuma.

"Should this be possible, then we

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Sudanese peace talks to resume in Nairobi next week: Machar

PRETORIA, Feb 27 (AFP) - Peace talks between Sudan's government and a rebel group fighting for self-determination in the south will resume in Nairobi next week, Sudanese Vice President Moses Machar said on Thursday.
Machar, who spoke to reporters after meeting his South African counterpart in Pretoria during a two-day working visit, said the talks would centre around the division of wealth and power in the vast northern African country.

"When these talks were finished, talks about the security of politicians involved in the transitional process will follow," he said.

Agence France-Presse:

©AFP: The information provided in this product is for personal use only. None of it may be reproduced in any form whatsoever without the express permission of Agence France-Presse.

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Sudan + 1 other
Uganda not to train Sudanese rebels: defense minister

Report
Xinhua
News Article by Xinhua posted on February 28, 2003 at 00:18:49: EST (-5 GMT)

KAMPALA, Feb 27, 2003 (Xinhua) -- The government of Uganda will not train Sudanese People's Liberation Army (SPLA) for waging war against the Sudanese government, said a top Ugandan government official on Thursday.

Defense Minister Amama Mbabazi made the remarks when he was speaking in parliament on Thursday evening in his statement to brief MPs on the security situation in northern Uganda, according to a report from Radio Uganda.

Mbabazi said the government of Uganda

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Angola + 25 others
SIDA disaster assistance: EUR 49 million to alleviate humanitarian crises in the world

Sida has just decided to allocate nearly EUR 49,1 million for disaster measures in reply to the United Nation's annual requests for aid regarding different countries and regions.
The largest positive changes since last year are that Angola and Sudan are now involved in peace processes, which means that assistance will now focus on reconstruction, internal refugees and re-integration. Besides armed conflict, HIV/Aids represents the single biggest threat. The disease is claiming more and more victims in southern Africa and its devastating consequences are becoming increasingly evident.
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Time for action now on Sudan's new commitment to bring its laws in line with international humanitarian law

Report
Amnesty
News Release Issued by the International Secretariat of Amnesty International
AI-index: AFR 54/007/2003

Amnesty International welcomes President Omar al-Beshir's recent decree ordering the appointment of a committee to bring Sudanese laws in line with international humanitarian law and to set up implementation mechanisms.

"The committee should be formed of independent experts in Sudanese law and humanitarian law. The Sudanese Government should act decisively and speedily to ensure that breaches of international humanitarian law are ended and that the civilian population

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New rebel group seizes west Sudan town

KHARTOUM, Feb 26 (AFP) - A newly formed armed rebel group has seized a provincial capital in the western Darfur region of Sudan, an area outside the remit of peace talks aimed at end a 20-year civil war between north and south, Khartoum newspapers said Wednesday.

Around 300 rebels identifying themselves as the Front for the Liberation of Darfur (FLD) seized the town of Gulu, capital of Jebel Marrah province, and installed their own administration, the papers quoted senior local government officials as saying.

The rebel appointee, identified as Abdullah

Agence France-Presse:

©AFP: The information provided in this product is for personal use only. None of it may be reproduced in any form whatsoever without the express permission of Agence France-Presse.

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World Vision Sudan receives $6m for malaria and TB interventions

Report
World Vision
NAIROBI - World Vision Sudan will receive $6.675m to combat malaria as part of a five-year grant to Sudan by the Global Fund to fight AIDS, TB and Malaria (GFATM) worth a total of $43m.
The grant will enable World Vision to distribute insecticide-treated bednets and conduct malaria awareness programmes in the Shilluk Kingdom, Gogrial, Tonj, Tambura and Ezo County.

In addition, the team will work closely with Comitato Collaborazione Medica, an Italian non-governmental organisation which provides DOTS treatment for TB in southern Sudan.

Programme officer Steffen Horstmeier

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Afghanistan + 35 others
FAO/GIEWS Food Outlook No. 1, 2003

Highlights
Global cereal output in 2002 is estimated at 1 838 million tonnes, slightly up from the forecast in December, but still 3.3 percent down from the previous year. However, given the expected expansion in cereal utilization in 2002/03, world cereal stocks for crop years ending in 2003 could plunge to their lowest level since the early 1970s.

Prospects for 2003 cereal production are mixed. Early indications for the 2003 wheat crops point to a likely increase in global output. The first 2003 coarse grain crops are already

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Sudan: US stresses commitment to peace

Report
IRIN
NAIROBI, 25 February (IRIN) - The US government has emphasised its commitment to a peaceful end to Sudan's long running conflict.
In a new report, Walter Kansteiner, the US Assistant Secretary for African Affairs, said that bringing peace to Sudan was a key priority of President George Bush's administration.

The report, entitled "Peace, Conflict and Mediation In Africa: An Historic Opportunity in Sudan", said bringing peace to Sudan was also in the national security interest of the US government.

"I am pleased to be able to say

IRIN:

A selection of IRIN reports are posted on ReliefWeb. Find more IRIN news and analysis at http://www.irinnews.org

Une sélection d'articles d'IRIN sont publiés sur ReliefWeb. Trouvez d'autres articles et analyses d'IRIN sur http://www.irinnews.org

This article does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations or its agencies. Refer to the IRIN copyright page for conditions of use.

Cet article ne reflète pas nécessairement les vues des Nations Unies. Voir IRIN droits d'auteur pour les conditions d'utilisation.

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CWS Emergency Appeal: Sudan - Assistance for IDPs/Eastern Equatoria and N. Bahr el Ghazal

Appeal Number: 6467
Appeal Amount: $80,000
Situation Report

Despite ongoing peace efforts, the people of southern Sudan continue to be caught in a war between the Sudan military and the Sudan Peoples Liberation Movement/Army (SPLA). Of particular concern has been continued aerial bombing by the Sudan government forces; also of concern is ongoing instability in the so-called Eastern Equatoria region, as the government-backed Lord Resistance Army (LRA), a Ugandan rebel movement, has turned against local communities and hundreds were reportedly massacred.

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Angola + 7 others
Africa: Update on the food crisis threatening over 30 million people in Southern and East Africa

Given the scale of the crisis in Africa, provisional estimates from the World Food Programme have raised concerns over being able to meet increased food aid needs in 2003.
FOOD SECURITY CRISIS IN AFRICA - February 2003

This paper takes up from the Food Security Crisis in Africa paper prepared by Concern in November 2002 and may be read in conjunction with that. It focuses attention primarily on two regions - East and Southern Africa, but there are growing concerns about some areas of West Africa and the Greater Horn.

Numbers affected for the period January to December 2003: