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Clare Short welcomes church role in Sudan peacebuilding

Report
Tearfund
Tearfund, in co-operation with CAFOD and Christian Aid, is funding a conference of the Sudan Ecumenical Forum (SEF) taking place 4th - 6th March in London. The charities, which all have extensive involvement in Sudan, are calling on the UK and US governments to convince all parties engaged in the conflict to go to the peace-negotiating table.
The Secretary of State for International Development Clare Short will be one of the keynote speakers. She says, "The civil war in Sudan has continued for all but 10 years since independence
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Djibouti + 4 others
Horn of Africa: IRIN Weekly Round-up 78 covering the period 23 Feb - 01 Mar 2002

Report
IRIN
UNITED NATIONS
Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Integrated Regional Information Network
SOMALIA: Mogadishu still too dangerous for UN, Annan says

UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan has said the security situation in Mogadishu is still too uncertain for a long-term UN security presence in the Somali capital. In a report to the Security Council, Annan stated that Somalia remained one of the most dangerous environments in which the UN operates. "Security conditions for United Nations staff vary radically from place to place and are difficult to predict,"

IRIN:

A selection of IRIN reports are posted on ReliefWeb. Find more IRIN news and analysis at http://www.irinnews.org

Une sélection d'articles d'IRIN sont publiés sur ReliefWeb. Trouvez d'autres articles et analyses d'IRIN sur http://www.irinnews.org

This article does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations or its agencies. Refer to the IRIN copyright page for conditions of use.

Cet article ne reflète pas nécessairement les vues des Nations Unies. Voir IRIN droits d'auteur pour les conditions d'utilisation.

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Canada condemns attacks on civilians and humanitarian workers in Sudan

No. 21

Foreign Affairs Minister Bill Graham today joined Senator Lois Wilson, Canada's Special Envoy for Sudan, in expressing deep concern about attacks against civilians and humanitarian workers in southern Sudan by the Government of Sudan and allied militias. Minister Graham and Senator Wilson welcomed the Sudanese government's decision to investigate the matter, but insisted that such an investigation must be a credible effort that leads to stopping such inexcusable attacks on civilians.

"These attacks were carried out

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Sudan: Investigate Helicopter Killings

(New York, March 1, 2002) Human Rights Watch today called for an independent investigation into recent helicopter killings of civilians in southern Sudan.
On February 20, 2002, a Sudanese government helicopter attack killed seventeen civilians and injured many more at a U.N. relief food distribution location in the oilfield area of Bieh, Western Upper Nile, southern Sudan. The area had been approved by Sudan's government for relief distribution. U.N. food monitors and civilians witnessed the attack and other U.N. officials counted the dead.

"This is the latest and most deadly

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Sudan: NGOs urge concerted action against civilian attacks

Report
IRIN
NAIROBI, 1 March (IRIN) - A group of leading international non-governmental organisations (NGOs) on Friday called on the international and humanitarian communities to agree upon "clear and consistent disincentives" for warring parties who commit abuses against civilians and humanitarian aid agencies in Sudan.
"Precise benchmarks for action in both cases should be set and agreed upon by all the relevant international actors," according to the statement released by some 13 NGOs working in both north and south Sudan.

The NGOs urged the United Nations, European

IRIN:

A selection of IRIN reports are posted on ReliefWeb. Find more IRIN news and analysis at http://www.irinnews.org

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This article does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations or its agencies. Refer to the IRIN copyright page for conditions of use.

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Sudan to investigate bombing of civilians by army

MADRID, March 1 (AFP) - Sudan has launched an investigation into the February 20 bombing of civilians by the army which left 17 dead, the Sudanese embassy in Madrid said on Friday.

In its statement, the embassy said that the aim of the enquiry was "to avoid such tragic incidents in the future".

An air force helicopter fired rockets on people queuing for food aid in the World Food Programme compound of the southern village of Bieh, killing 17 and wounding many more, the UN reported on February 20.

Following the attack, the United States

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Humanitarian agencies condemn government attacks on civilians in southern Sudan

Report
CARE


CARE International has joined with other international aid agencies to urge governments and donors to condemn recent Government of Sudan attacks on civilians and humanitarian facilities in southern Sudan. Agencies state that these attacks are intolerable and demonstrate a disregard for the Geneva Convention, to which the Government of Sudan is a signatory.
Recent developments in the long-standing international conflict in the south have demonstrated clear grounds for concern:

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Sudan: Focus on oil-related clashes in western Upper Nile

Report
IRIN
NAIROBI, 28 February (IRIN) - A recent escalation in military activity in western Upper Nile (Wahdah, or Unity State) could be due to a major government offensive to gain control of oil production areas, according to humanitarian sources.
"An offensive which started around November has been increased in the last few weeks. We have reports that troops have come in from Kassala [in eastern Sudan] and from the Nuba Mountains [in Southern Kordofan, south-central Sudan] following the cease-fire agreement there," aid workers told IRIN on Tuesday.
IRIN:

A selection of IRIN reports are posted on ReliefWeb. Find more IRIN news and analysis at http://www.irinnews.org

Une sélection d'articles d'IRIN sont publiés sur ReliefWeb. Trouvez d'autres articles et analyses d'IRIN sur http://www.irinnews.org

This article does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations or its agencies. Refer to the IRIN copyright page for conditions of use.

Cet article ne reflète pas nécessairement les vues des Nations Unies. Voir IRIN droits d'auteur pour les conditions d'utilisation.

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Sudan: British charities emphasise dialogue, peace

Report
IRIN
NAIROBI, 28 February (IRIN) - Three British Christian development charities on Tuesday called on the United States and United Kingdom governments to take the necessary steps to convince all parties engaged in the Sudanese civil war to negotiate peace rather than continuing to pursue military options.
The call was made by the Catholic Agency for Overseas Development (CAFOD), Christian Aid and Tearfund in advance of the Sudan Ecumenical Forum, "a conference of Sudan's religious leaders and their external friends", due to be held in London from 4-6 March.
IRIN:

A selection of IRIN reports are posted on ReliefWeb. Find more IRIN news and analysis at http://www.irinnews.org

Une sélection d'articles d'IRIN sont publiés sur ReliefWeb. Trouvez d'autres articles et analyses d'IRIN sur http://www.irinnews.org

This article does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations or its agencies. Refer to the IRIN copyright page for conditions of use.

Cet article ne reflète pas nécessairement les vues des Nations Unies. Voir IRIN droits d'auteur pour les conditions d'utilisation.

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Uganda + 1 other
Uganda: Army rescues 80 LRA abductees

Report
IRIN
NAIROBI, 28 February (IRIN) - An estimated 700 Ugandan soldiers rescued some 80 civilians who were captured by the rebel Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) in a weekend attack on a market in northern Uganda, according to a Ugandan army official.
"The UPDF [Uganda People's Defence Force] pursued the rebels 10 or 20 kilo metres inside the Sudan, freed 80 civilians, and have now returned to Uganda," the army spokesman, Maj Shaban Bantariza, told IRIN on Thursday.

About 300 LRA rebels on Saturday 23 February attacked a local defence unit detachment in the Agoro Market area of Lamwo

IRIN:

A selection of IRIN reports are posted on ReliefWeb. Find more IRIN news and analysis at http://www.irinnews.org

Une sélection d'articles d'IRIN sont publiés sur ReliefWeb. Trouvez d'autres articles et analyses d'IRIN sur http://www.irinnews.org

This article does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations or its agencies. Refer to the IRIN copyright page for conditions of use.

Cet article ne reflète pas nécessairement les vues des Nations Unies. Voir IRIN droits d'auteur pour les conditions d'utilisation.

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Sudan + 2 others
Humanitarian Update - Uganda, Volume IV, Issue 2


Paving Roads for the Return of IDPs
Approximately 555,000 Ugandans have been displaced from their homes by the conflicts in southwestern and northern Uganda during the past sixteen years. Of these, approximately 47,000 have already returned home, primarily in Kitgum, with some 508,400 presently residing in and around protected villages/IDP camps on a full or part-time basis.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs:

To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit http://unocha.org/.

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Afghanistan + 33 others
FAO/GIEWS Food Outlook No. 1, 2002

Rome, February 2002, No. 1
Highlight

Global cereal output in 2001 is provisionally estimated at 1 880 million tonnes (including rice in milled terms), slightly up from the forecast in December and 1.2 percent up on the previous year. However, with global cereal utilization in 2001/02 still forecast to be well above this level at 1 935 million tonnes, the global cereal stocks will be drawn down significantly.

While overall food supply prospects for 2002 are more favourable than in the past two years, millions of people in developing countries still need emergency food assistance due

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Sudan government calls on rebels to agree immediate and permanent ceasefire to halt civilian casualties and safeguard humanitarian aid

The Government of Sudan today (Thursday) renewed its appeal to all combatants in the Country's civil war to agree an immediate and permanent cessation of hostilities as the only sure way to end the unnecessary suffering of Sudanese civilians.
'The escalation of the fighting of the SPLA and its allies can only heighten the risk of more civilian deaths and injuries,' Dr Ghazi Salahuddin Atabani, President Omer Al-Basher's Special Peace Advisor, said.

'If John Garang is serious about peace he must now demonstrate his good faith by halting his offensive and coming

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Sudan + 1 other
LWF Kenya/Sudan Programme Monthly Report Feb 2002

General Situation
Following Drs. John Garang and Riek Machar peace agreement between SPLM/A and SPDF on 6th January 2002 in Nairobi, there has been increased movement of Nuer businessmen into Bahr El Ghazal region particularly into Yirol County. There is a general feeling of trust and peace in the county.

The effects of the dry season, such as acute water shortage, vulnerability to food, high temperatures (40C) dust storms and migration to the vast marshy grazing lands along the River settlement are evident in the region.

Reported intra-clan clashes between the

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Southern Sudan health update Jan/Feb 2002

HIGHLIGHTS
- EWARN reviews provide lessons for further enhancing capacity building

- Refresher training offered to EWARN members and health workers

- EWARN partnership proved effective in detection, alert and response to meningitis and suspected VHF

- More polio immunization campaign (NIDs) carried out in southern Sudan

1.0. DISEASE SURVEILLANCE - AND EARLY WARNING AND RESPONSE NETWORK (EWARN)

1.1. Annual Progress Report Compiled

Activities in non-government controlled areas for 2001 focused on consolidating achievements in 2000. Based on

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Afghanistan + 29 others
FAO/GIEWS Foodcrops and Shortages No. 1/2002

CROP AND FOOD SUPPLY SITUATION
OVERVIEW

As of mid-February 2002, the number of countries facing serious food shortages throughout the world stands at 29 However, in several sub-regions the food supply situation has markedly improved compared to 1999/2000.

In eastern Africa, harvesting of the 2001/02 secondary cereal crops is almost complete in most countries, except in Ethiopia where planting is about to commence. In Kenya the food outlook is favourable, following sufficient rainfall during the season. In Somalia, harvest prospects have improved with better rains than during

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Sierra Leone + 8 others
Sex and corruption scandals taint African aid work

MONROVIA, Feb 27 (Reuters) - A study in West Africa has revealed the widespread sexual exploitation of refugee children by aid workers and peacekeepers in exchange for supplies sent to save lives.

The scandal, details of which emerged on Tuesday, is the latest in a series involving sex and corruption to taint aid and peacekeeping operations on the world's poorest continent.

Below are some scandals in recent years:

1994

February - United Nations says investigation reveals that some peacekeeping troops in Mozambique paid for sex with children.

1997

Reuters - AlertNet:



For more humanitarian news and analysis, please visit www.trust.org/alertnet

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Sudan: Relief workers say helicopter fired on fleeing civilians

Report
IRIN
NAIROBI, 27 February (IRIN) - A government helicopter-gunship specifically targeted the homes of civilians and fired on people as they ran for cover during an attack on a relief food distribution in one of Sudan's key oil-producing regions last week, according to humanitarian sources.
A government gunship hovered over a compound housing several aid agencies before firing horizontally, aiming at civilian homes, according to relief workers citing civilians who fled the village of Bieh, western Upper Nile, after the attack.

"Rockets were used to blow up tukul

IRIN:

A selection of IRIN reports are posted on ReliefWeb. Find more IRIN news and analysis at http://www.irinnews.org

Une sélection d'articles d'IRIN sont publiés sur ReliefWeb. Trouvez d'autres articles et analyses d'IRIN sur http://www.irinnews.org

This article does not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations or its agencies. Refer to the IRIN copyright page for conditions of use.

Cet article ne reflète pas nécessairement les vues des Nations Unies. Voir IRIN droits d'auteur pour les conditions d'utilisation.

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Sudan: Khartoum violates truce for the Nuba Mountains, SPLA

The Sudanese government has been accused of violating a cease-fire it agreed with the rebel Sudan Peoples Liberation Army (SPLA) mid-January for the country's region of Nuba Mountains.
In a statement issued in Nairobi Tuesday, the SPLA said this was the third time in a month that Khartoum had disrupted the truce that seeks to facilitate the ferrying of relief assistance to civilians in the Mountains located in Sudan's Southern Kordofan province. The two parties agreed to the cease-fire on January 19, in Switzerland, which was brokered by Swiss and American diplomats
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Sudan optimistic US to resume peace efforts

KHARTOUM, Feb 26 (AFP) - Sudan is working hard to restore "healthy ties" with the United States, Foreign Minister Mustafa Ismail said Tuesday, and Khartoum is optimistic Washington will soon reverse its decision to pull out of the Sudanese peace process.

Ismail, speaking to journalists after meeting with President Omar al-Beshir, said Beshir instructed him to continue contacts with the US administration to restore the situation to normalcy so that the US "resumes efforts for reaching peace" in Sudan.

The dip in relations and the US move

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